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1.10 tjarda de haan


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1.10 tjarda de haan

  1. 1. PICNIC’11 Project: re:DDS, WebArcheology Living Networks, Urban Labs, September, 14th 2011
  2. 2. Project re:DDS, WebArcheology
  3. 3. Help! Our digital heritage is getting lost!
  4. 4. … In the wild, wild cyberspace… a virtual city rose… …out of networkcables, computers and modems… <ul><li>De Digitale Stad (The Digital City): 1994-2001 (virtual city) </li></ul><ul><li>1 st (free) public domain virtual city in the world </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Dutch virtual community </li></ul><ul><li>Grounded by a fluid group: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>net-activists (hackers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>independent media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>artists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and… the municipality of Amsterdam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inspired by the Free-Nets movement in the US and Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Attracted international interest for the design: metaphor of a city to structure cyberspace </li></ul><ul><li>Good for the cyberreputation of the city of Amsterdam: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CNN (1997): “For hundreds of years the city of Amsterdam has been a center of commercial trade, art and education. Now it’s helping point the way in the information revolution too.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manuel Castells (The Internet Galaxy, 2001 ): “ The most famous citizen computer network. (…) A new form of public sphere combining local institutions, grassroots organisations, and computer networks in the development of cultural expression and civic participation.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inhabitants (the users): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1994: 10.000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1997: 60.000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998: 80.000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2000: 140.000 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>First, we go back to the Dark Ages of Internet… </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>NL </li></ul><ul><li>1970 - CWI (uk: Centre for Mathematics and IT) builds supercomputer SARA, Sciencepark in Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><li>1986 - .nl = first ccTLD (country code Top Level Domains) in the world </li></ul><ul><li>1986 - Registration first .nl-domain name: CWI: </li></ul><ul><li>1988 - The Netherlands connected to the internet </li></ul><ul><li>1988 - SURFnet, Co-operative University Computing Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>1989 - NLnet, B2B </li></ul><ul><li>1989/94 - Hack-Tic, 1993  XS4ALL (internet access for all) </li></ul><ul><li>1994 – DDS (internet content for all) </li></ul><ul><li>1997 - Amsterdam Internet Exchange (AMS-IX) </li></ul><ul><li>Amsterdam net-culture </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>What do we want? Goals of the project re:DDS ( RE construction of DDS ) : </li></ul><ul><li>To preserve the internet-historical monument DDS </li></ul><ul><li>To map the history of the DDS, internet and e-culture in Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><li>To include the DDS in the collections of the heritage institutions of Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><li>And… a pilot for net-archeology : how to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve the virtual city DDS (DDS is born-digital) and make it accessible to the public, on a scientific and social level </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>But, Pitfalls of Fragile Media: </li></ul><ul><li>Linkrot </li></ul><ul><li>Lost documents </li></ul><ul><li>Missing software (operating systems) </li></ul><ul><li>Missing hardware (SCSI cables, cards etc) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>In other words, characteristic problems of the media: </li></ul><ul><li>Technology - These media are based on magnetic (hard disks, magnetic tapes, floppy disks) or optical technologies (CDs, DVDs). </li></ul><ul><li>Longevity - These media are extremely short lived: The stated longevity is a few decades at best. </li></ul><ul><li>Durability - These media are volatile: The method of recording is either magnetism on a magnetic surface, or optical laser on a plastic back. </li></ul><ul><li>Compatibility - These media become obsolete quickly. Even if they do not physically fail, the technology to read them will be obsolete in a decade or two. Different formats, programs, storage… </li></ul>Wired: “Forget storage, if you want files to last, try movage.” Kevin Kelly: “In, Out, In, Out. Copy, move, copy, move.”
  10. 10. <ul><li>So, what we do: WebArcheology  </li></ul><ul><li>(Besides the traditional research techniques: literature, archives and interviews) </li></ul><ul><li>D igg for content in the Internet Archives and </li></ul><ul><li>Webharvest </li></ul><ul><li>Collect, reboot and restore old servers </li></ul><ul><li>Unpack and activate freezes </li></ul><ul><li>Scan analog data  Optical Character Recognition (OCR) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe all excavations & add metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruct the actual virtual city (emulate!) </li></ul><ul><li>Webarchive </li></ul><ul><li>Open History Lab (crowdsouring) </li></ul><ul><li>Grave Diggers Party! </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Open History Lab  </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Grave Diggers Party, Friday the 13th… </li></ul><ul><li>1. Working space  the Archeological site re:DDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Servers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools (e-pades, e-pick-axe and e-trowels: SCSI, cables/convertors, hotplugs, genderbenders, switches, scripts, ducktape and s crewdrivers ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workstations (PC’s): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ E-excavators’: go digg in the Wayback Machine and store the excavations in the Historical (e-) Depot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Share your stories and memories at the Open History Lab ( ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Museum space  Tourist Tours </li></ul><ul><ul><li>/Lost+found: ‘cabinet of curiosities’: hardware (servers, terminals, modems etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboard 1: What is DDS, Where are you, What is this site? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboard 2: Timeline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboard 3: Tools: excavators (=pc’s), buckets (storage), ziploc bags (usb sticks), shovels (mouses, UNIX commando's), measuring tape (scripts) and pitfalls (system errors, error 404 this page cannot be found , broken images, linkrot etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboards 4, 5, 6: screenshots of /Lost+Found </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>/lost+found: interfaces of the virtual city </li></ul>January, 15th of 1994 Juni, 10th of 1995
  14. 14. <ul><li>/lost+found: squares </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>/lost+found: projects </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>/lost+found: excavations </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>/lost+ found </li></ul>
  18. 18. So, what’s next??? <ul><li>Information Research & Data Recovery: </li></ul><ul><li>1. The Grave Diggers Party: B ring Out Your Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rise of the Zombies: Finding Lost Bytes: crowdsourcing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological  github; unzip the code, what should be where, how is it related? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social  blog, facebook; get the dates right, fact finding and data research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Flight of the Zombies: DDS in 'multiple points of time‘ (emulators) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Enlightenment: Let the Bytes Free! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Project re:DDS, WebArcheology <ul><li>Please join us!  </li></ul><ul><li>TNX to: </li></ul><ul><li>Our partners: De Digitale Stad Holding BV, IISG, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Stadsarchief Amsterdam, Waag Society, old inhabitants, (ex) DDS employees, DDS affined webarcheologists and Karin Spaink </li></ul><ul><li>And: </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Digital Archeology </li></ul><ul><li>The Digital Dark Age en het voorkomen van de digitale midlife crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Webarchivering op de Koninklijke Bibliotheek </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for the Preservating of Digital Heritage (March 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>IIPC: Web Archives: The Future(s), by Eric T. Meyer, Arthur Thomas, Ralph Schroeder (2011, University of Oxford) </li></ul><ul><li>Charter on the Preservation of Digital Heritage: UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>Virtueel Platform - Archive 2020 conferentie </li></ul><ul><li>Born-digital bijzondere collecties. Rapport van de werkgroep Born‐digital van de UKB‐commissie Bijzondere Collecties </li></ul><ul><li>NRC: Het digitale drama. Nederlandse digitale archieven blijken nauwelijks bruikbaar. September, 10 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Documenteren en archiveren in een digitaal tijdperk, door Ine Poppe zie virtueel plaform </li></ul><ul><li>Born‐digital erfgoedmaterialen bij een selectie van Nederlandse erfgoedinstellingen een verkennend onderzoek In opdracht van Stichting DEN, door Maurits van der Graaf (1 februari 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Noodklok voor behoud van born-digital erfgoed door Maurits van der Graaf </li></ul>