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Immigration And Nationalism


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Immigration And Nationalism

  1. 1. Immigration and Nationalism 1830-1860 Ben
  2. 2. Indian Removal <ul><li>The Indian Removal Act of 1830 took land from the five civilized tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, and Seminole) and sent them to reservations west of the Mississippi river. </li></ul><ul><li>A desire for land was a major motivating factor in Indian removal. </li></ul><ul><li>When the Cherokee Nation tried to fight the removal, the supreme court ruled in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) that the Cherokee people did not have their own sovereign nation </li></ul><ul><li>By 1840, except for a small number of Seminoles, there were no Indian Tribes in the American South. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Strong nationalistic tendencies led to this set of Ideals </li></ul><ul><li>A common definition of Manifest Destiny is the belief that the borders of the United States should extend from coast to coast. </li></ul><ul><li>The definitions were so broad however that Ernest Lee Tuveson once said it was &quot;A vast complex of ideas, policies, and actions is comprehended under the phrase 'Manifest Destiny'. They are not, as we should expect, all compatible, nor do they come from any one source.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Know Nothing Party <ul><li>Came to prominence with the death of the second party system and had its main time of prominence in the 1850s. </li></ul><ul><li>The Know Nothing party was strongly against immigration and virulently anti-catholic. </li></ul><ul><li>They believed that Catholics had more loyalty to the pope than the Nation </li></ul><ul><li>They believed that naturalized citizens had ties too close to Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>They were strongly nationalistic. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Irish Immigration <ul><li>The 1845 Potato Rot led to an influx of emigration from Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1840s Irish immigration made up more than half of United States immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>Irish immigrants tended to do hard labor on canal and railroad building sites. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1860 the number of Irish immigrants had begun to go down. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other Immigration <ul><li>By 1851 there were more than 25,000 Chinese workers in California. </li></ul><ul><li>Germans also continued to immigrate during the mid 1800s. </li></ul><ul><li>German immigrants tended to live in rural areas, about two-fifths of them lived in cities over 25,000 in population. </li></ul>