Distributed Learning Spaces                    in Higher Education Learning                             and Teaching      ...
Overview           n Provide    an overview of distributed learning               spaces           n Examine     seven p...
Schedule           n 1:00       - 2:30           n Trends      and challenges           n Framework    for designing le...
Introductions      n Personal    introductions          (University?; Role? One          goal? Number of ascilite        ...
What are the trends and                challenges we need to consider?                                                  5S...
CSIRO Megatrends                         On the move                         Personalisation                         IWorl...
University of the Future          n Democratisation of              knowledge and access          n Contestability   of ...
Horizon Reports                         8Sunday, 25 November 12       8
Trends       ‣    People expect to be able to work, learn, and            study whenever and wherever they want.       ‣  ...
Challenges       n Seamless    learning – people expect to be           able to work, learn, and study whenever          ...
What are spaces for knowledge              generation?                                              11Sunday, 25 November ...
Spaces for Knowledge   Generation        n Physical,       blended or virtual ‘areas’ that:              n   enhance lea...
What spaces are you and        your students utilising        for learning?                                  13Sunday, 25 ...
What is a framework for designing        student learning environments?      Distributed                     Seamless     ...
Access and Equity &                                                   ethical obligations      Equivalence of Learning Out...
Distributed Spaces           n Growing    acceptance that learning occurs in               different ‘places’           n...
Distributed                                    Learning Spaces                         Physical         Blended           ...
Distributed Learning      Spaces          n Book  Chapter: http://              www.slideshare.net/              mkeppell...
Seamless Learning          n Focuses   on the              continuity of the              learning journey          n Di...
Sunday, 25 November 12   20
Sunday, 25 November 12   21
Seven Principles of   Learning Space Design       n   The SKG project has established seven principles of            lear...
Seven Principles of Learning Space Design    •Equity: consideration of the needs of cultural and        physical differenc...
Physical Learning Spaces                                                    24Sunday, 25 November 12                      ...
CSU Albury-Wodonga Learning commonsSunday, 25 November 12                                    25
Comfort                         Aesthetics                             Flow                            Equity             ...
FlowSunday, 25 November 12          27
Apple - Cupertino training RoomSunday, 25 November 12                                     28
Wallenberg Hall - Stanford UniversitySunday, 25 November 12                                29
Affordances? - BlendingSunday, 25 November 12                             30
Discipline                         Pedagogies                          ‘Plasma to                         Chalkboard’     ...
MIT - STATA center - EDDY SpacesSunday, 25 November 12                                32
Technology-enhanced Active Learning (TEAL)                        Centre                Affordances - BlendingSunday, 25 N...
Comfort                           Aesthetics                              Flow                             Equity         ...
AffordancesSunday, 25 November 12                 35
Sunday, 25 November 12   36
Virtual Learning Spaces                                            37Sunday, 25 November 12                           37
Virtual Learning Spaces    n Virtual  learning spaces provide unique         opportunities that are unavailable in       ...
Virtual Learning                                    Spaces                         Blending - Affordances - Equity?Sunday,...
Virtual Spaces   n   FLI Website: http://www.csu.edu.au/division/landt/        flexible-learning/   n   FLI Blog: http:/...
Sunday, 25 November 12   41
Sunday, 25 November 12   42
Aesthetics                           Blending                         AffordancesSunday, 25 November 12                 43
Academic Learning Spaces                                    44Sunday, 25 November 12                   44
Academic Learning Spaces              Physical, blended or virtual ‘areas’ that:           n enhance academic ‘work’     ...
Discursive Spaces      n Intellectual and discursive spaces focus on the         contribution to public discourse in area...
Epistemological Spaces      n Epistemological     spaces focus on the         “space available for academics to pursue   ...
Pedagogical and Curricular Spaces        n Pedagogical    and curricular spaces           focus on the spaces available t...
Sunday, 25 November 12   49
Sunday, 25 November 12   50
Ontological Spaces          n Ontological  spaces focus on ‘academic being’             which is becoming increasingly mu...
Barnett, R. (2011).                         Being a university. New                         York: Routledge.Sunday, 25 Nov...
Outdoor Learning Spaces                                            53Sunday, 25 November 12                           53
Sunday, 25 November 12   54
Outdoor Learning Spaces     These pathways, thoroughfares     and occasional rest areas are     generally given a function...
Sunday, 25 November 12   56
Sunday, 25 November 12   57
Sunday, 25 November 12   58
Mobile Learning Spaces                                           59Sunday, 25 November 12                          59
Mobile Learning Spaces  n “Learning  when mobile means      that context becomes all-      important since even a simple ...
Mobile Learning Spaces    n With its strong emphasis on learning rather       than teaching, mobile learning challenges  ...
Evaluating our current                  space                                           62Sunday, 25 November 12          ...
