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Energy Reconsidered


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Energy Reconsidered

  1. 1. “The best kind of energy is the energy we do not need” -edmond krecké Powered by: Sun Earth Wat e r A ir & Common Sense
  2. 2. Energy Reconsidered Energy Reconsidered
  3. 3. EnErgy rEconsidErEd is committed to the continual advancement of building technologies. We offer superior performance buildings through the implementation of a series of construction methodologies created through our affiliation with researcher and p h y s i c i s t M r. E d m o n d K r e c k é . E n E r g y r E c o n s i d E r E d f o c u s e s o n creating commercially viable self-sustaining buildings, effectively r e d u c i n g t h e b u i l d i n g ’s e n e r g y c o n s u m p t i o n t o z e r o . R e m a i n i n g conscious of ecological and economic concerns, the first technology represented by EnErgy rEconsidErEd is the ISOMAX® building system. This system, all subsequent technologies represented by EnErgy rEconsidErEd, and our stance which they reflect, will shift the way our built environment is commonly understood.
  4. 4. “Does the Flap of a Butterfly’s wings in Brazil set off a tornado in Texas?” -Edward Lorenz Everything in our environment is connected. No action goes without consequence; every action is felt by any number of links in the environmental chain. While the initial effects of our development and advancement felt by our civilization are minimal, the impact on other species and habitats can be immediate and life threatening. We are living in an age where the impact of the combined negligence of our and previous generations is alarmingly evident; we can no longer deny we are dangerously approaching a tipping point in the the dilemma future of our natural environment. Where are our priorities? Should we continue to ignore the cost to the environment in favor of saving money in the short term, or work solely for the environment with no regard for profit? Is there a solution that is both profitable and environmentally helpful?
  5. 5. All the energy we could ever need, an d a l l o f t h e e n e r g y w e a l re a d y u s e , com e s in dire c tly f rom th e su n . We m i n e t h e e a r t h e n d l e s s l y f o r c o s t l y, in e ff i c i e n t , a n d d i r t y re s o u rc e s , w h i l e ig n o r i n g t h e d i re c t ro u t e t o t h e u l t i m a t e so u rc e . D e s p i t e t h e c o s t a n d e ff o r t t o extr a c t th e re sou rc e s th a t h a ve f u e le d our civilization for decades, these m e t h o d s w e re o n c e t h e m o s t f e a s i b l e solu tion s. Th is is n o lon ge r th e c a se . We n ow h a ve th e te c h n ology n e e de d to u t i l i z e t h e e n e r g y f ro m t h e s u n F ree +$ +$ +$ = $$$ eff e c t i v e l y a n d e ff i c i e n t l y. B y t a p p i n g th i s e n e r g y s o u rc e w e c a n e l i m i n a t e un n e c e s s a r y c o s t , w a s t e , a n d d a n g e r to o u r e n v i ro n m e n t , i n a s u s t a i n a b l e an d re p l e n i s h a b l e f a s h i o n . it is im pe r a tive f or th e h e a lth of th e ea r t h , a n d o f o u r e c o n o m y, t h a t w e cu t o u t t h e m i d d l e m a n a n d re l i e v e o u r re l i a n c e o n p o l l u t a n t p ro c e s s e s . We ha v e a n e n d l e s s s u p p l y o f e n e r g y f ro m th e s u n . T h e a b i l i t y t o t a p t h i s e n e r g y d i re c t l y w i l l i n s u re a p ro s p e ro u s a n d he a lth y f u tu re . F ree +0 +0 +0 = Free
  6. 6. Energy Lifecycle U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector, 2007 (Quadrillion Btu) The graphic (left)* explains ‘U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source Percent Percent 1 of Source of Sector and Sector, 2007’ with numbers represented in quadrillion Btu. This analysis Petroleum 70 tells us that only 6% of the 10.6 quadrillion Btu allocated to residential and 24 39.8 96 2 Transportation 5 2 29.0 commercial buildings comes from renewable energy. 2 Natural 3 2 34 Gas 34 44 30 23.6 37 Industrial 5 9 Coal 3 8 9 21.4 Looking more closely at these renewable energies that constitute that <1 22.8 91 18 75 anemic 6%, we find that they can often be costly to build and maintain, 9 1 Residential 6 Renewable 30 10 6 and Commercial thereby discouraging potential consumers. 4 10.6 Energy 51 17 2 6.8 51 The graphics below are the beginning of an investigation into the costs and 9 Nuclear 21 Electric Power 7 100 Electric Power 40.6 8.4 benefits of different energies currently available to the market. 1 Does not include 0.6 quadrillion Btu of fuel ethanol, which is included in "Renewable Energy.” 6 7 Includes commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. *Information pulled from the Energy Information Administration Annual Review, 2007. 2 Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants whose primary business is to sell electricity, Excludes supplemental gaseous fuels. 3 or electricity and heat, to the public. Includes less than 0.1 quadrillion Btu of coal coke net imports. 4 Note: Sum of components may not equal 100 percent due to independent rounding. Conventional hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar/PV, wind, and biomass. 5 Sources: Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2007, Tables 1.3, 2.1b-2.1f and 10.3. Includes industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants.
