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Elizabethan theater and shakespeare


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Elizabethan theater and shakespeare

  1. 1. Elizabethan Theatre Conventions of the Time
  2. 2. Convention <ul><li>Special or traditional way of doing things </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some conventions of our time? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Elizabethan Era HIGHLIGHTS <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth I embodied power and beauty </li></ul><ul><li>An extravagant and brutal age! </li></ul><ul><li>The first theaters in England appeared </li></ul>
  4. 4. p Performances started in inn yards/taverns
  5. 5. <ul><li>Evolved to outdoor stages </li></ul>
  6. 7. Elizabethan Theatre <ul><li>Finally ended up in theatres </li></ul>
  8. 10. Theatre Structure Public theaters were either a round, square, or octagonal wooden structure which consisted of: <ul><li>unroofed courtyard </li></ul><ul><li>roofed galleries </li></ul><ul><li>platform stage </li></ul><ul><li>tiring-house </li></ul><ul><li>curtained discovery space </li></ul><ul><li>trap door </li></ul>
  9. 11. Major Elizabethan Theatres <ul><li>-The Theatre (1576) first theatre </li></ul><ul><li>- The Rose (1587) a rose by any other name… odor problem! </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Globe Theater <ul><li>Built in 1599 by Cuthbert Burbage </li></ul><ul><li>Burned to the ground after a cannon malfunction (1642) </li></ul><ul><li>associated with Shakespeare </li></ul>
  11. 13. Cockpit Salisbury Red Lion Curtain Rose Swan Globe Theatre Fortune Red Bull Boar’s Head Hope Bell Inn Blackfriars Paul’s Bulls Inn BelSavage Inn Cross Keys Inn
  12. 14. Yay! The Globe!
  13. 15. Shakespeare performed many of his plays at The Globe Theatre including:
  14. 16. <ul><li>Productions were performed during the daytime – candles were the only light source available </li></ul><ul><li>Flag flown on the playhouse usually alerted citizens that a play would be shown that day </li></ul>
  15. 17. SEATING <ul><li>Determined by the wealth and the social status of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>The wealthiest people took the best seats (higher up = better!) </li></ul>
  16. 18. - GROUNDLINGS: People standing on the ground in front of the stage. This was the cheapest area.
  17. 19. <ul><li>-Performers often tried to please the groundlings more than others. Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Threw food! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yelled at performers! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Theatres were shut down because of the plague </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Origin of traveling theatre troupes </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. BEAR BAITING __________________ ________________________
  20. 22. Rooster Fights __________________ ________________________
  21. 23. Public Executions
  22. 24. Public Executions By hanging, drawing, and quartering for the traitors
  23. 25. Public Executions By burning for heretics Monty Python and the Holy Grail: &quot;She's a Witch!&quot;
  24. 26. Public Executions By boiling in oil for prisoners
  25. 27. Acting Companies <ul><li>Before the theaters were built, performances were put on by traveling troupes </li></ul><ul><li>They had the reputation of being vagabonds </li></ul><ul><li>Many people gathered and sometimes behaved in disorderly manner Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead: Travelling Theater Troupe </li></ul>
  26. 28. Actors <ul><li>Actors were expected to be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>sing </li></ul><ul><li>clown </li></ul><ul><li>weapon/sword skills for stage combat </li></ul><ul><li>perform acrobatic feats </li></ul><ul><li>dance </li></ul>
  27. 30. <ul><li>Women did not perform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Female roles were performed by young boys </li></ul></ul>
  28. 31. Elizabethan Playwrights <ul><li>Playwrights were practical men bent on making a living </li></ul><ul><li>Once a playwright sold his manuscript, he had no personal right to it </li></ul><ul><li>Plays were written to be acted , not read </li></ul>
  29. 32. Elizabethan Playwrights <ul><li>William Shakespeare – be able to name five plays that he wrote </li></ul><ul><li>Christopher Marlowe Dr. Faustus – man sells his soul to the devil for power and knowledge </li></ul>
  30. 33. Elizabethan Playwrights <ul><li>Ben Jonson Volpone – man fakes his own death (greed/poor morals) </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Middleton The Chaste Maid of Cheapside – exposed the harsh reality of prostitution, sin, and poverty </li></ul>
  31. 34. Costumes <ul><li>Consisted of Elizabethan clothing </li></ul>