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AECT 2010 - K-12 Online Learning in South Korea: Lessons for United States Jurisdictions

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Barbour, M. K. (2010, October). K-12 online learning in South Korea: Lessons for United States jurisdictions. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

Over the past fifteen years, the South Korea government implemented three Master Plans beginning with building up the infrastructure to implement information and communications technologies (ICT) in the classroom, followed by the creation of online course content and the training of teachers to use and teach with ICT, then proceeding to implement programs designed to offer K-12 education at a distance. This session will present lessons from this centrally planned initiative for US-based virtual schools.

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AECT 2010 - K-12 Online Learning in South Korea: Lessons for United States Jurisdictions

  1. 1. in South Korea: Lessons for United States Jurisdictionsin South Korea: Lessons for United States Jurisdictions Michael K. Barbour Wayne State University
  2. 2. How Did This Presentation Come About?AECT - ICER Opportunity• ICER: Lessons from K-12 onlinelearning in North America thatmay be useful for the South Koreacontext• AECT: Lessons from K-12 onlinelearning in South Korea that maybe useful for the North Americacontext
  3. 3. History of K-12 Distance Education
  4. 4. History of K-12 Online Learning
  5. 5. 2005 with 300,000 & now have 12,000,000 taking online Virtual coursesNew Zealandnational Schooling Around theNetwork, along World Virtual Learning with online courses from the• China Correspondence School - less than 1% - national Virtual Learning• Iran Network, along with online courses from the - many private companies Correspondence School offering MOE approved courses • national Virtual Learning Network, along with online• Japan courses from the - one correspondence school Correspondence School offering online course - national Virtual Learning Network, along with online courses from the Correspondence SchoolPowell & Patrick (2006) • national Virtual Learning Network, along with online courses from the
  6. 6. Virtual Schooling Around the World• United Kingdom • South Koreaseveral online forms of DE, including the - A School Without Walls Cyber Home Learning System offers A level & GCSC courses primarily to adults - National Academy for Gifted and Talented Youth offers ‣ No real other K-12 online some online courses learning initiativesMany online school support initiatives• Australia - several DE programs offering online learning• Finland - Small national virtual school
  7. 7. Why CHLS Important?• over 80% of Korean students attend higher education (Song & Kim, 2009)• competition for entrance into the best-ranked colleges and universitiesrequires that parents purchase additional tutoring beyond formal schooling• the CHLS provides supplemental learning opportunities to reduce the costof this private tutoring and eliminate the gap between regions and classes• in 2008, the CHLS was used by 3.09 million students (an increase of 6.4%),with an 86% increase in the number of classes and a 100% increase in thenumber of students per class (Korean Education and Research InformationService, 2009)• presently, there are approximately 10,000 teachers working as cyber tutors;who perform pedagogical, administrative, social and technical roles for thethese students (Bae, Han, Lee & Lee, 2008)
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