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Industrial Revolutionppt


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Industrial Revolutionppt

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution Lexi Hr: 5
  2. 2. The Spinning Machine <ul><li>Samuel Slater emigrated to America in 1789 from England </li></ul><ul><li>He had memorized the plans for spinning machinery </li></ul><ul><li>In 1791he opened the first efficient American machinery for spinning cotton thread </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Cotton Gin <ul><li>Demand for cotton was on the rise </li></ul><ul><li>Across 10 days in 1793, Eli Whitney built the cotton gin </li></ul><ul><li>This machine was 50 times more efficient than hand picking </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Spread of Industry <ul><li>Factories rapidly spread throughout New England, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>The South bound itself to cotton </li></ul>
  5. 5. New England: a Manufacturer’s Paradise <ul><li>The soil was rocky; farming was difficult </li></ul><ul><li>A dense population meant labor and a large market </li></ul><ul><li>Shipping and seaports made the importation of raw materials easy </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers provided abundant power to run the machines </li></ul>
  6. 6. Flourishing Factories: Firearms <ul><li>Firearms were most prominent new industry </li></ul><ul><li>Eli Whitney started mass production of muskets </li></ul><ul><li>Up until then, muskets had to be assembled by hand </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Sewing Machine <ul><li>1846-Elias Howe invented the Sewing Machine </li></ul><ul><li>Perfected by Isaac Singer </li></ul><ul><li>Became basis for ready-made clothe </li></ul><ul><li>Drove many women to work in factories </li></ul>
  8. 8. The First World Fair <ul><li>Showcased American inventions such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Reaper </li></ul><ul><li>Telegraph </li></ul><ul><li>Firearms </li></ul><ul><li>Vulcanized Rubber Goods </li></ul>
  9. 9. Factory Labor <ul><li>Wages were low </li></ul><ul><li>Hours were long </li></ul><ul><li>Factories were unsanitary </li></ul><ul><li>Law forbid the development of labor unions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Child Labor <ul><li>Many factory laborers were children under ten years </li></ul><ul><li>There were special “whipping rooms” for discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Many became blighted, starved, and stunted </li></ul>
  11. 11. Women in the Workplace <ul><li>6 Day weeks </li></ul><ul><li>12-13 Hour Days </li></ul><ul><li>Supervised on and off the job </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in company boardinghouses </li></ul><ul><li>Earned hardly anything </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in gruesome conditions </li></ul>