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  • I think that concussions are very serious and when you have hit your head on anything you should get checked out do to the significance of the affects that it has on the brain in the futureI’ve seen a few people with concussions, especially from football
  • The causes of a concussion is when their something hard hits the head and then the brain hits the skull which is then effected by the symptoms of a concussion. For the head to hit something hard while moving its not good for the brain because of the long term affects it has on the athlete. It does eventually affect the athlete in the classroom as well as on the playing field which is learning their assignments and knowing their task that they have to accomplish.
  • There are three levels of a concussion.
  • Grade 1 of a concussion is No loss of consciousness, short duration of post traumatic amnesia.concussion must stop participating. He or she can return to play only if the examiner determines that nervous system function is normal and if no symptoms (i.e., amnesia, post concussive syndrome) are displayed at rest and with exertion (e.g., running in place) for at least 20 minutes. Because another concussion during the same game is more likely now and can cause further damage, the doctor or ATC may consider barring the athlete from play that day.
  • Grade 2 is loss of consciousness (less than 5 minutes), amnesia up to 30 minutes concussion must stop participating in competition that day and must be re-examined by a doctor the next day. He or she can return to contact sports only if nervous system function is normal and no symptoms are present at rest and with exertion for at least one week. After a second Grade 2 concussion, the athlete cannot return to play for at least one month and may be barred from play for the season. Suffering a third Grade 2 concussion ends play for the season.
  • Grade 3 is loss of consciousness (more than 5 minutes), ext After a second Grade 3 concussion, the athlete must stop participating for the season and must consider not returning to any contact sport.
  • Everyone thinks that concussions happen to everyone not just “you”. Concussions can occur at anytime of the day and over the things that you might not think would be able to give you a concussion. Any blow to the head can cause you to have side effects or symptoms. The doctor/ trainer can diagnose you with a concussion no matter how well you think you feel after the blow to the head. Almost every sport have had an athlete been diagnosed with an concussion. Everyone thinks that the male sports have had more diagnosed concussions but female athletes have been proven to be more susceptible to concussions than males are in the same sports.
  • Boys and girls soccer have many ways that they could be diagnosed or receive a concussion. They could received a concussion by hitting the ball many times with their head that could have the brain bouncing against the skull. They sometimes miss when they’re trying to head a ball and hit someone else’s head instead. There are also collisions on the field.
  • This article is about a girl who attends Bridgewater, New Jersey is a very competitive athlete. She is one of the girls that absolutely loves what she does as an activity. She goes all out when it comes to her favorite sport which is soccer. But the one game that she was going all out she was going after the ball and another opponent was trying to do the same thing when all the sudden they went head to head and that’s when Melissa Inzitari could see every angle possible. After that hit she loss memory and all but was not knocked out so Melissa thought that she was perfectly
  • Basketball involves many things that could cause a concussion. Like throwing elbows when someone is on the court and they set up for a post and goes to spin off the defender and hit the athlete in the head. Another way is for the ball hitting the athlete in the head while someone is passing it to someone else and it accidently hit them in the head it could lead to damage to the head. Also some of the athletes are capable of diving out of balance to trying saving a ball from being out. So athletes dive and could possible hit their head on the floor or possible on the bleacher that are next to courts for the audience.
  • Track and field are very competitive because when you run the object is to run as fast as you can to get pass the finish line first. But when it comes to certain events you have to hop over objects and if you make a wrong step you could possible trip over that object and hit your head on the track and some of the tracks are stone and some are turf which either way you hit your head pretty hard and could cause a pretty bad concussion.
  • Wrestling is a very dangerous sport due to the slamming that occurs after awhile. When professional wrestlers actually slam each other all the time and hit each other over the head with chairs and other objects that could easily cause a concussion. This sport is definitely one of the difficult sports that could most likely anytime cause a concussion
  • When playing baseball there are many different things that could cause a concussion like getting hit in the head with a baseball while batting because of the helmet with not that much cushion in it and making the brain bounce against the skull which is counted as a concussion. Another way is when you’re a defender out in the field and a ball flies toward you and it bounces off your glove and hits you in the head or when the ball gets hit very hard to a third baseman and hits him directly in the head which the ball flies like 60 miles per hour toward you head.