  7. 7. The United States has become too reliant on foreign nations for natural gas due to our ever increasing consumption of energy. This structure was predicated on the availability of cheap energy, which is no longer the reality. The United States must become more stable in its energy needs in order to maintain its position as a world power. H ot S potS - t He C arbon a tlaS F rom ‘t He G uardian ’ S aturday d eCember 15, 2007
  8. 8. Untapped Resources: solar radiation and Thermal Storage Capacity The ground has an immense capacity to equalize temperature and retain heat. The map above (and overlaid upon the map to the left) marks the temperature sustained just a few feet beneath the top of the soil. Imagine a system that could utilize this temperature as a starting point to reaching the desired comfort zone instead of beginning from the fluctuating air temperature. The map above marks how much solar radiation is attained daily by different regions across th US, ranging from 1.25 kWh/m2/day in parts of Alaska, to over 8 kWh/m2/day in Southern California. The ISOMAX system requires 250 kWh/m2 of solar radiation to run annually. That equals 0.69 2 kWh/m /day. This is distinct from the total energy consumption of the system; this number represents the the solar radiation that the system relys on. The map above shows that the conditions with the least sunlight in Pennsylvania still get 2.81 kWh/m2/day, four times the energy needed to power the system. Even the northernmost parts of Alaska recieve almost twice as much as they would need, recieving energy directly from the sun at a rate of 1.20 kWh/m2/day.
  9. 9. Isomax Building Technologies Solar Collector - Energy Absorber Near Surface Geothermal Heat Sink Pipe in Pipe Ventilation System Hot Water Supply Insulated Concrete Forms Security System - Pressure Detection
  10. 10. Solar Harvesting Each polypropylene tube acts as an individual collector circuit, and is controlled according to the respectively absorbed temperature. After assessment of requirements, sub-circuits are laid out and connected. Hydraulic compensation in connection with the selected pumping capacity and control valves is to be guaranteed whilst always observing the permissible noise level. The division of the register into temperature levels enables, in the same manner as the design of the ground storage system, optimum use of a maximum of the available storage energy in the respective temperature range.
  11. 11. Near Surface Geothermal Heat Sink The underground storage system itself and the thermal production fed into it from the building shell is sub-divided into the following levels: circuit 1 - + 25°C circuit 2 - + 20°C circuit 3 - + 15°C circuit 4 - + 10°C Extraction and ventilation is also driven via the underground storage system. The underground storage system serves both the heating and cooling process as required.
