Water, ecosystem services and nature:putting the ‘green’ into green economy_MKettunen
Water, ecosystem services and nature:
putting the ‘green’ into green economy
Senior policy analyst, Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) (London & Brussels)
Guest researcher at the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) (Helsinki)
The Future of Wetlands - 40 Years of Global Wetland Conservation
25 Oct 2011 Finlandia Hall, Helsinki, Finland
TEEB initiative (2008-2010): assessing the
value of biodiversity & ecosystem services
Demonstrate biodiversity, ecosystems & their services
have multiple values – to economy, society, communities,
business & individuals
Highlight the benefits (vs. costs) of protecting nature &
Show how to assess the value of bd and ES – and how it
can be used
Show how to integrate these values into everyday
Not appreciated by
- Adopted from TEEB Policy-makers 2009 / 2011, based on a presentation by Ben ten Brink -
Rockström et al. 2009. Planetaring boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity. Ecology and Society 14(2).
1. Recognising value: in addition to its intrinsic value,
nature supports all human wellbeing
2. Demonstrating value: in economic terms
(qualitative/ quantitative / monetary) to support decision
3. Capturing value: introduce mechanisms that
incorporate the values of ecosystems into decision
Source: TEEB final synthesis report 2010
Increasing system complexity
ecosystems, scales, no. of actors
Usefulness of economic valuation
Monetary valuations more
difficult / less robust
Monetary easier / more
Ethical / cultural
(c) J. Forster (UFZ), redrawn from O‘Connor and Frame (2008) in TEEB Foundations (2010), Chapter 4 .
How can valuation help wetland conservation?
• Advocacy & awareness raising: examples of benefits lost / costs
related to the loss of wetlands
• Concrete support to decision-making: enabling all values of
wetlands are accounted for (eg public, non-market values) →
identifying trade-offs, making more sustainable decisions
• Wetlands as an investment (eg. restoration): seeing wetlands as
green infrastructure that support both biodiversity and ecosystem
The Ramsar convention: a pioneer in
conservation & sustainable use of wetlands
Mission: “the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and
national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards
achieving sustainable development throughout the world”.
Wise use: “the maintenance of their ecological character, achieved
through the implementation of ecosystem approaches, within the context
of sustainable development”.
→ A strong and relevant legacy to build on!
Green infrastructure: opportunities for wetlands
Protected areas: benefits for biodiversity & water management
1/3 of the world’s 100 largest cities draw a
large part of their drinking water from PAs.
PAs & forests purify water for NY city = US$ 6
billion (total) savings in water treatment costs
80% of Quito’s drinking water originate from
Venezuela’s national PA system prevents
sedimentation that would reduce farm
earnings by around US$ 3.5 million/year.
• Costs of green infra < Costs of manmade
- See TEEB for national & international / local & regional policy makers 2010 for references -
Conclusions: wetlands & green economy
• A ‘truly green’ green economy rests on sustainably managing
natural capital, eg. wetlands.
• Ecosystem services provided by wetlands underpin / provide
opportunities for green economy.
• Investing in wetlands (green infrastructure) can lead to cost
savings, create business opportunities and - if appropriately
planned and implemented – provide win-wins for
biodiversity and socio-economic development.
Key messages to the Ramsar community:
• There is a need to identify / communicate / capture
the value(s) of wetland – to avoid future losses and
• Ramsar community is well placed to identify,
communicate and ‘market’ the best possible win-wins
for biodiversity & ecosystem services.
Starting now: TEEB for Water & Wetlands!
A joint effort between Ramsar, IUCN Water Programme and IEEP
to provide a targeted TEEB synthesis for water & wetlands.
Case studies, examples and cooperation with Nordic and Baltic
countries warmly welcomed!
For information & cooperation: please contact Marianne
Kettunen (email@example.com) and Andrew Farmer
Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP)
This presentation builds on the work carried out in the context of
TEEB for National & International / Local & Regional Policy-makers (2009 - 2010)
IEEP is an independent, not-for-profit institute dedicated to the
analysis, understanding and promotion of policies for
a sustainable environment in Europe.
See IEEP Manual of European Environmental Policy: http://www.europeanenvironmentalpolicy.eu/
Contribution to Governance solutions Understanding the value of nature
TEEB reports and TEEB Books
TEEB Interim Report
TEEB for Business
Climate Issues Update
TEEB for Local Policy
TEEB for Policy Makers
The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in
National and International Policy Making now
available from Earthscan
Edited By Pushpam Kumar (Univ. of Liverpool)
'A landmark study on one of the most pressing problems
facing society, balancing economic growth and ecological
protection to achieve a sustainable future.‘
Simon Levin, Moffett Professor of Biology, Department of
Ecology and Evolution Behaviour, Princeton University, USA
Edited By Patrick ten Brink (Institute for European environmental Policy, IEEP)
TEEB Reports: http://www.teebweb.org/
Summaries (in range of languages) and chapters
'This work is a landmark. It shows not only that we have been extraordinarily wasteful, destructive and
inefficient in our treatment of the natural environment but also how careful analysis and measurement can
help us change our ways towards a more productive and responsible relationship with our environment. It
provides a fundamental contribution which shows how careful attention to ecosystems and biodiversity can
help guide our response to the two defining challenges of our century: managing climate change and
Professor Nicholas Stern, London School of Economics