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MVLRI 2015 Webinar - Eight Trends in K-12 Online and Blended Learning and Their Implications for Research

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Clark, T., & Barbour, M. K. (2015, April). Eight trends in K-12 online and blended learning and their implications for research. A Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute webinar, Lansing, MI.

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MVLRI 2015 Webinar - Eight Trends in K-12 Online and Blended Learning and Their Implications for Research

  1. 1. Eight Trends in K-12 Online and Blended Learning and Their Implications for Research Tom Clark Michael K Barbour Clark Consulting Sacred Heart University 4/23/2015 18 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning
  2. 2. About the Book • Online, Blended and Distance Education: Building Successful Programs in Schools (Tom Clark & Michael K. Barbour, Co-Editors, Stylus, 2015) • Stylus Online, Blended & Distance Ed Series (Michael G. Moore, Editor) 4/23/2015 28 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning Book Wiki Portal: bit.do/obdewiki (onlineblendedschooling.wikispaces.com)
  3. 3. 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 3 Wiki Portal: bit.do/obdewiki
  4. 4. About the Book We asked two questions: 1. What can North American educators learn from international K–12 educators, and vice versa, about building successful programs? 2. What are some key policy & practice issues in the field that might be addressed through advice from experts and program leaders? Then went about finding the people & programs who could help us answer these questions 4/23/2015 48 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning
  5. 5. Eight Key Trends • The book concludes with 8 key trends based on a synthesis of chapter findings & scanning 4/23/2015 58 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning © 2015 Stylus Publishers, M. K. Barb our & T. Clark
  6. 6. 4/23/2015 68 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning Global
  7. 7. 50-nation iNACOL survey (2011) 4/23/2015 78 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning Global Every continent except South America represented North America (4) Oceania (2) Europe (21) Asia & Middle East (11) Africa (7) 45 NATIONS PROFILED
  8. 8. 4/23/2015 88 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning Case studies for book (2015) Global Australia (Harris, Ch 14) South Korea (Kim & Seo, Ch 16) Nepal (Cavanaugh, Ch 13) Canada (Smallwood , Reaburn & Baker, Ch 12) USA (Oliver & Weeks, Ch 8; Yang & Rice, Ch9; Revenaugh, Ch 10; Ebert & Powell, Ch 11) UK (Boulton & Hasler Waters, Ch 15)
  9. 9. Global 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 9 ISSUES CHAPTERS Ch 2 Quality Online Teaching Kathryn Kennedy & Leanna Archambault Ch 3 Instructional Design Christy Keeler Ch 4 Tech Infrastructure and Tools Rob Darrow Ch 5 Research on K-12 Online Learning Richard Ferdig, Cathy Cavanaugh, & Joseph Freidhoff Ch 6 Cyber Charter Schools Victoria Raish & Ali Carr- Chellman Ch 7 Ensuring Equitable Access Ray Rose, Alese Smith, Karen Johnson, & David Glick
  10. 10. Open Growing use of open ed resources & LMS (Darrow, Ch 3) Source: www.deltainitiative.com 4/23/2015 108 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning
  11. 11. Open Growing use of open learning environments (Revanaugh, Ch 10) Source: Connections Education 4/23/2015 118 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning
  12. 12. Mobile Robust broadband & wifi needed for mobile learning; connectivity gaps in schools (Rose et al, Ch 7;Cavanaugh, Ch13) • National curriculum and assessment initiatives may drive increased connectivity • ConnectEd (USA) • Smart Learning (S. Korea) 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 12
  13. 13. Mobile Developing nations catching up in mobile access; may “leapfrog” ed technologies (Cavanaugh, Foreword & Ch 13) Mobile Subscriptions by Economic Development Level 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 13
  14. 14. Blended Emergence of K–12 blended learning has brought online learning into mainstream (Clark & Barbour, Ch 1; Revanaugh, Ch 13. Ebert & Powell, Ch 11) Adapted with permission from "Classifying K–12 blended learning," by Heather Stakerand Michael B. Horn, © 2012, Innosight Institute. 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 14
  15. 15. Blended Outside the U.S., many nations have different paradigms for digital learning – Little full-time K-12 online learning – Online learning used when F2F unavailable – Any digital tech use may be considered “e- learning” (Clark & Barbour, Ch 1; Smallwood, Reaburn & Baker, Ch 12; Cavanaugh, Ch 13; Harris, Ch 14; Boulton & Hasler-Waters, Ch15; Kim & Seo, Ch 16; Barbour & Clark, Ch17 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 15 DIGITAL WORLDWIDE… LEARNING ENVIRON- MENTS CURRIC- ULUM RESOUR- CES REPOSI- TIORIES LITERACY
  16. 16. Facilitated Important new roles for K-12 teachers as facilitators, guiding and shaping learning • Primarily provide scaffolding, support and intervention. • Effective practices (Kennedy & Archambault, Ch. 2); Certifications and Endorsements (Yang & Rice, Ch. 9) 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 16
  17. 17. Personalized Trend toward increasing personalization via technology • Personalized learning (Revenaugh, Ch 10) • Individualized learning (Smallwood, Reaburn & Baker, Ch 12; Harris, Ch14) • Authentic collaborative activities (Boulton & Hasler Waters, Ch 15) 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 17
  18. 18. Adaptive Online learner interactions increasingly used to adapt teaching and learning • Example: Nexus Academy – dynamic F2F grouping of students to learn a specific objective based on CC- aligned embedded testing – use of adaptive testing to personalize learning program, track progress – (Revenaugh, Ch 10) 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 18
  19. 19. Evidence-Based • Ask the right questions to build evidence-based practice, such as: • Under what conditions does K-12 online and blended learning work best? Rather than asking: • Does it work better than face-to-face? (Ferdig, Cavanaugh, & Freidhoff, Ch 5) 4/23/2015 198 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning
  20. 20. Evidence-Based Avoid comparing apples and oranges • Case study example: Australian students do better in online than in F2F course, with same teacher and curriculum (Harris, Ch. 14) 4/23/2015 208 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning •Early Dropout •High Achievers •Highly Motivated •College Prep Requirement
  21. 21. Evidence-Based Online is complex; blended even more so (Ferdig, Cavanaugh & Freidhoff, Ch 5) 4/23/2015 21 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning
  22. 22. Evidence-Based Share emerging research findings and use them to support evidence-based practice • Synthesize research on effective teaching practices and changes needed in teacher roles (Kennedy & Archambault, Ch. 2) • Case study example: Support effective teaching practice via Boise State endorsement program and State of Idaho certification (Yang & Rice, Ch. 9) 4/23/2015 228 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning RESEARCH → PRACTICE
  23. 23. Evidence-Based Build researcher & program collaboration to improve educational results • Work to build trust-based relationships between programs and researchers • Share data for educational research related to program improvement (Cavanaugh, Ch. 13) 4/23/2015 238 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning
  24. 24. Thank You! Tom Clark Clark Consulting tom@tomclarkconsulting.net 4/23/2015 8 Trends in K-12 Online & Blended Learning 24 Michael K Barbour Sacred Heart University mkbarbour@gmail.com Book Wiki Portal: bit.do/obdewiki (onlineblendedschooling.wikispaces.com)

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