Perspectives on E-Learning: Developmentand Challenges of K-12   Online Learning      Michael K. Barbour     Wayne State Un...
History of K-12 Distance Education
History of K-12 Online Learning
2005 with 300,000 & now have                                  12,000,000 taking online        Virtual                   co...
Virtual School Around the World• United Kingdom                        • South Koreaseveral online                        ...
Virtual School Environment
Development• design instructional materials  Three with teachers and aVirtual School Teachers• works in team              ...
Research on Virtual School Designer• Barbour (2005; 2007);  Barbour & Cooze  (2004); Cooze &  Barbour (2007)• Keeler (2004...
Research on Virtual School Teacher• DiPietro, Ferdig, Black  & Preston (2008)• Murphy & Coffin  (2003); Murphy &  Rodrigue...
• Davis, Compton, Niederhauser,  Lindstrom (2005); Davis, Research on Virtual School Site Facilitator  Demiraslan & Wortma...
Future Research• Investigate what constitutes   effective web-based design for   adolescent learners• Explore effective sy...
A Methodology for Future Research• Better approaches -> DESIGN-BASED RESEARCH1. Analysis of practical problems by   resear...
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SITE 2010 - Perspectives on E-Learning: Development and Challenges of K-12 Online Learning

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Marshall, J., Barbour, M. K., Adiguzel, T., Costello, R. & Wood, L. (2010, March). Perspectives on e-learning: A symposium. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Diego, CA.

Distance education has been around for well over a century. Unknown to many, educators in the K-12 environment have been using distance education for almost as long. The same is true of e-learning, as K-12 educators have been utilizing e-learning for almost as long as educators in the post-secondary environment. The organization of these e-learning opportunities into virtual or cyber schools began around the mid-1990s in North America. However, the literature and research in K-12 e-learning or K-12 online learning has not kept pace. Primarily focused on practitioner reports or addressing the concerns about the ability of online learning to provide the same quality of education (Cavanaugh, Barbour & Clark, 2009), the amount of data-driven research into the design and delivery – as well as how best to support – K-12 online learning has been lacking. This paper focuses on the development of these K-12 online learning programs and discusses some of the challenges faced by researchers.

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SITE 2010 - Perspectives on E-Learning: Development and Challenges of K-12 Online Learning

  1. 1. Perspectives on E-Learning: Developmentand Challenges of K-12 Online Learning Michael K. Barbour Wayne State University
  2. 2. History of K-12 Distance Education
  3. 3. History of K-12 Online Learning
  4. 4. 2005 with 300,000 & now have 12,000,000 taking online Virtual coursesNew Zealandnational School Around LearningWorldalong the Network, Virtual with online courses from the• China Correspondence School - less than 1% - national Virtual Learning• Iran Network, along with online courses from the - many private companies Correspondence School offering MOE approved courses • national Virtual Learning Network, along with online• Japan courses from the - one correspondence school Correspondence School offering online course - national Virtual Learning Network, along with online courses from the Correspondence SchoolPowell & Patrick (2006) • national Virtual Learning Network, along with online courses from the
  5. 5. Virtual School Around the World• United Kingdom • South Koreaseveral online forms of DE, including the - A School Without Walls Cyber Home Learning System offers A level & GCSC courses primarily to adults - National Academy for Gifted and Talented Youth offers ‣ No real other K-12 online some online courses learning initiativesMany online school support initiatives• Australia - several DE programs offering online learning• Finland - Small national virtual school
  6. 6. Virtual School Environment
  7. 7. Development• design instructional materials Three with teachers and aVirtual School Teachers• works in team Roles of virtual school to construct the online course, etc.Virtual School Teacher: Pedagogy & Class Management• presents activities, manages pacing, rigor, etc.• interacts with students and their facilitators• undertakes assessment, grading, etc.Virtual School Site Facilitator: Mentoring & Advocating• local mentor and advocate for student(s)• proctors & records grades, etc.
  8. 8. Research on Virtual School Designer• Barbour (2005; 2007); Barbour & Cooze (2004); Cooze & Barbour (2007)• Keeler (2004; 2006); Keeler & Anderson- Inman (2004a; 2004b)
  9. 9. Research on Virtual School Teacher• DiPietro, Ferdig, Black & Preston (2008)• Murphy & Coffin (2003); Murphy & Rodriguez-Manzanares (2007; 2009); Nippard & Murphy (2007)
  10. 10. • Davis, Compton, Niederhauser, Lindstrom (2005); Davis, Research on Virtual School Site Facilitator Demiraslan & Wortmann (2007); Davis et al. (2007)• Roblyer, Freeman, Stabler & Schneidmiller (2007)• Barbour & Mulcahy (2004; 2009)• Murphy & Coffin (2003); Murphy & Rodriguez- Manzanares (2007; 2009);
  11. 11. Future Research• Investigate what constitutes effective web-based design for adolescent learners• Explore effective synchronous and asynchronous teaching strategies - consider what content should be taught using what medium• Examine the duties and responsibilities performed by school-based teachers to support K-12 online learning
  12. 12. A Methodology for Future Research• Better approaches -> DESIGN-BASED RESEARCH1. Analysis of practical problems by researchers & practitioners in collaboration2. Development of solutions informed by existing design principles & technological innovation3. Iterative cycles of testing and refinement of solutions in practice4. Reflection to produce design principles and enhance solution implementation
  13. 13. QuickTime™ and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.
  14. 14. QuickTime™ and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.

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