Seven Principles -   Questions           n http://mike-keppell.blogspot.co.nz/2012/04/               questions-to-conside...
Sunday, 25 November 12   64
Keppell &                           Riddle                         (in-press)Sunday, 25 November 12                65
How do we meet student                         needs and improve the                         learning environment?        ...
Sunday, 25 November 12   67
Personal Learning Spaces                                             68Sunday, 25 November 12                            68
Personal Learning Environments                                  Interactions                         Spaces               ...
Personal Learning Spaces       ‣   Personal Learning Environments (PLE)           integrate formal and informal learning  ...
Sunday, 25 November 12   71
Sunday, 25 November 12   72
Sunday, 25 November 12   73
Connectivism       ‣   PLE may also require new ways of learning as           knowledge has changed to networks and       ...
Personal Learning Environments                                  Interactions                         Spaces               ...
Sunday, 25 November 12   76
Sunday, 25 November 12   77
Sunday, 25 November 12   78
Affordances                                       79Sunday, 25 November 12                      79
Action Possibilities       n Learning           commons       n Specific          outdoor space       n Your           ...
Conclusion       n A  global revolution is taking place in tertiary           education. The traditional concept of the l...
82Sunday, 25 November 12        82
literacies for the future    mobility    digital communities    learning spaces    personalised learning                  ...
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Distributed Learning spaces

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Distributed Learning spaces

  1. 1. Distributed Learning Spaces in Higher Education Learning and Teaching ascilite 2012 - Wellington Professor Mike Keppell Executive Director Australian Digital Futures Institute 1Sunday, 25 November 12 1
  2. 2. Overview n Provide an overview of distributed learning spaces n Examine seven principles of learning space design n Explore affordances of learning spaces 2Sunday, 25 November 12 2
  3. 3. Schedule n 1:00 - 2:30 n Trends and challenges n Framework for designing learning spaces (distributed learning spaces, seamless learning, principles) n 2:30 - 2:45 Afternoon tea n 2:45 - 4:00 n Personal learning spaces n Affordances of learning spaces 3Sunday, 25 November 12 3
  4. 4. Introductions n Personal introductions (University?; Role? One goal? Number of ascilite conferences attended? A favourite space?) n My background (University?; Role? One goal? Number of ascilite conferences attended?) 4Sunday, 25 November 12 4
  5. 5. What are the trends and challenges we need to consider? 5Sunday, 25 November 12 5
  6. 6. CSIRO Megatrends On the move Personalisation IWorld 6Sunday, 25 November 12 6
  7. 7. University of the Future n Democratisation of knowledge and access n Contestability of markets and funding n Digital technologies n Global mobility n Integration with industry 7Sunday, 25 November 12 7
  8. 8. Horizon Reports 8Sunday, 25 November 12 8
  9. 9. Trends ‣ People expect to be able to work, learn, and study whenever and wherever they want. ‣ The abundance of resources and relationships will challenge our educational identity. ‣ Students want to use their own technology for learning. ‣ Shift across all sectors to online learning, hybrid learning and collaborative models. ‣ 9Sunday, 25 November 12 9
  10. 10. Challenges n Seamless learning – people expect to be able to work, learn, and study whenever and wherever they want. n Digital literacies – capabilities which fit an individual for living, learning and working in a digital society (JISC) n Personalisation - our learning, teaching, place of learning, technologies will be individualised n Digital scholarship will be the norm. 10Sunday, 25 November 12 10
  11. 11. What are spaces for knowledge generation? 11Sunday, 25 November 12 11
  12. 12. Spaces for Knowledge Generation n Physical, blended or virtual ‘areas’ that: n enhance learning n that motivate learners n promote authentic learning interactions n Spaces where both teachers and students optimize the perceived and actual affordances of the space (Keppell & Riddle, 2012). 12Sunday, 25 November 12 12
  13. 13. What spaces are you and your students utilising for learning? 13Sunday, 25 November 12 13
  14. 14. What is a framework for designing student learning environments? Distributed Seamless Learning Learning Spaces Principles 14Sunday, 25 November 12 14
  15. 15. Access and Equity & ethical obligations Equivalence of Learning Outcomes traverses physical, blended and Student Learning Experience virtual learning spaces. ‘place’ of learning is diverse learning outcomes, subject, Constructive Alignment degree program, generic attributes Discipline Pedagogies specific needs of disciplinesSunday, 25 November 12 15
