Features of Canad a ’ s  I nnovation  S ystem d r. Mindaugas Ki skis mkiskis @mruni.eu ,  [email_address] www.kiskis.eu
Research project <ul><li>31 days in Canada, 3 provinces </li></ul><ul><li>3 2  interviews </li></ul><ul><li>diaspora meeti...
PROVINCE INSTITUTION Ontario (Toronto) Federal Trade Commissioner’s Office in Ontario Ontario Ministry of Research and Inn...
Some facts about Canada <ul><li>Nearly 2 percent of GDP is allocated to R&D  ( just above the OECD 2008 average, although ...
SCIENCE PUSH <ul><li>Federal  $11.7 billion  for science and technology  in the fiscal year 2010/2011. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
T he pillars of the Canada's innovation system <ul><li>attracting and retaining talent; </li></ul><ul><li>supporting world...
Canadian Innovation Roadmap
Govt centric approach <ul><li>Federal structure </li></ul><ul><li>ON -  Ministry of Research and Innovation </li></ul><ul>...
Distinctive features <ul><li>Business-government tandem at the core of most instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public ventu...
  Networks of Centres of Excellence <ul><li>40  focused  networks   of CoE </li></ul><ul><li>Focus areas: </li></ul><ul><u...
Multi cultural approach <ul><li>IPR: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities of Waterloo or Queen’s University lead the invento...
Translation of academic knowledge <ul><li>Translating technologies/knowledge and are not limited to pre-fixed translation ...
Risks <ul><li>Science failure risks </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency risks </li></ul><ul><li>Low technology absorption capacit...
Critical Self-reflection <ul><li>State of the Nation 2010 – Canada's Science, Technology and Innovation System – Report:  ...
What can LT learn? <ul><li>Instruments independent from public funding: </li></ul><ul><li>second chance grant approach </l...
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Features of Canada's Innovation System

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Features of Canada's Innovation System

  1. 1. Features of Canad a ’ s I nnovation S ystem d r. Mindaugas Ki skis mkiskis @mruni.eu , [email_address] www.kiskis.eu
  2. 2. Research project <ul><li>31 days in Canada, 3 provinces </li></ul><ul><li>3 2 interviews </li></ul><ul><li>diaspora meetings </li></ul>
  3. 3. PROVINCE INSTITUTION Ontario (Toronto) Federal Trade Commissioner’s Office in Ontario Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation MaRS Centre University of Toronto Rogers Canada Ontario (Kingston, London, Kitchener-Waterloo) Queens University PARTEQ University of Western Ontario Communitech W aterloo University Alberta (Edmonton) Alberta Ministry of Advanced Education and Technology TEC Edmonton, University of Alberta Alberta Innovates British Columbia (Kelowna, Vancouver) University of British Columbia (including University-Industry Liason Office) Premier’s Technology Council
  4. 4. Some facts about Canada <ul><li>Nearly 2 percent of GDP is allocated to R&D ( just above the OECD 2008 average, although lags the G7 average ) </li></ul><ul><li>F irst place in the G7 in the proportion of citizens with an education beyond high school </li></ul><ul><li>O ne of the most generous R&D tax credit programs in the world </li></ul><ul><li>B elow the OECD average in terms of business expenditures on research and developmen t </li></ul><ul><li>M ost of the Canadian R&D performed by the public universities and research centres </li></ul><ul><li>University performed R&D was 6.3 percent of total business funded R&D </li></ul>
  5. 5. SCIENCE PUSH <ul><li>Federal $11.7 billion for science and technology in the fiscal year 2010/2011. </li></ul><ul><li>The Canada Excellence Research Chairs (CERC) programme - $1.4 million annual award paid to the chairholders for seven years ; freedom to build the teams and acquire the tools they need to conduct world-class research. </li></ul>
  6. 6. T he pillars of the Canada's innovation system <ul><li>attracting and retaining talent; </li></ul><ul><li>supporting world-leading research; and </li></ul><ul><li>transforming discoveries into commercial success. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Canadian Innovation Roadmap
  8. 8. Govt centric approach <ul><li>Federal structure </li></ul><ul><li>ON - Ministry of Research and Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>AB – Alberta Ministry of Advanced Education and Technology , Alberta Innovates </li></ul><ul><li>BC – Premier‘s Technology Council, BC Innovation Council </li></ul>
  9. 9. Distinctive features <ul><li>Business-government tandem at the core of most instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public venture capital funds = co-investment vehicles matching the private capital, with no govt review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most grant and innovation advisory agencies in Canada are headed by people coming from business background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overlapping multi-layers of government support (second chance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad metrics, based on broader economic impact, rather than project ROI, patents or startup numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local championship (Perimeter Institute) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10.   Networks of Centres of Excellence <ul><li>40 focused networks of CoE </li></ul><ul><li>Focus areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health and Life Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information and Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing/Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-sectoral </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intellectual resource pooling and forcing academic cooperation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Multi cultural approach <ul><li>IPR: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities of Waterloo or Queen’s University lead the inventor owned policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Toronto or University of British Columbia pursue institution owned approach. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer functions are carried by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>independent business-like entity (PARTEQ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>quasi-independent structure (TEC Edmonton) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>integral university unit (UBC University-Industry Liaison Office). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrated sci-tech-park model </li></ul>
  12. 12. Translation of academic knowledge <ul><li>Translating technologies/knowledge and are not limited to pre-fixed translation vehicles (e.g. university relationship with the translation enterprise is not pre-fixed to equity or licenses) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated stud ies- entrepreneurship (UoW Velocity) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Risks <ul><li>Science failure risks </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency risks </li></ul><ul><li>Low technology absorption capacity among Canadian businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Bulk of the value from technologies developed in Canada based on public infrastructure and public capital is captured elsewhere </li></ul>
  14. 14. Critical Self-reflection <ul><li>State of the Nation 2010 – Canada's Science, Technology and Innovation System – Report: </li></ul><ul><li>Current best efforts are not getting [Canada] to where [it] want[s] to be. Looking ahead to a period of government restraint around the globe, Canada has the best opportunities to move forward provided industry seizes leadership in doing so . The job of those who partner with industry (including governments and higher education and research institutions) is to enable performance gains by adapting, consolidating and simplifying the policy instruments and mechanisms for collaborating with the private sector on innovation . </li></ul>
  15. 15. What can LT learn? <ul><li>Instruments independent from public funding: </li></ul><ul><li>second chance grant approach </li></ul><ul><li>integrated sci-tech - park model </li></ul><ul><li>university intellectual property autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>studies-entrepreneurship integration </li></ul><ul><li>More ? </li></ul>

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