  • Gymnastics is a very difficult sport because in your event you miss one of the spins a little to fast and falls off the beam and hits their head on the ground which some spots are protected by cushion but they could still hit their head so hard that could be diagnosed with a concussion. It takes a lot of balance but a lot of people have their bad days and lose the balance sometimes and could fall.
  • Football can contain dangerous hits that might cause server damage to the head. The hits that the NFL have been looking at to these day is for helmet to helmet contact. Helmet to helmet contact is so seriously taken right now because studies have shown that 275,ooo have been diagnosed with a concussion in one season during every season in football. It also shows that football is one of the most occurred concussions in the sport.
  • athletes are at high risk for suffering a concussion were male and female lacrosse, male and female soccer, and female basketball players. A possible explanation may be attributed to the nature of each sport. For example, soccer does not involve intentional collisions between players; however, incidental collisions occur frequently. Soccer players are often required to “head” the ball, but occasionally they miss the ball and strike their opponent's head. Although male lacrosse players are required to wear helmets, the higher incidence of concussions may be the result of their style of play. For example, male lacrosse players are permitted to make body contact with their opponents, which may result in a concussion. Female collegiate lacrosse players are not required to wear a helmet because the sport is classified as noncontact. However, unintentional collisions with opponents' heads or sticks may contribute to the high incidence of concussions.
  • There are a couple of ways that cheerleaders could get a concussion either know not a lot of people do in cheerleading at least no one hears about them. But first the stunts that the girls have to do because you have to watch out for the other girls that are doing flip on the mat and you have to time each other before going. The base girls are putting themselves in danger because they have to put their body in risk to make sure the flyer does not drop on the mat because that could lead to a major concussion due to the height the flyer extend to when thrown in the air. Also the flyers are the girls that are thrown in the air and they are at major risk also due to them being thrown in the air at a certain height and doing all kinds of flips and what not. Then they have to trust the base girls to catch them. If the base girls do not catch them they will be severely injured.
  • There are many different ways of getting a concussion in boxing. The constant hits in the face could easily diagnosed a boxer with a concussion. When you get hit in the face constantly it could slowing damage your brain especial in the future. Also when you get knocked down you could slam your head on the ground which is not very soft it self
  • http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_47X1sHegK0c/SvG1toZ3U7I/AAAAAAAABmg/fuwcCplAdvc/s1600-h/SportsInjuriesKidsStats[1].GIF
  • The jaw is very serious matter if you do not wear a mouth guard while your playing sports.The unprotected athlete takes a direct hit to the chin.  
The impact forces the lower jaw (Mandible) upward.  
The end of the lower jaw (Condyle) hits the base of the skull (Socket) causing the brain to move which results in a concussion. The American dental association recommends all of the following sports to wear mouth guards due to this issue with the jaw: Acrobatics, basketball, boxing, field hockey, football, gymnastics, hand ball, ice hockey, lacrosse, martial arts, racquetball, roller hockey, rugby, shot putting, skate boarding, skiing, skydiving, soccer, squash, surfing, volleyball, water polo, weight lifting, wrestling
  • This is one of the reasons that football is one of the highest rated diagnosed of concussion because the hits that had happen which is head to head contact is a really easy way to get a concussion because of the impact that is received from the defender. The athletes know that there could be very dangerous hits that could occur but when it happens so fast they do not understand that is a quicker way to be diagnosed with a concussion
  • Symptoms are something to take very seriously because if not then there will be more consequences in the future for that athlete due to not taking care of the symptoms.. When you see the following symptoms such as repeated vomiting, unequal pupils, confused mental state or varying levels of consciousness, and worse of all coma while or before being diagnosed with a concussion then most likely you have a concussion and the athlete is to go to a trainer/ doctor and get checked out because there are many concussions that have lead to more serious things if the concussion is not taken care off right away.
  • When any of the following symptoms are to appear if you have been or not diagnosed with a concussion these symptoms should be exchange for a phone call to 911 for farther assistance because they are symptoms that are not very easily taken care of by the athlete. So they should be taken to the hospital to figure out how serious the concussion is and what they need to do to heel the brain from anymore symptoms.
  • These are three different test/ exams that could be taken to evaluate the brain and to figure out how serious the concussion which are a neurologist examination, a head CT and a MRI on the head.
