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  1. 1. Tariffs of 1828, 1832, and 1833 Hannah
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Era: Andrew Jackson’s Presidency </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs are a touchy issue because they protect American industry but increase prices for all </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs also invite retaliatory tariffs imposed on U.S. agricultural exports </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1828-> “Tariff of Abominations” or “Black Tariff” <ul><li>Benefits Northern Yankees and middle states more than Southern states </li></ul><ul><li>High duties on imports </li></ul>
  4. 4. Y Southerners Oppose <ul><li>Hurts farmers who have to pay high higher prices for manufacturers but don’t enjoy the protection if offered </li></ul><ul><li>Deeper Issues: if the south didn’t fight for state’s rights on this issue, they feared the fed gov’t would use its powers to suppress slavery in the South </li></ul>
  5. 5. More <ul><li>The Southern supporters went so far as to publish a pamphlet called “The South Carolina Exposition” </li></ul><ul><li>Written by the vice-president John C. Calhoun (in secret) </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated strong state’s rights and a united union; dual presidency-->one representing North and one for the South </li></ul>
  6. 6. Remember <ul><li>“ Taxation without Representation” </li></ul><ul><li>Southern states protest “Let the New England beware how she imitates the Old” </li></ul><ul><li>Similar circumstances where the taxed feel they are not benefited with representation (in this case protection) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tariff of 1832 <ul><li>The nullies of the South try to get 2/3 vote in South Carolina Legislature but were blocked by the state’s Unionist minority AKA “submission men” </li></ul><ul><li>Congress eventually passed the new tariff </li></ul><ul><li>-->got rid of worst “abominations” from 1828 but fell short of Southern demands </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1832 <ul><li>In South Carolina nullies and unionists fight in elections of 1832-nullies won and declare the tariff void in their state and threaten to remove themselves from the Union. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1832 <ul><li>President Jackson privately threatens to invade SC but the former senator Robert Hayne doesn’t budge=1 side must surrender or both must compromise to avoid civil war </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1833-> “Compromise Tariff” <ul><li>Tariff was bitterly debated with most opposition coming from the Yankees </li></ul><ul><li>South favored the compromise </li></ul>
  11. 11. More <ul><li>Congress passed “Force Bill” or “Bloody Bill” which allows president to use army/navy to collect federal tariff duties. </li></ul><ul><li>SC faced internal and external civil war so the Colombian Convention met and repealed the ordinance of nullification but nullified the “force bill” </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1832 <ul><li>Henry Clay of Kentucky (seat in Senate) throws his influence behind a compromise bill that would gradually reduce the tariff of 1832 by approximately 10% over a period of 8 years </li></ul>
  13. 13. The End The next time nullies and unionists clash, compromise is more elusive -- > Reference to civil war?