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Philippine Envaironmental Impact System System. This my presentation in one of my subject Mining 103.. i tried my best just to finish this.. although this report did not cover all the sections in the PEISS.

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  2. 2. TERMS • PEISS - Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System • EIS - Environmental Impact Statement • EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment • ECP - Environmentally Critical Project • ECA - Environmentally Critical Area • IEE - Initial Environmental Examination
  3. 3. • ECC – Environmental Compliance Certificate • ERA – Environmental Risk Assessment • EIARC – EIA Review Committee • EMP – Environmental Management Plan • EMF –Environmental Monitoring Fund • DENR – Department of Environment and Natural Resources • EMB – Environmental Management Bureau • RED – Regional Executive Director
  4. 4. EIS • An Environmental Impact Statement is a document prepared to describe the effects for proposed activities on the environment. • An EIS describes impacts, as well as ways to "mitigate" impacts. To "mitigate" means to lessen or remove negative impacts.
  5. 5. The PEISS • Provides legal and procedural framework for conducting an EIA for projects likely to have significant environmental impact. • Designed to safeguard the environment and natural resources in the fast growing industrialization and urbanization.
  6. 6. The PEISS • Established in 1978 through PD 1586 that designates DENR, EMB and DENR Regional office as the implementing agency.
  7. 7. Backgrounds(EIA Laws) • PD 1151 (1977) – Philippine Environmental Policy • PD 1586 (1978) – Establishment of the Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System (PEISS) w/ the then National Environmental Protection Council (NEPC) as the lead agency
  8. 8. Backgrounds(EIA Laws) • Administrative Order 42 (2002) – Rationalizing the Implementation of the Philippine EIS System giving authority, in addition to the DENR Secretary, to the EMB Central and Regional Office Directors to grant or deny issuance of ECCs
  9. 9. Backgrounds(EIA Laws) • DENR Administrative Order (DAO) 96-37 - highlights the importance of public participation and social acceptability in the environmental review process.
  10. 10. Backgrounds(EIA Laws) • PP 2146 (1981) – Proclaims certain areas and types of projects as environmentally critical & w/in the scope of the Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System (PEISS)
  11. 11. The System: Coverage and Procedures • The EIS system requires completion of an EIA and preparation of an EIS report for any environmentally critical project (ECP) or any project located in an environmentally critical area (ECA).
  12. 12. Environmentally Critical Projects (ECP) • Heavy Industries • Resource Extractive Industries • Infrastructure Projects • Golf Course Pr0jects • Others
  13. 13. Environmentally Critical Areas (ECA) • National parks, watershed, wildlife preserves, and sanctuaries declared by law. • Tourist Spots • Habitats of endangered or threatened species • Areas traditionally occupied by IP’s and cultural communities • Areas classified as prime agricultural lands • Areas frequently hit by natural calamities
  14. 14. Projects not covered under the EIS system include: • Projects that are not ECPs or not located in ECA • Projects or structures that have been operating or existing since 1982, even if they are ECPs or in an ECA.
  15. 15. • DENR determines whether a proposal is an ECP or will be implemented in an ECA; if either or both of these conditions apply, then the proposal is required to secure an (ECC)
  16. 16. Overview of the national EIS system
  17. 17. Local Government Unit (LGU) • The LGU should facilitate community participation through public outreach. • It is the best interest of the stakeholders to design or choose the best development and mitigation options or to encourage DENR to deny an ECC if the project does not meet environmental standards.
  18. 18. Review process for environmentally critical projects • Proponents of projects classified as ECPs are required to conduct an EIA study and to submit an EIS report to DENR’s EMB. The following are basic steps in the EIA process for these types of projects.
  19. 19. EIA scoping: Ensuring stakeholder participation. • Scoping helps all parties understand the level of analysis required, specify the alternatives to be evaluated, identify potential impacts, and suggest possible mitigation and monitoring measures that should be addressed
  20. 20. Assessing environmental and socioeconomic impacts. • The EIA should include evaluation of the proposed project’s environmental and socioeconomic impacts and should identify alternatives (including the no- action alternative) and mitigation measures to reduce project impact.
  21. 21. Reporting and planning • The proponent or consultants certified by DENR accomplish the required studies and prepare the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)
  22. 22. Review • The EIS is submitted to DENR’s EMB, which then forwards it to the EIA Review Committee (EIARC) for evaluation. The EMB will not accept an EIS document for review if it is incomplete or not adequately organized.
  23. 23. Outline of the EIS Document • EIS Summary • Project Description • Summary of Scoping Agreements • Baseline Environmental Conditions • Impact Assessment and Analysis • Environmental Management Program/Plan • Supporting Documents • Proposals for Environmental Monitoring and Guarantee fund • Accountability Statement
  24. 24. ECC • certifies that the project proponent has complied with the procedures of the EIS System. For ECPs, the EIS together with the Committee’s report is sent to the Director of the EMB, who in turn forwards documents and recommendations to the Secretary of DENR within 15 days.
  25. 25. Monitoring • Monitoring is usually initiated before construction starts and continues through project construction and project operation.
  26. 26. Review Process for projects in ECA • The review of the proposal development is conducted through DENR offices and consist of the following steps.
  27. 27. Steps and timetable for review of projects in ECAs
  28. 28. Initial environmental examination. (IEE) • The IEE contains a brief project description, expected impacts, and measures to be undertaken to control, manage, or minimize impacts on the environment.
  29. 29. • The EIS for a project in ECA’s is subjected to similar review as an EIS prepared for ECP, but at the regional level. • The RED determines whether an ECC will be granted or denied.
  30. 30. Social acceptability and public participation The EIS System has provisions for public involvement and consultation. • Public consultation • Public hearings • Alternative dispute or conflict resolution • Public information
  31. 31. LGU involvement • At the local level, the following steps should be followed by the LGU to assess impacts of proposed projects: • Screening • Scoping • Analysis and EIA report • EIS and project decisions • ECC and environmental management plan • Environmental monitoring and compliance
  32. 32. Considerations in the Analysis of ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS • DIRECT IMPACTS • INDIRECT (including Induced) IMPACTS • CUMULATIVE IMPACTS
  33. 33. INDIRECT AND INDUCED IMPACTS AS A RESULT OF CASCADE OF EFFECTS Land Clearing Soil Erosion loss of farm products sediment delivery turbidity siltation of reservoir damage to fisheries nutrient depletion nutrients in run-off aquatic weeds grow and die Lowered dissolved oxygen
  34. 34. • References: – S%20PDF/PD1586.pdf – S%20PDF/PD1586.pdf – ndex.cfm – ppine_environment_impact_statement_system _and_what_it_entails.html
  35. 35. THANK YOU!!