CSSE 2009 - Teacher Volunteerism and Good Will: Local Teachers to Distance Education Responsibilities

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Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2009, May). Teacher volunteerism and good will: Local teachers to distance education responsibilities. Roundtable presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Ottawa, ON.

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CSSE 2009 - Teacher Volunteerism and Good Will: Local Teachers to Distance Education Responsibilities

  1. 1. Teacher Volunteerism and Good Will: Local Teachers to Distance Education Responsibilities Michael Barbour, Wayne State University Dennis Mulcahy, Memorial University
  2. 2. Centre for Distance Learning and Innovation• 294 schools in 2005-06 – down from 472 in 1995-96• 76,763 students in 2005-06 – down from 142,332 in 1985-86• average school size is 220 pupils – 45% > 200 and 25% > 100• CDLI founded in December 2000• Synchronous – Online – 30% to 80% via virtual classroom• Asynchronous – Offline – remainder of their time via CMS – often independent “seat work” from their textbooks or assignments
  3. 3. Why School-Based Teacher?• Largely ignored in teacher education• Role has been found to be critical in the success of K-12 online learners• Newfoundland and Labrador have one of the most standardized models
  4. 4. Mediating Team• Technical - to provide initial maintenance and trouble- shooting for the CDLI computers (all major problems are handled by a district-level technician or by the CDLI)• Coach – to provide support (although not academic support) in gaining the independent learning and self- motivation skills that may be needed to succeed in the online environment• Administrative – to proctor tests and exams, monitor student attendance and behavior, and provide supervision• school administrator, technology teacher, secretary, custodian, and/or a student enrolled in the CDLI (i.e., e-tutor)
  5. 5. Methodology• Web-based survey – based on survey used in Barbour &Mulcahy (2004)• Weekly Logs – volunteers from survey – kept log for 4 weeks• Interviews – volunteers from survey – yet to be scheduled
  6. 6. Sample Schools M-Teachers Schools M-Teachers M-Teachers M-Teachers M-Teachers Participating Participating Completed Opted-Out Not ResponsiveDistrict 1 10 34 - - - - -District 2 32 83 20 46 17 7 22District 3 33 102 33 102 19 27 56District 4 21 62 20 58 16 9 33District 5 2 3 2 3 0 1 2Private 2 5 2 5 1 0 4SchoolsTotals 100 289 77 214 53 44 117
  7. 7. Sample• 77% of the schools representing 74% of the m- teachers• Response rate – 24.8%• Opted out – 20.6%• Unresponsive – 56.7%• Administrative – 60%• Technical – 21.7%• Coach – 18.3%
  8. 8. SurveyResultsTask M-Teachers TimeSupervising tests/exams/class 82.7% 58 minTracking down missing 44.2% 31 minassignments/homeworkRecording attendance or other 44.2% 17 minadministrative dataProviding content-based tutoring 42.3% 40 minProviding technology-based tutoring 50.0% 23 minProviding technical trouble shooting 73.1% 37 minSupervising science labs 15.1% 60 minPreparing and submitting tests/exams 18.9% 20 min
  9. 9. SurveyResultsAverage 2.34 hours per weekper m-teacherCDLI utilizes 5X14 timetable• 10 hours per 14 daysAverage m-teacher spends 65% or 2/3 course slot on their duties
  10. 10. Survey ResultsHow often do you access the any of your students course management systems?• Never – 60%• Couple of times a month – 15%• Once a month – 12%What do you access in the students CMS?• To check test dates and assignment deadlines• To check student marksHow often are you in communication with e-teachers of your students?• Couple of times a month – 38%• Once a month – 19%• Couple of times a week – 19%
  11. 11. Weekly Logs • 6 teachers • 4 weeksTask M-Teachers Average TimeSupervising tests/exams/class 5 teachers 80 min 16/16 weeksTracking down missing 2 teachers 2 minassignments/homework 3/16 weeksRecording attendance or other 3 teachers 3 minadministrative data 5/16 weeksProviding content-based tutoring 3 teachers 15 min 4/16 weeksProviding technology-based tutoringProviding technical trouble shooting 5 teachers 29 min 13/16 weeksSupervising science labsPreparing and submitting tests/exams 6 teachers 19 min 16/16 weeks
  12. 12. ResultsTask Survey Time Log Time 2004 StudySupervising tests/exams/class 58 min 80 min 58 minTracking down missing 31 min 2 min 28 minassignments/homeworkRecording attendance or other 17 min 3 min 27 minadministrative dataProviding content-based tutoring 40 min 15 min 12 minProviding technology-based tutoring 23 min - 30 minProviding technical trouble shooting 37 min 29 min 81 minSupervising science labs 60 min - -Preparing and submitting 20 min 19 min -tests/exams
  13. 13. Discussion & Initial Conclusions• m-teacher duties occupy significant amounts of teacher time• logs indicated less overall time than surveys• level of involvement has actually increased since pilot year
  14. 14. Future Research• survey – possible addition of District 1• 12 m-teachers have volunteered to be interviewed – June 2009
  15. 15. Assistant Professor Wayne State University, USA mkbarbour@gmail.comhttp://www.michaelbarbour.com

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