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CSSE 2012 - State of the Nation Study: K-12 Online Learning in Canada

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Barbour, M. K. (2012, May). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. A paper presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Waterloo, ON.

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CSSE 2012 - State of the Nation Study: K-12 Online Learning in Canada

  1. 1. State of the Nation:K-12 Online Learning in Canada Michael K. Barbour Wayne State University
  2. 2. MethodologyProvince/Territory 2008 2009 2010 2011Newfoundland & Labrador KS / DA MoE / DA DA MoENova Scotia DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE / DAPrince Edward Island DA KS / DA MoE MoENew Brunswick DA MoE / DA MoE MoE / DAQuebec KS KS / DA MoE / KS MoE / KSOntario KS / DA KS / DA KS / DA MoE / DAManitoba KS MoE / DA MoE MoESaskatchewan KS / DA MoE MoE MoE / KSAlberta DA KS / DA KS / DA MoEBritish Columbia MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE MoEYukon DA KS / DA MoE / DA MoENorthwest Territories DA MoE / DA DA MoENunavut DA MoE MoE MoE
  3. 3. National Overview - Regulations Legislative regime Policy regulations No real regulations Memorandums of Understanding with other provinces
  4. 4. National Trends• Regulations varied significantly – Often still regulated in the same manner as brick- and-mortar or face-to-face instruction• Method of delivery is still print-based in many instances – Greater reliance upon synchronous tools than elsewhere• Little teacher preparation
  5. 5. National Overview - Activity Single provincial programme Primarily district- based programmes Combination of provincial and district-based programmes Use programmes from other provinces
  6. 6. National Overview - Activity
  7. 7. National Trends• ~207,000 or ~4% K-12 students took one or more DE courses• In many provinces, the numbers are estimates at best• Percentage of participations will vary from year-to-year
  8. 8. Take-aways• Seen as a substitute when face-to-face learning is not feasible or economic• Unions are cautious supporters• Has not become a political issue• Several jurisdictions have made dramatic changes over the past five years
  9. 9. http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACO L_CanadaStudy_201111.pdfhttp://virtualschool.wikispaces.com/canada
  10. 10. YourQuestions andComments
  11. 11. Assistant Professor Wayne State University, USA mkbarbour@gmail.com http://www.michaelbarbour.comhttp://virtualschooling.wordpress.com

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