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HICE 2011 - Examining the Development and Challenges of K-12 Online Learning

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Barbour, M.K. (2011, January). Examining the development and challenges of K-12 online learning. A presentation at the 9th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Education, Honolulu, HI.

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HICE 2011 - Examining the Development and Challenges of K-12 Online Learning

  1. 1. Examining the Development andChallenges of K-12 Online Learning Michael K. Barbour Wayne State University
  2. 2. History of K-12 Distance Education
  3. 3. History of K-12 Online Learning
  4. 4. Virtual School Environment
  5. 5. Three Roles of Virtual School TeachersVirtual School Designer: CourseDevelopment•design instructional materials•works in team with teachers and a virtualschool to construct the online course, etc.Virtual School Teacher: Pedagogy &Class Management•presents activities, manages pacing, rigor,etc.•interacts with students and their facilitators•undertakes assessment, grading, etc.Virtual School Site Facilitator:Mentoring & Advocating•local mentor and advocate for student(s)•proctors & records grades, etc. Davis (2007)
  6. 6. Research on Virtual School Designer• Barbour (2005; 2007); Barbour & Cooze (2004); Cooze & Barbour (2007)• Keeler (2004; 2006); Keeler & Anderson- Inman (2004a; 2004b)
  7. 7. Research on Virtual School Teacher• DiPietro, Ferdig, Black & Preston (2008)• Murphy & Coffin (2003); Murphy & Rodriguez-Manzanares (2007; 2009); Nippard & Murphy (2007)
  8. 8. Research on Virtual School Site Facilitator• Davis, Compton, Niederhauser, Lindstrom (2005); Davis, Demiraslan & Wortmann (2007); Davis et al. (2007)• Roblyer, Freeman, Stabler & Schneidmiller (2007)• Barbour & Mulcahy (2004; 2009)• Murphy & Coffin (2003); Murphy & Rodriguez-Manzanares (2007; 2009); Nippard & Murphy (2007)
  9. 9. Future Research• Investigate what constitutes effective web-based design for adolescent learners• Explore effective synchronous and asynchronous teaching strategies - consider what content should be taught using what medium• Examine the duties and responsibilities performed by school-based teachers to support K-12 online learning
  10. 10. Is there a better way? 10
  11. 11. Design-Based Research Reeves (2006) 11
  12. 12. Virtual High School Global Consortium • annual evaluations – e.g., Espinoza, Dove, Zucker & Kozma, 1999; Kozma, Zucker & Espinoza, 1998; Kozma, Zucker, Espinoza, McGhee, Yarnall & Zalles, 2000 • content-specific investigations – e.g., Elbaum, McIntyre & Smith, 2002; Yamashiro & Zucker, 1999 • final evaluation – e.g., Zucker & Kozma, 2003 12
  13. 13. The Challenge• Whether online learning can be suitable for all K-12 students? (Mulcahy, 2002)

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