2ndpartysystem

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  • Jackson, Buren, Polk president Cass VP
  • 2ndpartysystem

    1. 1. The Second (2nd) Party System Ethan
    2. 2. And now its time for your favorite thing ever THE PARTIES 1820s-50s <ul><li>In the red corner: </li></ul><ul><li>THE Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Trace their origin back to the anti-federalists and Jeffersonian democratic-republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Apparently they were pragmatists,for they shortened the name to just “democrats” </li></ul><ul><li>In the blue corner: </li></ul><ul><li>THE Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>Originated from the Federalists and people like Alexander Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Less focused on the economy, though </li></ul>
    3. 3. THE CONTENDERS (party leaders) <ul><li>DEMOCRATS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin Van Buren </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John C. Calhoun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James K. Polk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lewis Cass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen Douglas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WHIGS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Clay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daniel Webster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William H. Seward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thurlow Weed </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Whigs <ul><li>Believed (as with their predecessors) that the government should be used to further the social situations of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Focused less on the economy and more on how the government could “moralize” the American daily life. </li></ul><ul><li>Overall focused on “bigger government” policies </li></ul><ul><li>GENERALLY the more wealthy people, although there were supporters from every demographic </li></ul>
    5. 5. Whigs (cont.) <ul><li>Promoted (national) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roadwork </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asylums </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Very concerned with moral issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Democrats <ul><li>Supported individual freedom above all else </li></ul><ul><li>Feared elitism </li></ul><ul><li>GENERALLY people of more “humble” origins, but retained members from all social status </li></ul>
    7. 7. Democrats (cont.) <ul><li>Opposed most national programs supported by Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>No program that harmed (or created the perception of harming) freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed the national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Westward expansionists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoted forceful removal of Indians to the west </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Similarities <ul><li>Different social demographics within parties minimized radicalism stemming from individual social status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also preserved unity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultimately destroyed (both) by the issue of slavery (leading to the third [3rd] party system) </li></ul>

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