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6 2

  1. 1. 6.2 Why are some countries richer than others?
  2. 2. Which country is more developed? Why do some countries less developed? The USA Ethiopia (Source: World Vision Hong Kong)
  3. 3. Why is Ethiopia less developed? Ethiopia is a less developed country. Do you know why? Let’s find out the reasons from the footage provided! Please click below to view footage
  4. 4. Why is Ethiopia less developed? Population and natural resources Education and technology Political conditions and natural disasters It is because of…
  5. 5. Education and technology The vicious cycle of poverty Hinders Economic development Low level of education. Only know how to farm with simple tool Low income A lot of money is spent on feeding the people Large population Not much money is left for education and technological development Slow advancement in technology and low level of education
  6. 6. Political conditions and natural disasters There are serious political unrest and civil wars in Ethiopia! Political unrest and civil war interrupted the production and economic activities. Are you happy with these conditions?
  7. 7. Much money was spent on… Political conditions and natural disasters Weapons and the military Corruption
  8. 8. A long and severe period of drought. Political conditions and natural disasters Serious natural hazards hinder economic development of Ethiopia. For example: What natural hazard has killed millions of Ethiopians? (Source: Oxfam Hong Kong) (Source: Oxfam Hong Kong)
  9. 9. The end
  10. 10. Population size and resources Which country is less developed? You should not just study the absolute amount! Resources per capita is also important! Can you calculate the resources per capita for these two countries? 1.1 1,015 109,939.2 2,814,336 10.8 178.6 1 9.6 67.2 288 Coal resources (tonnes) Water resources (m 3 ) Arable (hectares) Land area (million km 2 ) Population (million) (2002) Ethiopia The USA
  11. 11. Population size and resources 0.62 9,772 3.52 0.16 1,636 0.02 Look at the figures. Which country has fewer natural resources? There are (more / fewer) natural resources available for Ethiopia to develop. 0.03 0.01 Coal reserves per capita (tonnes) Water resources per capita (m 2 ) (2000) Arable land per capita (hectares) (1999-2001) Land area per capita (hectares) Ethiopia The USA
  12. 12. Population characteristics the ____________ of different age groups. A population pyramid shows the population structure of a country. This includes: the _____ ratio. proportion sex Population structure Level of development Affects
  13. 13. We usually divide the population pyramid into _______ groups three What does the population pyramid of Ethiopia show? It has a _______ base This means it has a large proportion of __________ and a _______ birth rate An ___________ population broad children high expanding Population characteristics Children 0-14 Adult 15-64 Elderly 65+
  14. 14. Children 0-14 Adult 15-64 Elderly 65+ Dependency population Dependency population Working population Population characteristics Which two groups are dependency populations? Which group is working population? What is the dependency ratio of Ethiopia? 3% 52.3% 44.7% Working population Children Elderly
  15. 15. _______________________________________________ % of children Dependency ratio = + % of elderly % of the working population  100 ________ 47.7% = 52.3%  100 91.2 = Population characteristics 3% 44.7% 52.3%
  16. 16. The working population has to support a (small / large) population who is too young or too old to work. Ethiopia has to support (large / small) amount of children. economic Few resources are left for __________ development. Population characteristics A high dependency ratio: