Common Definition: A programmable machine that imitates
the actions or appearance of an intelligent creature –
usually a h...
ROBOTS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
ROBOTS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
ROBOTS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
ROBOTS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
HUMANOIDS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
* By utilizing available sensors and actuators, we can design
the behaviors of a robot and then decide the execution rules...
AnAn
ANDROID/HUMANOIDANDROID/HUMANOID cancan
be defined as abe defined as a ROBOTROBOT
designed to look and actdesigned to...
Basis of Androids:
• High demand to do tedious and
dangerous tasks
• Advent of faster and cheaper
processors
• Make robots...
Taking the example of KISMET, an android with
facial expressions and emotions built at MIT,
by Dr Cynthia Brenzeal.
• Had ...
Calm Interest Angry
Happy Sad Surprise
From humanoids to androids. The first robot (the left end) is
Robovie II developed by ATR Intelligent Robotics and
Communi...
The framework of android science.
The approach from robotics tries to build very humanlike
robots based on knowledge from ...
DEVELOPMENT OF ANDROIDS
The main difference between robot-like robots and androids is
appearance.
The appearance of an and...
Child
android
The technology to recreating a human as an
android has been accomplished to some extent;
however it has not ...
Details of the wetness of the eyes
The wet surface of the eye and the outer corners are difficult
to recreate with silicon...
More flexible and robust skin material
The current silicon used in this trial manufacturing is sufficient
for recreating t...
Mechanisms for humanlike movements
Adult android developed in cooperation with
Kokoro Co.ltd.
The actuators can represent ...
Facial expressions of the android
Furthermore, the android has a function for generating facial
expression that is importa...
Toward very humanlike movement
Marker positions on the master (right)
and android (left).
Humanlike perception
Distributed sensor system
Skin sensor.
* Meeting of Engineering and scientific approaches is
known as Turing test
* The Turing Test is a proposal for a test of a...
COGNITIVE STUDIES USING ANDROIDS
Total Turing test
Total Turing test.
An Engineer designs an Android Similar to his
Face.
Possibility of an android as a human
The adult android and a subject.
In general:
• Perform automated tasks to save on labor
• One of the factors contributing to higher levels of productivity
...
• Android science is expected to be a very
fundamental research where principles of
Human-Human communications and Human-
...
Robo's in constructions
Robo's in constructions
Robo's in constructions
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Robo's in constructions

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Robo's in constructions

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Robo's in constructions

  1. 1. Common Definition: A programmable machine that imitates the actions or appearance of an intelligent creature – usually a human. Should be able to do two things: • Get information from its surroundings • Do something physical work. • First programmable Robot was developed in 1954 by George Devol - Coined the name of the first Robot Company, “Unimation”.
  2. 2. ROBOTS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
  3. 3. ROBOTS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
  4. 4. ROBOTS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
  5. 5. ROBOTS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
  6. 6. HUMANOIDS IN CONSTUCTIONS:
  7. 7. * By utilizing available sensors and actuators, we can design the behaviors of a robot and then decide the execution rules among those behaviors. While doing this developing, we also evaluate the robot’s performance and modify the behaviors and execution rules. This bottom-up approach is called the constructive approach.
  8. 8. AnAn ANDROID/HUMANOIDANDROID/HUMANOID cancan be defined as abe defined as a ROBOTROBOT designed to look and actdesigned to look and act human.human. An Andro Humanoid is anAn Andro Humanoid is an anthropomorphic robotanthropomorphic robot - Looks like a human- Looks like a human - Known as "humanoids"- Known as "humanoids" HUMANOIDS/ANROIDS:
  9. 9. Basis of Androids: • High demand to do tedious and dangerous tasks • Advent of faster and cheaper processors • Make robots move and "think" to look more like humans • Psycological factors These facts have gave birth to ANDROIDS.
  10. 10. Taking the example of KISMET, an android with facial expressions and emotions built at MIT, by Dr Cynthia Brenzeal. • Had head with jaws • Eyes had color CCD camera • Small motors to move facial features
  11. 11. Calm Interest Angry Happy Sad Surprise
  12. 12. From humanoids to androids. The first robot (the left end) is Robovie II developed by ATR Intelligent Robotics and Communications Laboratories. The second is Wakamaru developed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industry Co. Ltd. The third is a child android, while the fourth is the master of the child android.
  13. 13. The framework of android science. The approach from robotics tries to build very humanlike robots based on knowledge from cognitive science. The approach from cognitive science uses the robot for verifying hypotheses for understanding humans. We call this cross-interdisciplinary framework android science.
  14. 14. DEVELOPMENT OF ANDROIDS The main difference between robot-like robots and androids is appearance. The appearance of an android is realized by making a copy of an existing person.
  15. 15. Child android The technology to recreating a human as an android has been accomplished to some extent; however it has not yet been perfected. The difficulties are: • Details of the wetness of the eyes. • More flexible and robust skin material
  16. 16. Details of the wetness of the eyes The wet surface of the eye and the outer corners are difficult to recreate with silicon, more improvement is required in this area. Although the android has a mechanism for blinking and the eyeballs are perfect copies, we are aware of the differences from a real human.
  17. 17. More flexible and robust skin material The current silicon used in this trial manufacturing is sufficient for recreating the texture of the skin. However, it loses flexibility after one or two years and its elasticity is insufficient for large joint movements.
  18. 18. Mechanisms for humanlike movements Adult android developed in cooperation with Kokoro Co.ltd. The actuators can represent unconscious movements of the chest from breathing in addition to conscious large movements of the head and arms.
  19. 19. Facial expressions of the android Furthermore, the android has a function for generating facial expression that is important for interactions with humans. Figure shows several examples of facial expression. For this purpose, the android uses 13 of the 42 actuators.
  20. 20. Toward very humanlike movement Marker positions on the master (right) and android (left).
  21. 21. Humanlike perception Distributed sensor system
  22. 22. Skin sensor.
  23. 23. * Meeting of Engineering and scientific approaches is known as Turing test * The Turing Test is a proposal for a test of a machine’s ability to demonstrate intelligence.
  24. 24. COGNITIVE STUDIES USING ANDROIDS Total Turing test Total Turing test.
  25. 25. An Engineer designs an Android Similar to his Face.
  26. 26. Possibility of an android as a human The adult android and a subject.
  27. 27. In general: • Perform automated tasks to save on labor • One of the factors contributing to higher levels of productivity Personalization and Ease of Use: • Better acceptance by humans • Provides personal touch • Can be used for domestic mundane tasks • Self explanatory repair mechanism
  28. 28. • Android science is expected to be a very fundamental research where principles of Human-Human communications and Human- Robot communications are studied. • The Android System in this paper has also practical possibilities.

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