Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Tariffs

932 views

Published on

Published in: Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Tariffs

  1. 1. Tariffs of 1828, 1832, and 1833 Hannah
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Era: Andrew Jackson’s Presidency </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs are a touchy issue because they protect American industry but increase prices for all </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs also invite retaliatory tariffs imposed on U.S. agricultural exports </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1828-> “Tariff of Abominations” or “Black Tariff” <ul><li>Benefits Northern Yankees and middle states more than Southern states </li></ul><ul><li>High duties on imports </li></ul>
  4. 4. Y Southerners Oppose <ul><li>Hurts farmers who have to pay high higher prices for manufacturers but don’t enjoy the protection if offered </li></ul><ul><li>Deeper Issues: if the south didn’t fight for state’s rights on this issue, they feared the fed gov’t would use its powers to suppress slavery in the South </li></ul>
  5. 5. More <ul><li>The Southern supporters went so far as to publish a pamphlet called “The South Carolina Exposition” </li></ul><ul><li>Written by the vice-president John C. Calhoun (in secret) </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated strong state’s rights and a united union; dual presidency-->one representing North and one for the South </li></ul>
  6. 6. Remember <ul><li>“ Taxation without Representation” </li></ul><ul><li>Southern states protest “Let the New England beware how she imitates the Old” </li></ul><ul><li>Similar circumstances where the taxed feel they are not benefited with representation (in this case protection) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tariff of 1832 <ul><li>The nullies of the South try to get 2/3 vote in South Carolina Legislature but were blocked by the state’s Unionist minority AKA “submission men” </li></ul><ul><li>Congress eventually passed the new tariff </li></ul><ul><li>-->got rid of worst “abominations” from 1828 but fell short of Southern demands </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1832 <ul><li>In South Carolina nullies and unionists fight in elections of 1832-nullies won and declare the tariff void in their state and threaten to remove themselves from the Union. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1832 <ul><li>President Jackson privately threatens to invade SC but the former senator Robert Hayne doesn’t budge=1 side must surrender or both must compromise to avoid civil war </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1833-> “Compromise Tariff” <ul><li>Tariff was bitterly debated with most opposition coming from the Yankees </li></ul><ul><li>South favored the compromise </li></ul>
  11. 11. More <ul><li>Congress passed “Force Bill” or “Bloody Bill” which allows president to use army/navy to collect federal tariff duties. </li></ul><ul><li>SC faced internal and external civil war so the Colombian Convention met and repealed the ordinance of nullification but nullified the “force bill” </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1832 <ul><li>Henry Clay of Kentucky (seat in Senate) throws his influence behind a compromise bill that would gradually reduce the tariff of 1832 by approximately 10% over a period of 8 years </li></ul>
  13. 13. The End The next time nullies and unionists clash, compromise is more elusive -- > Reference to civil war?

×