  • The neurologist examination makes sure that your nerves are working properly during their job and to identify an abnormality in the nervous system. To differentiated peripheral from central nervous system lesions. To establish internal consistency, i.e. does the patient cooperate fully? and are the findings in a specific patient only a variant of normality? This is one of the exams that are perform on athletes that have currently have a head injury or did. he brain can get bruised, blood vessels can be torn, and the nerves inside the brain can be injured. Its like blowing an engine in a car. Dr. Kelly says
  • The CT in head CT stands for Computerized Tomography. An head CT is like a detail x-ray of the cross-sections through the body. The CT scans can reveal hematomas, hemorrhages, and skull fractures giving the neurologist exactly the information necessary for deciding if emergency treatment is needed and exactly where.
  • Stands for magnetic resonance imaging, a narrow table that moves the patient through a tunnel-like structure. Inside the structure, radio waves pass through a magnetic field around the patient creating a 3-d image of the internal structures. You are not suppose to move not to much because if you move a lot then the radio waves will not pick up
  • If a concussion is so serve it might get called a different name do to the different effects it has on it. Second impact Syndrome, post concussion syndrome are the effects that a concussion could lead to if the concussions are not treated right. If you take care of the concussions when the trainer/doctors say then these names will not even pop up while you are in the office while getting a checkup on how the concussion is doing and more important how the athlete is doing.
  • Second impact syndrome is when a injury to head has occurred but has had another head injury happen to them before the symptoms from the last one has cleared. This would happen if the athlete has returned to their sport way to soon before the symptoms could resolve. Coaches and parents do not realize how important it is to make sure all of the symptoms resolve before going back to play their sport.
  • Post concussion syndrome occurs when the symptoms from the concussions have been going on for weeks, and months. This currently happens between seven to 10 days and will not last no longer then a month. Even though they can persist to a year and more most people last no more then three months.
  • If you go to sleep this could lead into more dangerous activities. This is to protect the athlete from having the concussion getting more serious then it is already. Also not waking back up could be another possibility if the athlete were to go to sleep while having a concussion. And if they do end up going to sleep then they should be woken up up another person to make sure there concussion has not gotten worse and most importantly that they wake up from their sleep
  • There are many myths about concussions if you don’t hear them already that concussion are only a problem in football well technically they are a problem in football with concussions but its not only football that concussions are a problem in. every sport that you play could or has had an athlete been diagnosed with or multiply concussions. Its not the one sport that has server contact.
  • Another myth is that its not really a concussion if you don’t get knocked out which is a complete wrong answer. A concussion is determined by the symptoms that occur with that athlete and how well they do on the exam that they have to take for the trainers. Concussions are proven to happen on anything that you do and how hard the blow to the head is.
  • There are large numbers that have covered the specific material that concussions get make on an athlete and how often get concussions and what the chances are getting one. If you wear the correct equipment then there are a slimmer chance of getting a concussion during your sport. There are high percentages for concussions so what many high school sports and now the NFL are doing is having a side line test that will determine if the head injury is a concussion.
  • Every year there are 300,000 athletes that get diagnosed with a concussion. Its not just one sport that is more dangerous then the other one but really there are greater chances then others but every sport has a great chance of getting a concussion.
  • Due to all of the sports that the country have in high school to keep children active the children take sports very serious. There are children that take the sports so serious because they are competitive in the sport that enjoy to play. There are some children that are very good at that sport and dominate that sport but when sports get competitive there are a lot of injuries and the injures are based around concussion. Studies have shown that there are 50% of high school athletes that have suffered a concussion. And maybe it was serve but you should always take a concussion serve and treat it as soon as you get diagnosed with one because it has a long term affect on the body in the future if not takin with care.
