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  1. 1. The Second Great Awakening By: Colby
  2. 2. When & Where <ul><li>The Second Great Awakening began in the late 18th century and lasted until the middle of the 19th century. </li></ul><ul><li>This event took place in all parts of the United States. It was mainly in the Northeast and Midwest </li></ul>
  3. 3. Major People <ul><li>Charles Grandison Finney </li></ul><ul><li>Lyman Beecher </li></ul><ul><li>Barton Stone </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Cartwright </li></ul><ul><li>James B. Finley </li></ul>
  4. 4. About The Second Great Awakening <ul><li>The Second Great Awakening was a religious rival in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The Second Great Awakening is characterized by “camp meetings” and widespread conversion. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Peter Cartwright <ul><li>Peter Cartwright was the best known of the Methodist “circuit riders” or traveling frontier preachers. He called upon sinners to repent. He converted thousands of souls to the Lord. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lyman Beecher <ul><li>Bleecher was well known for being an anti-Catholicism. In 1834 he burned the Catholic Ursuline sisters convent. </li></ul><ul><li>Beecher started controversy by advocating new measures of evangelism that opposed traditional Calvinism </li></ul>
  7. 7. Charles Finney <ul><li>He was a congregationalist minister, who became an important figure in the Second Great Awakening. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been called &quot;The Father of Modern Revivalism&quot;.Finney was known for his preaching and religious meetings. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Barton Stone <ul><li>He was the first Presbyterian minister. </li></ul><ul><li>He came together with Alexander Campbell. </li></ul><ul><li>His followers were first called &quot;New Lights&quot; and &quot;Stoneites&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Later he and Campbell tried to bring people together by following the Scriptures. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Information about The Second Great Awakening <ul><li>In western NY, the revival encouraged new Restorationist and other denominations. </li></ul><ul><li>In the West, they supported the growth of the Methodists and Baptists. </li></ul><ul><li>The great revival quickly spread throughout Kentucky, Tennessee and southern Ohio. The Methodists had an organization that depended on ministers (circuit riders), who looked for people in remote frontier locations. </li></ul><ul><li>The circuit riders were common people, which helped them establish the frontier families that they wanted to convert. </li></ul>
  10. 10. FACTS <ul><li>Women out numbered men in the church. </li></ul><ul><li>Women started working in factories. </li></ul><ul><li>Men would go to the west to expand while the women are left at home. </li></ul><ul><li>Camp Meetings-huge rival that lasted many days. As many as 25,000 attended. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Causes <ul><li>Books were being written that attacked religions. </li></ul><ul><li>Philosphies of Universalism and Unitarianism were being spread. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas were weakened in churches. </li></ul><ul><li>Weakened traditional forms of religious practices. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Effects <ul><li>Many were affected by The Second Great Awakening. People felt they must bring God back into their daily lives. Many started to believe in predestination. </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks started to preach. </li></ul><ul><li>People went back to the traditional ways of church instead of the new “rational” Deism, Universalism, and Unitarianism. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The second great awakening <ul><li>The Second Great Awakening exercised a deep impact on American history. The growing differences within American religion reflected the growth and diversity of an expanding nation. </li></ul>