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The Role Of National Human Rights Institutions

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The Role Of National Human Rights Institutions

  1. 1. THE ROLE OF NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS IN DETENTION MONITORING Harvard Law School’s Human Rights Program (HRP) in partnership with OHCHR March 23, 2009 ICC22-GENEVA ICC22 Workshop on Detention
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Objectives of the project </li></ul><ul><li>Spotlight on NHRIs </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-cutting approach </li></ul><ul><li>Protocol and methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness benchmarks </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond OPCAT </li></ul><ul><li>Reference tool for NHRIs and other stakeholders </li></ul>
  3. 3. A preliminary framework of analysis NHRI
  4. 4. Exploring the framework
  5. 5. Exploring the framework
  6. 6. Exploring the framework
  7. 7. Exploring the framework
  8. 8. Exploring the framework
  9. 9. Exploring the framework
  10. 10. Strengths of NHRIs as independent detention monitoring bodies <ul><li>An effective structure </li></ul><ul><li>Independence, jurisdiction and mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Recourse to legal action </li></ul><ul><li>Use of public advocacy tools </li></ul><ul><li>Resources and expertise </li></ul><ul><li>NHRI as intermediary </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimacy of the institution </li></ul><ul><li>Non-formal and contextual factors </li></ul>
  11. 11. Spotlight on ‘best practice’ and ‘lessons learnt’ in detention monitoring <ul><li>Documenting the activities and experiences of NHRIs </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete initiatives and protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Use of judicial channels </li></ul><ul><li>Use of public exposure channels </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction with other stakeholders/ professional networks </li></ul><ul><li>Responsiveness of detention authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarks for ‘effectiveness’ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Survey of NHRI experiences <ul><li>Access to detention facilities </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Lack of external scrutiny of military detention facilities’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Police obstruction to NHRI access to detainees in their custody’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Jurisdiction is curtailed by regressive domestic legislation’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ For jail visits to be effective, it should be announced.’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ We have difficulties in accessing juvenile correction facilities and women’s prisons’ </li></ul>

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