  16. 16. Distributed Spaces n Growing acceptance that learning occurs in different ‘places’ n Proliferation of approaches emerging including ‘flexible’, ‘open’, ‘distance’ and ‘off- campus’ that assist the ubiquity of learning in a wide range of contexts (Lea & Nicholl, 2002). n Growing acceptance of life-long and life- wide learning also have a major influence on distributed learning spaces. 16Sunday, 25 November 12 16
  17. 17. Distributed Learning Spaces Physical Blended Virtual Formal Informal Formal Informal Mobile Personal Academic Professional Outdoor Practice 17Sunday, 25 November 12 17
  18. 18. Distributed Learning Spaces n Book Chapter: http:// www.slideshare.net/ mkeppell/distributed- spaces-for-learning 18Sunday, 25 November 12 18
  19. 19. Seamless Learning n Focuses on the continuity of the learning journey n Different places and spaces n Diverse technologies 19Sunday, 25 November 12 19
  20. 20. Sunday, 25 November 12 20
  21. 21. Sunday, 25 November 12 21
  22. 22. Seven Principles of Learning Space Design n The SKG project has established seven principles of learning space design which support a collaborative and student-centred approach to learning: n Comfort: a space which creates a physical and mental sense of ease and well-being n Aesthetics: pleasure which includes the recognition of symmetry, harmony, simplicity and fitness for purpose n Flow: the state of mind felt by the learner when totally involved in the learning experience 22Sunday, 25 November 12 22
  23. 23. Seven Principles of Learning Space Design •Equity: consideration of the needs of cultural and physical differences •Blending: a mixture of technological and face-to-face pedagogical resources •Affordances: the “action possibilities” the learning environment provides the users, including such things as kitchens, natural light, wifi, private spaces, writing surfaces, sofas, and so on. •Repurposing: the potential for multiple usage of a space (Souter, Riddle, Keppell, 2010) (http:// www.skgproject.com) 23Sunday, 25 November 12 23
  24. 24. Physical Learning Spaces 24Sunday, 25 November 12 24
  25. 25. CSU Albury-Wodonga Learning commonsSunday, 25 November 12 25
  26. 26. Comfort Aesthetics Flow Equity Blending Affordances RepurposingSunday, 25 November 12 26
  27. 27. FlowSunday, 25 November 12 27
  28. 28. Apple - Cupertino training RoomSunday, 25 November 12 28
  29. 29. Wallenberg Hall - Stanford UniversitySunday, 25 November 12 29
  30. 30. Affordances? - BlendingSunday, 25 November 12 30
  31. 31. Discipline Pedagogies ‘Plasma to Chalkboard’ for Physics Professors RepurposingSunday, 25 November 12 31
  32. 32. MIT - STATA center - EDDY SpacesSunday, 25 November 12 32
  33. 33. Technology-enhanced Active Learning (TEAL) Centre Affordances - BlendingSunday, 25 November 12 33
  34. 34. Comfort Aesthetics Flow Equity Blending Affordances RepurposingSunday, 25 November 12 34
  35. 35. AffordancesSunday, 25 November 12 35
  36. 36. Sunday, 25 November 12 36
  37. 37. Virtual Learning Spaces 37Sunday, 25 November 12 37
  38. 38. Virtual Learning Spaces n Virtual learning spaces provide unique opportunities that are unavailable in physical learning spaces n These affordances or ‘action possibilities’ allow a richer range of learning interactions 38Sunday, 25 November 12 38
  39. 39. Virtual Learning Spaces Blending - Affordances - Equity?Sunday, 25 November 12 39
  40. 40. Virtual Spaces n FLI Website: http://www.csu.edu.au/division/landt/ flexible-learning/ n FLI Blog: http://blendedandflexiblelearning.blogspot.com/ n FLI Twitter: http://twitter.com/#!/FLINews n FLI Delicious: http://www.delicious.com/ flexiblelearninginstitute n Design: http://blendedandflexiblelearning.wikispaces.com/ home n FLI YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/user/FLIMedia n Slidehare: http://www.slideshare.net/mkeppell 40Sunday, 25 November 12 40
  41. 41. Sunday, 25 November 12 41
  42. 42. Sunday, 25 November 12 42
  43. 43. Aesthetics Blending AffordancesSunday, 25 November 12 43
  44. 44. Academic Learning Spaces 44Sunday, 25 November 12 44
  45. 45. Academic Learning Spaces Physical, blended or virtual ‘areas’ that: n enhance academic ‘work’ n that motivate academic ‘work’ n enable networking n Spaces where academics optimize the perceived and actual affordances of the space. 45Sunday, 25 November 12 45
  46. 46. Discursive Spaces n Intellectual and discursive spaces focus on the contribution to public discourse in areas such as: n e.g. presentations, media, advising, translating research into practical benefits, community involvement, etc n MOOCs? 46Sunday, 25 November 12 46
  47. 47. Epistemological Spaces n Epistemological spaces focus on the “space available for academics to pursue their own research interests” (p. 76). n e.g. labs, libraries, collaborations and networking with university colleagues 47Sunday, 25 November 12 47