  12. 12. Pipe-In-Pipe Ventilation Through a stainless steel coaxial piping system, fresh air is inhaled into the building while stale air is exhaled at the same time. Due to the stainless material of the pipes, the heat exchange between Via the roof absorber piping the solar energy is collected by heatingfresh aircontained in stale air is measured at 98% efficiency. This means that the fresh air ventilating the the water and the said piping up to a temperature of +80° and fed into the ground underneath the sole plate C the house is already at the desired temperature and needs no auxiliary energy expenditure to reach by means of insulated piping. The ground underneath the sole plate is “diked“ laterally with the comfort zone. The volume of air exchanged is much above the prescriptive ASHRAE standards insulation so as to serve as an efficient storage for the heat supplied. The storage is sub- divided into different temperature zones by an appropriate control system. Theplace 24/7 without creating any feeling of drafts in hallways or individual rooms. and takes core storage with temperatures above +35° serves for preheating of the service water and the center C and boundary storages with temperatures within the range of +15° to +34° serve for heat- C C ing of the outside walls. A cooling circuit also conceivable outside of the building makes use of the relatively constant ground temperature of +7° to +14° and may be provided for cool- C C ing of the outside walls in summer. Cold air in From 98% Heat exCHanGe Warm FreSH air into o aeration and Apart from heating and/or cooling of walls and roofing, an additional utdoorS ventilation buildinG of buildings by means of a “Pipe-in-Pipe” counterflow system is deemed useful. To this ef- fect, the outgoing air from the rooms is dissipated in a larger-section pipe in one direction Warm Stale air exHauSted For Heat tranSFer and the fresh air is supplied through a smaller pipe which is inserted in the larger-section Winter SCenario depiCted - pipe, in the opposite direction. In case of an adequate length of the two pipes heat exchange SyStem FunCtionS in reverSe durinG Summer efficiencies in excess of 98% are achieved. The fresh air supplied through the pipe system is routed within the ground for heating and/or cooling as a function of outdoor temperatures. 50% El the length of conductos es within the energy storage heat sink below the building, and 50% of sistema de pipe is placed llevado desde la superficie superior útil a través de la Figures 2 to 5 show examples of piping installations in the ground underneath underground ina tierra, y allí, cool zones on the periphery of the building. These zones plancha del suelo the isothermal debajo de la plancha del suelo en el depósito is placed the foundation lateral, se dispone en una superficie de 40 a 45 m para absorber desde el exterior slab as well as in and adjacent this sole plate and on the roof. Illustrated in Figure 6 is the are utilized to transfer heat either to or from the ventilation pipes as needed to achieve a comfortable erection of wall assembly units with integrated piping. Figure 7 shows delnecessary control the edificio aire entrante y para expulsar aire saliente. Los tubos están realizados engineering restricted to two circulating pumps and several control valves. acero inoxidable Every room has its own thermostat, puentes para facilitar controlled temperature year round. que ofrece en la parte exterior so the temperature is la en immediately by eachcalor. En el conducto destinado al aire frescois maintained at a rocío transmisión de space individually. Additionally, the humidity se puede formar constant of en las paredes del conducto y producirse un líquido de condensación. Por lo tanto between 45-55%. This is of importance since spores of mold and mildew start to proliferate in los tubos se deben realizar con una inclinación de 0,5% para que el líquido de la conditions above 65% humidity and ultimately lead to “sick building syndrome”. condensación pueda ser evacuado. Los cálculos necesarios para la colocación y dimensiones de los tubos de ventilación se pueden realizar mediante programas de simulación. Como parámetro 6-8kWh/10 SF annually. The energy de cara to accomplish this feat is between se deben determinar la densidad, inicial needed a este tipo de cálculos también capacidad de generación de calor específica, capacidad de conducción de calor y For Pennsylvania this translates to monetary output of $0.60-$0.80 el contenido en agua del suelo sometido a examen. La velocidad de flujo per year. /10 SF debe situarse entre los 1,0 m/seg y 1,4 m/seg. Cuando se trata de valores de flujo de aire variables entre 0,4 y 0,8/h, se producen en viviendas con medidas estándar Figure 2. „Pipe-in-Pipe“ counterflow system habituales flujos de aire de hasta 500 m3/h.
