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AERA 2021 - A Newcomer’s Lens: A Look at K-12 Online and Blended Learning in the Journal of Online Learning Research

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AERA 2021 - A Newcomer’s Lens: A Look at K-12 Online and Blended Learning in the Journal of Online Learning Research

Hu, M., Arnesen, K., Barbour, M. K., & Leary, H. (2021, April). A newcomer’s lens: A look at K-12 online and blended learning in the Journal of Online Learning Research. [Paper] Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, virtual.

Hu, M., Arnesen, K., Barbour, M. K., & Leary, H. (2021, April). A newcomer’s lens: A look at K-12 online and blended learning in the Journal of Online Learning Research. [Paper] Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, virtual.

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AERA 2021 - A Newcomer’s Lens: A Look at K-12 Online and Blended Learning in the Journal of Online Learning Research

  1. 1. Min Hu, Karen T. Arnesen, Heather Leary – Brigham Young University Michael K. Barbour – Touro University California A Newcomer’s Lens: A Look at K-12 Online and Blended Learning in the Journal of Online Learning Research Hu, M., Arnesen, K., Barbour, M.K. & Leary, H. (2019). A Newcomer’s Lens: A Look at K-12 Online and Blended Learning in the Journal of Online Learning Research. Journal of Online Learning Research, 5(2), 123-144.
  2. 2. Content 01 02 03 04 Introduction Results Methodology Conclusions
  3. 3. 1. Introduction • Only a small percentage of articles in the more general distance/online learning journals focused on the K-12 environment. • In 2015 the Journal of Online Learning Research (JOLR) was established to publish articles related to K-12 online and blended learning. • In order to better understand the field of K-12 online and/or blended learning, we analyzed 51 articles published in JOLR between 2015 and 2018 to examine the trends in topics, article types, authorship, geography, research methods and citations.
  4. 4. 2. Methodology • Article Topics: Extract the top relevant two- and three-word phrases to determine the central topics. • Geography Analysis: Examine either the geographic location of the study or the geographic focus of the article itself and the geographic location of the author based on their institutional location. • Methodologies Analysis: Code each article according to six possible categories to identify the methodological trends. • Authorship Analysis: Extract the frequency of each author’s contributions. • Citation Analysis: Analyze 51 articles to identify the 12 top-cited articles.
  5. 5. Article Topics 3-word phrases Number of articles Phrase count Face-to-face 8 9 Online and blended 5 7 Online course design 5 6 Blended learning environment(s) 4 6 Online learning environment(s) 4 5 Students with disabilities 3 6 Community of engagement 2 4 2-word phrases Number of articles Phrase Count Blended learning 14 29 Online teacher(s) 13 29 Online courses(s) 12 25 Professional development 12 23 High school 9 19 Online Learning 8 9 Learning environment(s) 5 8 Frequency of phrases in abstracts • “Blended learning” and “online teacher(s)” were the most frequent topic phrases. • The topic of professional development is of particular note. 3. Results
  6. 6. Geography • 82% of studies occurred or were conducted in the United States. 42 1 1 1 1 5 0 10 20 30 40 50 United States Turkey Brazil India Multiple countries Unable to determine No. of studies Location where the study took place 115 5 3 2 1 1 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 United States United Kingdom Turkey Brazil Canada India No. of authors Geography Geographical location of authors • 93% of authors’ institutional affiliations were located in the United States.
  7. 7. Article Types and Methodologies • There were 31% interpretive studies and 29% inferential studies. 31% 29% 22% 12% 4% 2% Categorization of all articles published Interpretive Inferential Combined Theoretical Content Analysis Descriptive
  8. 8. Authorship • Jered Borup was a top author with the greatest number of publications and the highest author rank. 0 2 4 6 8 10 Authorship No. of articles No. of Ponits
  9. 9. Citations • These top cited articles covered all methodological categories except the descriptive category. 22 18 13 11 10 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 0 5 10 15 20 25 Inferential Interpretive Combined Combined Theoretical Theoretical Inferential Inferential Interpretive Inferential Content Interpretive Citations Types Citation and Article Types
  10. 10. 4. Conclusion ● The additional attention JOLR has given to blended contexts. JOLR also raises awareness of the importance of teachers’ professional development in online and blended environments. ● Future research can continue to examine the trend analysis over a more extended period. ● Researchers outside of the United States should be encouraged to conduct research that focuses on other countries in addition to the United States.
  11. 11. THANKS Min Hu, Karen Arnesen, Michael K. Barbour, Heather Leary

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