Wyandot Indians, the Delaware Indians, the Shawnee Indians, the Ottawa Indians, the Miami Indians, the Eel River Indians, the Wea Indians, the Chippewa Indians, the Potawatomi Indians, the Kickapoo Indians, the Piankashaw Indians, and the Kaskaskia Indians were present at the signing. The natives agreed to relinquish all claims to land south and east of a boundary that began roughly at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River in Ohio.
Land did not belong to a single tribe, only Indians collectively could cede land. Master of Life owned everything, Whites had no right to it. Tecumseh received major help from his younger brother in persuading Indians to join confederacy.
Did not have military expertise like his brother, turned to mysticism. Suggested the forsaking of Alcohol, Iron Cookware, and guns. Believed that if the Natives stopped using goods, the Master of Life would stop White expansion. People started listening to his message, and ended up converging on the town of Prophetstown around 1808.
Tecumseh believed in more people more power, so he tried to recruit all the tribes he could for the cause. Failures This was a problem, because the people in prophetstown had little food and inadequate shelter. Indians did not want to give up the White’s goods that made they’re lives easier. The White’s greatly outnumbered the Indians in this region and had more access to supplies. Also, a republican group called the “War hawks” were taking hold in Congress. They were hot-headed and replaced many older, more reasonable men, most of them Federalists. These new republicans were
The Engagement became known as the Battle of Tippecanoe Became the 9th president of the USA and eventually became known as “Old Tippecanoe” because of the famous battle.
Prophetstown fell. Attacking was a stupid decision. The prophet lacked any military prowess, and his men were undersupplied and undertrained. The Prophet claimed to have had a vision the night before that the Master of Life assured him a Native victory. He said that Master said that the White’s bullets would not harm he natives. Early in the morning.
William Henry Harrison lead the American Army to Moravian Town, along the Thames river in Ontario, Canada in October of 1813. The British were retreating from a loss at Fort Malden, Ontario where Oliver Hazard Perry had won the Battle of Lake Erie. The American Army won a total victory, every advance being met with a surrender or retreat from the British. The Indians fought valiantly, but lost their will after Tecumseh was killed on the battlefield. With Tecumseh dead, the Indian Confederation fell apart and never quite reassembled. Whites walked all over them and took land from this point on.
Tecumseh and The Prophet Joseph
Treaty of Greeneville <ul><li>Signed in 1795 </li></ul><ul><li>Many Tribes were present </li></ul><ul><li>The Indians ceded land to the Whites </li></ul>
Tecumseh <ul><li>Military Man, Great Warrior </li></ul><ul><li>Confederacy of Indian Tribes west of the Appalachians </li></ul><ul><li>Tecumseh’s Federation </li></ul>
The Prophet - Tenskwatawa <ul><li>Suggest the forsaking of all White customs </li></ul><ul><li>“ Master of Life” - Shawnee God </li></ul>
Prophetstown <ul><li>Northwestern Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>More People, More Power </li></ul><ul><li>White’s feared the Indians </li></ul><ul><li>“ War Hawks” </li></ul>
William H. Harrison <ul><li>Governor of the Indiana Territory </li></ul><ul><li>An army was commissioned to allieviate fear of Indian Attack </li></ul>
Battle of Tippecanoe <ul><li>Tecumseh was away recruiting other Indians for the Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>The Prophet decided to attack the Americans </li></ul><ul><li>November 7, 1811 </li></ul><ul><li>62 Whites killed, 126 Wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Indian losses are unknown, but estimated at 40 deaths </li></ul>
Battle of the Thames <ul><li>William Henry Harrison lead the army </li></ul><ul><li>British were on retreat </li></ul><ul><li>Americans won </li></ul><ul><li>Marked the end of Indian alliance </li></ul>