  • This movie is about a kid that is on the football and it is his senior year and he’s a quarterback. He knows when he gets hit on defense really hard he shakes up and plays the next round of downs until he gets hit really hard by a defender trying to sack him but when he goes head to head that ended his season. He had to go through three surgeries and he didn’t remember not one thing after the surgeries. He has not have had one job in his life and is now is supervised by a nurse. He is much slower now since the hit to the head in his football game. He doesn’t remember that he played football too. See this is the time when the kid as young adult
  • To prevent yourself from getting a concussion you must ware the proper equipment and make sure you check the equipment before you actually start to practice or play in a game. If you do not wear the proper equipment you it will affect you in the classroom and you will loss concentration on your school work and you probably have no interest. Also you get irritated very easily so if you do not take care of your safety pay attention to your equipment will be helpful
  • The big part about not getting or better your chances of not getting a concussion is using equipment that fits that athlete properly it cant be big on the athlete because its an easier way of receiving a concussion because it gives the head more room to shake the head, or possible injure other parts on the body. Mouth guards are one of the most important part of using your equipment because if you get hit in the mouth the shock that you would give you a concussion because of all the nerves. Also check the year that your equipment has been made in because of the year the materials have change over the years and the equipment have gotten more protective
  • H Sgp

    1. 1. CONCUSSIONS<br />By: Matthew Kline<br />
    2. 2. Overview<br />PowerPoint<br />Sport/ Interviews <br />Percentages in all sports<br />Application<br />Classroom Activity<br />
    3. 3. Personal relevance<br />
    4. 4. Audience relevance<br />People think that concussions are only diagnosed in football but they are just myths that they are hearing any sport that an athlete is participating in has still a risk of a concussion occurring to them.<br />
    5. 5. THESIS STATEMENT<br />Concussions have been happening more and more often in recent years due to the risks athletes take, but some of the dangers of this serious injury can be lessened with certain preventions.<br />
    6. 6. WHAT IS A CONCUSSION?<br />A concussion is a brain injury that might result in a bad headache or unconsciousness and can cause further problems<br />http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview?page=2<br />
    7. 7. Causes of a Concussion<br />When the head hits an object or a moving object strikes the head<br />Causes the brain to hit the skull<br />http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview?page=2<br />
    8. 8. Levels of a concussion<br />Grade 1<br />Grade 2<br />Grade 3<br />http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC233178/<br />
    9. 9. Grade 1<br />
    10. 10. Grade 2<br />
    11. 11. Grade 3<br />
    12. 12. WHO GETS HURT<br />“Don't just happen to professional players. Youth players suffer concussions too. “ (Brian Logue)<br />All sports<br />Male and female athletes<br />http://www.laxmagazine.com/sports/m-lacros/spec-rel/092807aac.html<br />
    13. 13. Soccer<br />Boys/ Girls<br />Ball hitting the head<br />Bumping <br />Girls<br />Second-most diagnosed concussions among all sports<br />http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/health/2010/jan/Concussion-or-Brain-Injury--Both-Are-Serious.html<br />
    14. 14. Case Study – Melissa Inzitari<br />http://sports.espn.go.com/espnmag/story?id=3958650<br />
    15. 15. Basketball<br />Throwing elbows <br />Ball hitting the head<br />Diving for a save<br />http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC233178/<br />
    16. 16. Interview – Ryan McGee<br />
    17. 17. Track & Field<br /><ul><li> Hurdles
    18. 18. High Jump
    19. 19. Pole Vault</li></li></ul><li>Interview – Breohn Anderson<br />
    20. 20. Wrestling<br /><ul><li> Slamming heads into mats
    21. 21. Head to head hits</li></li></ul><li>Baseball<br /><ul><li> Hit with pitch
    22. 22. Hit with batted ball
    23. 23. Sliding</li></li></ul><li>Interview – Mike Shannon<br />
    24. 24. Gymnastics<br /><ul><li> Balance Beam
    25. 25. Pommel Horse
    26. 26. Vault</li></li></ul><li>Football<br />More concussions have been diagnosed recently<br />Big hits<br />Repeated hits to the head<br />Effects later in life<br />275,000 have been diagnosed<br />
    27. 27. Interview – John Gonoude<br />
    28. 28. Lacrosse<br />GIRLS<br />BOYS<br />
    29. 29. Cheerleading<br />Stunts<br />Base<br />Flyers<br />http://blog.nj.com/hssportsextra/2010/01/kids_and_concussions_one_of_th.html<br />
    30. 30. Interview – Liz Salinas <br />
    31. 31. Constant hitting in the head<br />
    32. 32.
