Done by: Gonçalo Santos nº9 João Maria nº10 Ricardo Santos nº20
South Africa was "discovered" by Bartholomew Dias, in 1488, who arrived at Robben Island (today’s cape town), in his abortive trip to India. The island was for many years, used by Portuguese, British and Dutch as a refueling station. Apartheid Apartheid was a system of racial segregation from 1948 to 1994 adopted by successive National Party governments in South Africa, where the rights of the vast majority of residents have been curtailed by the government formed by the white minority.
<ul><li>South Africa is a vast country with great diversity of habitats and peoples who for centuries have been leaving their mark. </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa is known for its diversity of cultures, languages and religious beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>This country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean, it has eleven official languages but the English is the language most spoken. </li></ul><ul><li>About a quarter of the population is unemployed and live on less than 1 dollar per day. </li></ul>
1st January New Year’s Day 21 th March Human Rights Day 27 th April Freedom Day 1st May Worker’s Day 16 th June Youth Day 9 th August National women’s day 24 th September Heritage Day 16 th December Day of Reconciliation 25 th December Christmas Day 26 th December Day of Goodwill
Red- The red represents bloodshed. Blue- the blue represents the sky. Black and white- black and white races mean black and white. Green- green represents the forests. Yellow - yellow represents gold. This flag was adopted on 29 September 1994, designed by Frederick Brownell.
God [Lord] bless Africa Raise high its glory Hear our prayers God bless us, her children God, we ask You to protect our nation Intervene and end all conflicts Protect us, protect our nation, our nation, South Africa - South Africa From the blue of our sky, From the depth of our seas, Over our everlasting mountains, Where the crags resound, Name- Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika English -God Bless Africa Enoch Sontonga 1897 C.J. Langenhoven 1918 <ul><li>The lyrics employ the five most widely spoken dialects of South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics- Enoch Sontonga and C.J. Langenhoven </li></ul><ul><li>Music- Enoch Sontonga and Reverend ML de Villiers </li></ul>
South Africa’s tenth president Nelson Mandela (July 18, 1918). Lucky Philip Dube (August 3, 1964) was a reggae singer in South Africa. David John Matthews (January 1967) is a South African musician. He's the singer, songwriter and guitarist Dave Matthews Band.
<ul><li>Kaapse Klopse, Cape Town </li></ul><ul><li>The streets of Cape Town come alive on 2 January when the Cape Minstrels celebrate Tweede Nuwe Jaar in style wearing brightly coloured outfits, sporting umbrellas and singing traditional songs. </li></ul><ul><li>Namaqualand Daisies in Springtime </li></ul><ul><li>Namaqualand Daisies is a major event on the Northern Cape’s calendar! In springtime millions of wild daisies sprout after the first rains, a sight to behold. </li></ul><ul><li>Grahamstown National Arts Festival </li></ul><ul><li>In July, the student town of Grahamstown comes to live during the National Arts Festival – a celebration of song, dance and creativity. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Comrades Marathon </li></ul><ul><li>This ultra-marathon that takes place between Durban and Pietermaritzburg has become known as the ‘greatest race on earth’. </li></ul><ul><li>Knysna Oyster Festival </li></ul><ul><li>South Africans just love food festivals and one of the major highlights is the Knysna Oyster Festival along the Garden Route (March). </li></ul>
<ul><li>The 2010 FIFA World Cup is the first in the history of world football's governing body to be held in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Attendance: 3,178,856 (49,670 per match) </li></ul><ul><li>Five new stadiums were built for the tournament, and five of the existing venues were upgraded. And it cost about 1 billion dollars. </li></ul><ul><li>Final positions </li></ul><ul><li>Champion Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Runner-up Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Third place Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth place Uruguay </li></ul>Official Logo The official song of the 2010 World Cup "Waka Waka" was performed by the singer Shakira and the band Freshlyground.
The official mascot for the 2010 World Cup was Zakumi. His name came from "ZA" (the international abbreviation for South Africa) and the term “kumi”, which means "ten" in various African languages. The mascot's colours reflected those of the host nation's playing strip – yellow and green. The match ball for the 2010 World Cup, manufactured by Adidas, is named the Jabulani, which means "bringing joy to everyone" in Zulu . Vuvuzela is most used at soccer matches in South Africa, and it has become a symbol of South African soccer in the stadiums are filled with its loud and raucous sound that reflects the exhilaration of supporters. Mascot Official Ball Vuvuzela
Capitals: South Africa has 3 capitals: Cape Town (Legislative), Pretoria (Administrative) and Bloemfontein (Judicial). Political system: Since 1994 they have enjoyed democratic government. The country is headed by a State President, Jacob Zuma, of the African National Congress (ANC). Economy: A lesser-known fact on South Africa is that it has achieved steady economic growth in gross domestic product (GDP) since the late 90s. The country’s central bank is the Reserve Bank. Population: The South African population is about 49 million people. Languages: South Africa is a multi-lingual country and there are 11 official languages including: English, Afrikaans, isiNdebele, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana, Siswati, Tshivenda and Xitsonga. Religions: Almost 80% of South Africa's population is Christian. Other major religious groups include Hindus, Muslims, Jews and Buddhists.