Manifest Destiny


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Manifest Destiny

  1. 1. Haley Hour 6
  2. 2. <ul><li>The phrase “manifest destiny” breaks down into an obvious, or evident, destiny, applied to the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The Americans in the 1800’s thought that it was their god-given right to extend their boundaries and occupy all of the North American continent. </li></ul><ul><li>US had eyes on Mexico, due to the recent annexation of Texas. America now had eyes on California. </li></ul><ul><li>This and the new Americans settling in Oregan created tensions between Britain, who had stakes claimed in the Pacific Northwest, and Mexico, who still regarded Texas as Mexican providence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The phrase “manifest destiny” was first used by John O’Sullivan in 1845. </li></ul><ul><li>O’Sullivan was a writer for a New York newspaper, and used this term when writing about the Texas annexation. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our manifest destiny is to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.” </li></ul><ul><li>Manifest destiny was not a government policy, but did help influence many decisions in the government in the 19 th century. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The 1844 election was largely influenced by manifest destiny. </li></ul><ul><li>The democrats specifically were drawn towards it, and saw James K. Polk as their democrat who could help the Americans spread out. </li></ul><ul><li>Clay, the opposing Whig candidate, was defeated, 170 to 105 in the Electoral College, and only slightly in the popular vote. </li></ul><ul><li>One of Polk's goals was the acquisition of California and settling the Oregon dispute between Britain, the Democrats witnessed him as their “Mandate for Manifest Destiny”. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Polk compromised with Britain, and was able to acquire some of Oregon. This upset many northern democrats, who were in the favor the most of expansion. </li></ul><ul><li>The northern democrats wanted all of Oregon, not just a part. </li></ul><ul><li>It was overlooked that Polk was able to compromise and obtain part of Oregon, without any violence occurring. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Seen as the gateway to the Pacific Ocean for America. </li></ul><ul><li>An area of much anxiety for Polk. He had a very strong desire to purchase California from Mexico, but with poor relations at the moment due to Texas, the proposal of 25 million wasn’t even listened to. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The victory against Mexico, and the discovery of gold in California helped reawaken the manifest destiny mindset. </li></ul><ul><li>A gold rush and British clash resulted. </li></ul><ul><li>Next the desire for Cuba sprang up, resulting in a clash with Spain. Polk even suggested offering 100 million for Cuba, but was not agreed upon. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The realization for a transcontinental railroad was now clear. </li></ul><ul><li>Needed a way to reach the Pacific Coast in their California territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Many other issues appeared due to manifest destiny creating a desire for land, but it would go into others topics in too much depth. </li></ul>