  48. 48. Pedagogical and Curricular Spaces n Pedagogical and curricular spaces focus on the spaces available to trial new pedagogical approaches and new curricular initiatives. n e.g. physical and virtual sandpits, working groups, meetings, etc n MOOCs? 48Sunday, 25 November 12 48
  49. 49. Sunday, 25 November 12 49
  50. 50. Sunday, 25 November 12 50
  51. 51. Ontological Spaces n Ontological spaces focus on ‘academic being’ which is becoming increasingly multi-faceted beyond the research, teaching and community commitments. In fact “the widening of universities’ ontological spaces may bring both peril and liberation” (p. 77). n MOOCs? n e.g.diverse roles may include: academic staff developer, professional developer, manager, administrator, facilitator, teacher, researcher, evaluator, presenter, writer, editor, consultant, project manager, change agent and innovator. 51Sunday, 25 November 12 51
  52. 52. Barnett, R. (2011). Being a university. New York: Routledge.Sunday, 25 November 12 52
  53. 53. Outdoor Learning Spaces 53Sunday, 25 November 12 53
  54. 54. Sunday, 25 November 12 54
  55. 55. Outdoor Learning Spaces These pathways, thoroughfares and occasional rest areas are generally given a functional value in traffic management and are more often than not developed as an after thought in campus design. As such the thoroughfares and rest areas are under valued (or not recognized) as important spaces for teaching and learning (Rafferty, 2012).Sunday, 25 November 12 55
  56. 56. Sunday, 25 November 12 56
  57. 57. Sunday, 25 November 12 57
  58. 58. Sunday, 25 November 12 58
  59. 59. Mobile Learning Spaces 59Sunday, 25 November 12 59
  60. 60. Mobile Learning Spaces n “Learning when mobile means that context becomes all- important since even a simple change of location is an invitation to revisit learning” (ALT-J Vol 17, No.3 p.159) 60Sunday, 25 November 12 60
  61. 61. Mobile Learning Spaces n With its strong emphasis on learning rather than teaching, mobile learning challenges educators to try to understand learners’ needs. n Understanding how learning takes place beyond the classroom, and n Intersection of education, life, work and leisure” (Kukulska-Hulme, 2010, p.181). 61Sunday, 25 November 12 61
  62. 62. Evaluating our current space 62Sunday, 25 November 12 62
  63. 63. Seven Principles - Questions n http://mike-keppell.blogspot.co.nz/2012/04/ questions-to-consider-in-learning-space.html 63Sunday, 25 November 12 63
  64. 64. Sunday, 25 November 12 64
  65. 65. Keppell & Riddle (in-press)Sunday, 25 November 12 65
  66. 66. How do we meet student needs and improve the learning environment? 66Sunday, 25 November 12 66
  67. 67. Sunday, 25 November 12 67
  68. 68. Personal Learning Spaces 68Sunday, 25 November 12 68
  69. 69. Personal Learning Environments Interactions Spaces Tools PLE People Interactions Interactions 69Sunday, 25 November 12 69
  70. 70. Personal Learning Spaces ‣ Personal Learning Environments (PLE) integrate formal and informal learning spaces ‣ Customised by the individual to suit their needs and allow them to create their own identities. ‣ A PLE recognises ongoing learning and the need for tools to support life-long and life- wide learning. 70Sunday, 25 November 12 70
  71. 71. Sunday, 25 November 12 71
  72. 72. Sunday, 25 November 12 72
  73. 73. Sunday, 25 November 12 73
  74. 74. Connectivism ‣ PLE may also require new ways of learning as knowledge has changed to networks and ecologies (Siemens, 2006). ‣ The implications of this change is that improved lines of communication need to occur. ‣ “Connectivism is the assertion that learning is primarily a network-forming process” (p. 15). 74Sunday, 25 November 12 74
  75. 75. Personal Learning Environments Interactions Spaces Tools PLE People Interactions Interactions 75Sunday, 25 November 12 75
  76. 76. Sunday, 25 November 12 76
  77. 77. Sunday, 25 November 12 77
  78. 78. Sunday, 25 November 12 78
  79. 79. Affordances 79Sunday, 25 November 12 79
  80. 80. Action Possibilities n Learning commons n Specific outdoor space n Your mobile phone n Your tablet/ipad n Virtual synchronous space n Virtual asynchronous space n Choose your own space 80Sunday, 25 November 12 80
  81. 81. Conclusion n A global revolution is taking place in tertiary education. The traditional concept of the lecture room is being redefined as digital and distance education becomes the "new normal" (Mark Brown, Dominion Post). n It is time that we begin changing our thinking about the ‘place’ of learning for both learners and staff. n We need to let go of the tradition of universities as being a ‘singular place’ where learning and teaching occurs. n Distributed learning spaces are the future. 81Sunday, 25 November 12 81
  82. 82. 82Sunday, 25 November 12 82
  83. 83. literacies for the future mobility digital communities learning spaces personalised learning 83Sunday, 25 November 12 83

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