Slavery Conflict 1848-1860 By Brandon AP US History Hour 3
Views in 1848 <ul><li>In the election of 1848 Zachary Taylor who had never held civil office was nominated by the Whig par...
The Free Soil Party <ul><li>Created by Northern antislavery men who distrusted Taylor and Lewis Cass (the creator of the i...
The Underground Railroad <ul><li>Virtual freedom train that consisted of a chain of antislavery homes where slaves could r...
Routes of the Underground
Sectional Balance <ul><li>The South had the presidency, the majority in the Cabinet, the majority in the Supreme Court, an...
Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>The South announced their intention to withdraw Tennessee from the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Hen...
Results <ul><li>North got a better deal. </li></ul><ul><li>California as a free state permanently tipped the Senate toward...
Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>The territory know as Nebraska was divided into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska. </li></u...
Results <ul><li>Pushed toward Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Antislavery northerners were angered by what they called an act ...
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Slavery Conflict 1848 1860

  1. 1. Slavery Conflict 1848-1860 By Brandon AP US History Hour 3
  2. 2. Views in 1848 <ul><li>In the election of 1848 Zachary Taylor who had never held civil office was nominated by the Whig party. </li></ul><ul><li>He was not committed on the slavery issue yet owned slaves on a sugar plantation in Louisiana. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result a coalition of antislavery men from Whig, Democrat, and Liberty Parties was formed called the Free-Soil Party. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilmot Proviso battled for the exclusion of slaves in the territories and was endorsed by all free state legislatures but one. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Free Soil Party <ul><li>Created by Northern antislavery men who distrusted Taylor and Lewis Cass (the creator of the idea of Popular Sovereignty). </li></ul><ul><li>“ Free soil, free speech, free labor. </li></ul><ul><li>and free men” were the beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>on which they built their party. </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshadowed the emergence of </li></ul><ul><li>the Republican Party six years </li></ul><ul><li>later. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed free soil was the only way </li></ul><ul><li> for America to flourish. </li></ul>Zachary Taylor
  4. 4. The Underground Railroad <ul><li>Virtual freedom train that consisted of a chain of antislavery homes where slaves could run away from slave states to the free soils of </li></ul><ul><li>Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners demanded more strict </li></ul><ul><li>fugitive-slave laws. </li></ul><ul><li>The South lost an estimated </li></ul><ul><li>1,000 slaves a year and a total </li></ul><ul><li>of 4 million slaves through the </li></ul><ul><li>underground. </li></ul>Harriet Tubman
  5. 5. Routes of the Underground
  6. 6. Sectional Balance <ul><li>The South had the presidency, the majority in the Cabinet, the majority in the Supreme Court, and equal number of states in the senate. </li></ul><ul><li>But by 1850 there were an equal number of slave and free states with fifteen of each. </li></ul><ul><li>The addition of California, New Mexico, and Utah to the number of free states tipped the balance in the Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners were angered at the North’s abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>The South announced their intention to withdraw Tennessee from the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay urged the North and the South to make concessions and for the North to partially yield by enacting a more agreeable fugitive-slave law. </li></ul><ul><li>Webster’s famous Seventh of March speech helped turn North toward Compromise and strengthened Union sentiment. </li></ul><ul><li>With the death of President Taylor a series of compromises were accepted by both sides. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Results <ul><li>North got a better deal. </li></ul><ul><li>California as a free state permanently tipped the Senate toward the North. </li></ul><ul><li>The South needed to gain more slave states to restore the balance, but territory was limited. </li></ul><ul><li>New Fugitive Slave Law received much opposition from the North as slaves could no longer testify in court or receive a fair jury trial. </li></ul><ul><li>The Underground Railroad rescued slaves from their pursuers. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>The territory know as Nebraska was divided into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska. </li></ul><ul><li>Their status regarding slavery was to be decided by popular sovereignty. </li></ul><ul><li>With the influence of surrounding states Kansas chose to become a slave state and Nebraska a free state. </li></ul><ul><li>This act contradicted the Missouri Compromise that forbade slavery in the Nebraska Territory. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Results <ul><li>Pushed toward Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Antislavery northerners were angered by what they called an act of bad faith. </li></ul><ul><li>All future compromises with the South would be more difficult and would cause conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Crushed the previously enforced Fugitive Slave Law. </li></ul><ul><li>Democrat party was shattered while the new Republican party grew as did the protest against slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>North and South began fighting over Kansas. </li></ul>

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