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Ancient Theater - UPDATED


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Ancient Theater - UPDATED

  1. 1. Ancient Theatre: Greek and Roman
  2. 2. The Theatre of Dionysus <ul><li>built at the beginning of the 5th century </li></ul><ul><li>Dionysus: greek god of wine and festivity “God of the fun stuff ” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Amphitheatres <ul><li>Plays were performed outside </li></ul><ul><li>The side of the mountain was scooped out into a bowl shape, and tiers of stone seats were built on the hill. </li></ul><ul><li>often seated as many as 20,000 </li></ul>
  4. 5. Roman Sea Battles <ul><li>Performers actually died! </li></ul><ul><li>The largest known sea battle involved 19,000 participants and approximately ½ of them died </li></ul><ul><li>Performance spaces are Massive! </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>theatron =&quot;viewing-place” </li></ul><ul><li>Word origin for “theatre” </li></ul><ul><li>where the audience sits and was usually part of the hillside around the performance space </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Greek Chorus
  7. 8. <ul><li>The traditional Greek Chorus usually moves and speaks in unison </li></ul>
  8. 9. Functions of the chorus <ul><li>an agent: gives advice, asks, takes part </li></ul><ul><li>ideal spectator - reacts as playwright hopes audience would </li></ul><ul><li>sets mood and heightens dramatic effects </li></ul><ul><li>adds movement, spectacle, song, and dance </li></ul><ul><li>pauses / paces the action so that the audience can reflect. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Today’s Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus </li></ul>
  10. 11. Word Origin <ul><li>Thespian= relating to drama/ actor or actress </li></ul><ul><li>comes from thespis - a popular greek writer </li></ul>
  11. 12. Word Origin <ul><li>The word “comedy” comes from the Greek word “komos” which means “band of revelers.” </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Actors <ul><li>All of the actors were men. Women were not allowed to participate. </li></ul><ul><li>The actors played multiple roles. a wooden, cork, or linen mask was used to show the change in character or mood. </li></ul><ul><li>The actors made themselves taller – They wore thick soled platform shoes. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Costumes <ul><li>standard Greek attire (Robes, Draped fabric) with masks </li></ul>
  14. 15. Dionysus Festival <ul><li>'City Dionysia', a festival of entertainment held in honor of the god Dionysus. </li></ul><ul><li>This festival featured competitions in music, dance, plays, and poetry. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Communal Involvement <ul><li>The entire city would be in attendance. </li></ul><ul><li>All other businesses not directly involved with the 6-day festival would shut down, so that everyone could attend. </li></ul><ul><li>The government even offered financial assistance to those who could not afford to attend. </li></ul>
  16. 17. And the grand prize…
  17. 19. Types of Greek Drama <ul><li>Comedy </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy </li></ul><ul><li>Satyr </li></ul><ul><li>Comedy and tragedy were the most popular types of plays in ancient Greece. Hence, the modern comedy and tragedy masks symbolize theatre. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Tragedy <ul><li>The word tragedy came to be derived from the Greek tragos (goat) and ode (poem). Tragedy literally means goat song or goat poem. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Traits of Tragedy <ul><li>Violence and death occurred – often offstage </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently used messengers </li></ul><ul><li>Stories based on myth or history, but varied interpretations of events </li></ul><ul><li>Focus was on psychological and ethical attributes of characters , rather than physical </li></ul>
  20. 22. Satyr Plays <ul><li>These were short plays performed between the acts of tragedies. They made fun of the plight of the tragedy's characters. </li></ul><ul><li>The satyrs were mythical half-human, half-goat servants of Dionysus. </li></ul>
  21. 23. Comedies <ul><li>not admitted to Dionysus festival until very late into the Greece’s golden age----487 b.c. </li></ul><ul><li>The first comedies were mainly satirical and mocked men in power for their vanity and foolishness </li></ul><ul><li>Style: exaggerated, farcical </li></ul>
  22. 24. Important Playwrights <ul><li>Aeschylus </li></ul><ul><li>Sophocles </li></ul><ul><li>Euripides </li></ul><ul><li>Aristophanes </li></ul>
  23. 25. Death by tortoise <ul><li>Aeschylus has one of the strangest claims to fame. He was bald, and the story goes that a passing eagle, looking for a rock on which to drop and crack open a tortoise in order to eat it, dropped it on him by mistake, killing him outright. </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>The fate of the tortoise was not recorded . </li></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>Three blind mice, Three blind mice See how they run, See how they run! They all ran after The farmer's wife She cut off their tails With a carving knife Did you ever see Such a sight in your life As three blind mice? </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>I'm Nobody! Who are you? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you Nobody too? </li></ul><ul><li>Then there's a pair of us! </li></ul><ul><li>Don't tell! They'd advertise – you know! </li></ul><ul><li>How dreary to be Somebody! </li></ul><ul><li>How public – like a Frog </li></ul><ul><li>To tell one's name – the livelong June </li></ul><ul><li>To an admiring Bog! </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>In Flanders fields the poppies blow </li></ul><ul><li>Between the crosses, row on row </li></ul><ul><li>That mark our place; and in the sky </li></ul><ul><li>The larks, still bravely singing, fly </li></ul><ul><li>Scarce heard amid the guns below. </li></ul><ul><li>We are the Dead. Short days ago </li></ul><ul><li>We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, </li></ul><ul><li>Loved and were loved, and now we lie </li></ul><ul><li>In Flanders fields. </li></ul>
  28. 30. <ul><li>Swung down, he fell on the earth with a crash/ </li></ul><ul><li>Torch in hand ,in the frenzy of the mad/ </li></ul><ul><li>was raging against us with the blasts of his hate./ </li></ul><ul><li>But those threats fared not as he hoped; / </li></ul><ul><li>and to other foes/ the mighty War-god dispensed their dooms, / </li></ul><ul><li>dealing havoc around, /a mighty helper at our need. </li></ul>
  29. 31. <ul><li>O CAPTAIN! my Captain! our fearful trip is done; The ship has weather'd every rack, the prize we sought is won; The port is near, the bells I hear, </li></ul><ul><li>the people all exulting, </li></ul><ul><li>While follow eyes the steady keel, </li></ul><ul><li>the vessel grim and daring: </li></ul><ul><li>But O heart! heart! Heart! </li></ul><ul><li>the bleeding drops of red, </li></ul><ul><li>Where on the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. </li></ul>
  30. 32. <ul><li>Righteousness has flown up from the earth to the feet of God. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not here, but up there. </li></ul><ul><li>Peace and pity are departed. </li></ul><ul><li>Hatred is here; hatred is heavy. </li></ul><ul><li>It clings to the earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Love blows away. Hatred remains. </li></ul>