  13. 13. Insulated Concrete Forms ICF construction begins with stay-in-place Styrofoam. Rebar is placed within each unit and concrete is poured inside to make a permanent structure. The end result is a high-performance, structurally sound wall that is already insulated, has a vapor barrier, and can receive final finishes to the interior and exterior portion of it. Advantages of ICF: Increases energy efficiency Life-cycle friendly Shock resistant Reduced noise transmission Reduces CO2 emissions Reduces waste for land fills Non-toxic No CFC’s Reduces construction time Replaces insulation material No structural deterioration Building with ICF improves the envelope and the thermodynamics of every structure. Energy savings of between 30%-70% are realized in the US, whether it is in Alaska or Florida, Arizona or New York. Lakeside Village - Cayman Islands - built by Manfred Knobel
  14. 14. Thermal Barrier In winter, heat is transported through the outer walls of the building by water constantly pumped through small, evenly- spaced pipes. The water, directed from underground HEAT CIRCUITS at 64-78 degrees Fahrenheit, forms TEMPERATURE BARRIERS in the outer walls. Similarly, in the summer months, cold water of about 50 degrees is directed from the COLD CIRCUITS is pumped through the walls creating comfortable room temperature all year round. ), dentro o sobre las paredes externas, se coloca por zonas, r cada porción individual con cada espacio interior. Así es This construction method changes the context of a ra térmica por recintos. wall from having a large R-value to combat the outdoor temperature, to having a smart adjustable envelope that didas por generates comfort zones, thus rendering the R-value null. pacidad de rtante que This is a slow system, so any immediate change in a longitud temperature must be derived from the ventilation system y 120 m. and its partitioned thermal zones, but the near constant eben evitar thermal wall system provides a beginning point far closer to human comfort than that usually found beyond the exterior walls of the building. 6 muestran ásicas de This smart system regulates the temperature via a computer that records information for analysis as it adjusts the ductos por temperature of the walls according to outside temperature ón de los and the anticipated temperature based on previous years campos and supplementary data. áfico 4.6 b nivelar las uras de
  15. 15. The Price Of Energy Traditional Const Construction with ISOMAX BUILDING TECHNOLOGY United States 12 Kwh/m2/yr % Save 6 Kwh/m2/yr % Save Total Energy Cost $1,830.47 $903.27 51% $816.14 55% Air Conditioning $276.80 $174.27 84% $87.14 92% $1,101 Heating $533.67 Water Heating $291.00 Others (1) $729.00 $729.00 $729.00 2 12 Kwh/m /yr % Save 6 Kwh/m2/yr % Save Total Energy Cost $2,525.87 $998.54 60% $911.41 64% Air Conditioning $396.00 $174.27 90% $87.14 95% NorthEast $1,702 Heating $970.60 Water Heating $335.00 (1) Others $824.27 $824.27 $824.27 1) Includes all home appliances and lighting requirements 2) Based on the avergage household size in the United States of America at 1536.80 Sqft 3) Energy Calcutions are based on the following formula (153.68 m2 x (x) Kwh x (x)/Kwh) 4) All pricing based on commerical and industrially available numbers for our market (12 Kwh and 6 Kwh and 0.0945/Kwh) 5) Energy prices derived from this chart Statistics pulled from the Energy Information Administration Annual Report, 2005 and extrapolated to find the average square footage per US residence and energy consumption data. Calculations prove the overall energy savings to the customer to be 51% - 55% for the entire US and 60% - 64% for the North East. These numbers reflect the actual utility bill including the cost of appliances, lighting, and refrigerator - none of which are provided for by this system. The actual savings from heating, air-conditioning, and the heating of water can be seen to be between 84% - 92% as the US average and 90% - 95% in the North East.
