Transportation Revolution 1790 1860

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Transportation Revolution 1790 1860

  1. 1. The Transportation Revolution 1790 - 1860 By Connor
  2. 2. Cause <ul><li>Main cause - Panic of 1819: need for more effective transportation goods. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Modes of Transportation
  4. 4. Steamboats <ul><li>Steamboat - first one in 1807 known as “Clermont” on the Hudson River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferred mode of water transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of Steamboats rose from 17 to 69 between 1817 and 1820. By 1855 number reached 727. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before Steamboats were flatboats which carried goods down the Mississippi River. Once reached bottom, sold as firewood. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbol of the West </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Dangers of Steamboats <ul><li>Fires were common due to huge furnaces and carried flammable cargo </li></ul><ul><li>Boiler explosions destroyed steamer and its passengers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Waterways <ul><li>Steamboats gained popularity - building of canals. </li></ul><ul><li>1816 - US had only 100 miles of canal </li></ul><ul><li>Erie Canal - first major canal project </li></ul><ul><li>The canal system linked the major trading and manufacturing center of the nation. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Railroads <ul><li>Railroad boom kicked in late 1830s </li></ul><ul><li>By 1840, 3,000 miles of track had been lain in America </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in railroads had outstripped that in canals. </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads - faster, cheaper, and greater range than canals </li></ul>
  8. 8. Effects <ul><li>Rapid growth of towns and cities </li></ul>

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