SIGNIFICANCE Westward Expansion Industrial Revolution (connecting raw materials with factories and markets) Created a national market economy with regional areas specializing in certain economic activites. Jump started the building of new cities.
TURNPIKES AND ROADS The Lancaster Turnpike in Pennsylvania was highly successful, and helped jump start western development. Turnpike boom lasted about 20 years. The National Road (Cumberland Road) is built in 1811.
STEAMBOATS Overlapped the turnpike boom The first successful steamboat was built by Robert Fulton. Steamboats were a big hit because in changed America’s navigable steams which doubled the carrying capacity. Ran 10 miles an hour Played a big part in opening the West and South
CANALS The Erie Canal linked the Great Lakes with the Hudson River (1817-1825) Shipping time reduced from 20 days to 6 days. New cities emerged such as Rochester and Syracuse. NY became the fastest growing and wealthiest city on the east coast.
RAILROADS The first transcontinental railroad is built in 1869. They were faster and cheaper to build than canals. By 1860, 30,000 miles of railroad track covered the US.
OPPOSITION Turnpikes- States’ rights advocates didn’t want federal aid to local internal improvements, and the Eastern states were concerned over population growth. Railroads- canal builder, turnpike investors and some famers who made money transporting goods were opposed to the railroad system.