  16. 16. Projected Global Impact 60% of energy expenditures in the US come from heating, cooling, and ventilation of our buildings. Imagine the difference it would make if all buildings implemented this system and we could eliminate this cost to our economy and to our environment. We would be leaders on a global scale, pioneering change for future generations, and without any compromise in our standard of living. Existing Energy Use Projected Energy Use
  17. 17. Energy Reconsidered Energy Reconsidered is going to pull profits from a range of areas in the industry: sublicensing, distribution, consultation, and construction supervision. The ISOMAX building system presented here is potentially just the beginning of product lines offered by Energy Reconsidered through continued research and development inside of our direct engagement with Edmond Krecké. This building system yields results to varied typologies within the building industry including new construction as well as retrofitting existing projects. We have identified several potential projects to go forward with in the next year, including typologies such as single family homes, dorm style, multi-unit condos, low-income multi-unit, assisted living, co-housing development, as well as office towers. Our current prospective client list includes Habitat for Humanity, the Philadelphia School District, and Temple University. Founder: Founder: Michael Sebright Manfred Knobel of Stimulant Design of Moss Pointe Builders Energy Reconsidered
  18. 18. The Inventor: Edmond Krecké reSumé: 1956–1962 – Const r uc t ion of t he c it y of B R AS ILIA / Brazi l , together wi th the archi tect Os car Nie me y e r. 1963–1969 – produc t ion of int e r na t iona lly pa t e nted, new technol ogi es for road and m otorway s afety. ( Double - dist a nc e c r a sh ba r r ie r s, roa dside guide pos ts , refl ectors , anti gl are protecti on el em ents , sound insula t ing w a lls, ma r king pa int s e t c .) Ma ny y e a r s of pr a c t ic a l t e st ing on t he t e st grounds of M ercedes -Benz. Im pl em entati on of the new t e c hnology for t he fir st t ime in G e r ma ny, B r a z il, S wi tzerl and, S weden, France, Venezuel a. 1970- 1975 Proje c t se t - up – pla nning – c onst r ucti on of ecol ogi cal bui l di ngs i n France whi ch were adapted to the landscape, with typical local materials, by taking into consideration all natural re sourc e s. 1976–1991 R e se a rc h – de v e lopme nt – re c y c ling producti on of vari ous new cons tructi on products , suc h a s liquid le a t he r, liquid c e llulose for w a ll coati ng etc. , porous concrete, s heathi ng el em ents , fla t fa c ing br ic ks. Produc t ion of low - e ne r gy buildi ngs . Co- founde r of t he Ame r ic a n Assoc ia t ion of Ma nufacturers of S heathi ng El em ents ICFA (Forerunner of pa ssiv e building t e c hnology ) . o n t H e H o r i z o n ** Pla nning, produc t ion a nd c onst r uc t ion of a pprox. 400 earthquake-proof res i denti al and adm i ni s trati ve buildings in URI, Himalaya, and planning, production, infrastructure and construction of approx. 400 Hydrogen Battery re side nt ia l buildings in Djibout i. 1991- 1993 Pr iv a t iz ing of WI G E B A- Sc ie nt ific E qui pm ent P roducti on – Berl i n, suc c e ssor or ga niz a t ion of t he St a t e Se c ur it y DDR (S TA S I) Air Humidity to Potable Water Converter 1994–today Research – development–production of passive “zero energy” buildings (systems (R) I SO MAX ( R ) I SO G AR DE , ( R ) I SO SAFE ) . 2004 Founding me mbe r of t he E urope a n Assoc iati on of M anufacturers of S heathi ng El em ents VIBS Tr a n s l a t i o n To H i g h R i s e ( fore r unne r of pa ssiv e building t e c hnology ) . Construction 2005 Founding me mbe r of t he TSW TE R R A - SOL INTERN. WIS S ENS CHA FTS GREM IU M FÜR WI SSE NSCHAFT UND WI R TSCHAFT e .g.V. ( Inter nati onal A s s oci ati on for S ci ence) 2005 Founding me mbe r of t he I WR I NTE R NATI ONA LER WIS S ENS CHA FTLICHER RAT Thermal Air Barrier ( int e r na t iona l sc ie nt ific c ounc il ) 2005- t oda y Se mina r s, I nt e r na t iona l E nv ironm ent Conferences , and l ectures at Inter nati onal ** Energy Reconsidered automatically retains I nst it ut ions Propr ie t or a nd pre side nt of v a r ious int e r na t iona l adm i ni s trati on and producti on com pani es . usage rights to all new intellectual property