    33. 33. Jaw<br />
    34. 34. 275,000 diagnosed<br />
    35. 35. SYMPTOMS<br />There are many symptoms that indicate a concussion.<br />Repeating Vomiting<br />Unequal Pupils <br />Confused mental state or varying levels of consciousness.<br />Inability to wake up at all (Coma)<br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000799.htm<br />
    36. 36. EMERGENCY SYMPTOMS<br />Things to look out for when receiving a blow to the head. <br />Altered level of consciousness. <br />Muscle Weakness- on one or both sides<br />Repeated Confusion. <br />Remaining Unconsciousness.<br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000799.htm<br />
    37. 37. EXAMS AND TESTS<br />There are a couple test and exams to use for an athlete to determine how serious the concussion is.<br />A Neurologist Examination<br />Head CT<br />MRI on the head<br />http://www.headbraininjuries.com/brain-injuries-mri-ct-scan<br />
    38. 38. Testing the Nerves<br />
    39. 39. Head CT<br />
    40. 40. MRI Scan<br />http://www.headbraininjuries.com/brain-injuries-mri-ct-scan<br />
    41. 41. Possible Outcomes of a Concussion<br />Second Impact Syndrome<br />Post Concussion Syndrome<br />Possible Death<br />Determined by the significance of the concussion. <br />http://sportsmedicine.about.com/cs/head/a/aa020103a.htm<br />
    42. 42. Second Impact Syndrome<br />
    43. 43. Post Concussion Syndrome<br />
    44. 44. Treatment<br />Shall not go to sleep for the first couple of hours <br />To make sure concussion did not get worse<br />Could not wake back up<br />Can go to sleep if concussion is not serve but shall be woken<br />
    45. 45. MYTHS<br />As you hear there are many myth about concussions<br />Concussions are a problem only in football<br />
    46. 46. Myths continued<br /><ul><li>Its really not a concussion if you do not get knocked out.</li></li></ul><li>PERCENTAGE PER YEAR <br />Concussion occur occasionally during contact sports<br />Each year 300,000 people suffer concussions during sport activities.<br />50% of all high school players have suffered concussion<br />35% have had more than one<br />http://patients.aan.com/resources/neurologynow/?event=home.showArticle&id=ovid.com:/bib/ovftdb/01222928-200703050-00019<br />
    47. 47. 300,000 Suffer <br />
    48. 48. 50% of athletes<br />
    49. 49. EDUCATION<br />http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/02/03/concussions.teen.brains/index.html?hpt=<br />
    50. 50. PREVENTION<br />Education<br />Improved safety equipment<br />
    51. 51. Safety<br />Equipment<br />Mouth guards<br />Check years on the equipment <br />
    52. 52. ACTIVITY<br />Word Search<br />
    53. 53. Work Cited<br />Bell, Stephania. “Concussions: Common sense and conservative approach are the wise choice, especially in dealing with young athletes.” Outside The Lines (Feb. 2010): n. pag. Web. 11 May 2010.<br />Brody, Cheryl. “Heads Up!” CosmoGirl (Sept. 2008): n. pag. Gale’s Cengage Learning. Web. 29 Nov. 2009.<br />Brody, Jane E. “Concussion-Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Concussion.” The New York Times May 2010: n. pag. Web. 11 May 2010.<br />Burrows, Peter. “Don’t Put Me Back In, Coach.” Business Week (2005): n. pag. Gale’s Cengage Learning. Web. 28 Nov. 2009.<br />Caswell, Shane V., and Richard G. Deivert. “Lacrosse Helmet Designs and the Effects of Impact Forces.” Journal of Athletic Training (Spring 2002): n. pag. Web. 11 May 2010.<br />“Concussion: Risk factors.” MayoClinic.com. Mayo Clinic, 24 Mar. 2009. Web. 11 May 2010.<br />“Concussion ( Traumatic Brain Injury): Symptoms, Causes, Treatments.” WebMD. N.p., May 2010. Web. 11 May 2010.<br />
    54. 54. Covassin, Tracy, C. BuzSwanik, and Michael L. Sachs. “Sex Differences and the Incidence of Concussions Among Collegiate Athletes.” Journal of Athletic Training: n. pag. Web. July 2003.<br />Cummings, Dean P., M.D. “Concussions in Sports.” www.hughston.com/‌hha/‌a.concus.htm. Hughston Health Alert, n.d. Web. 11 May 2010.<br />Fresella, Nicole. “Heading For Trouble: Personal Account.” ESPN The Magazine 2010: No. 1. Web. 11 May 2010.<br /> <br />Brondou, Colleen. "Concussion or Brain Injury? Both Are Serious." findingDulcinea. January 19, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.<br />http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/health/2010/jan/Concussion-or-Brain-Injury--Both-Are-Serious.html<br />
    55. 55. Special Thanks To<br />Ryan McGee<br />Breohn Anderson<br />Liz Salinas<br />John Gonoude<br />Mike Shannon<br />Mrs. Durland<br />