John Locke’s ideas
State of Nature- life without laws, rules, or government. Survival of the
Natural rights-All persons are guaranteed life, liberty, and property
Social Contract Theory- in order to be a part of society and enjoys safety
each person must give up some rights and freedoms this includes following
The Harm Principle
• THESE LAWS PROTECT PEOPLE FROM BEING HARMED BY OTHERS.
• Examples include
• Violent crimes such as murder and rape
• Property crimes such as vandalism and robbery
• These laws act as the parent and prevent self-harm
• Compulsory attendance ( education)
• Child neglect laws
• Illegal drugs
• Law that promote personal morality they can be grounded in religious
-Hate speech laws in Europe
-Prostitution and other sex industry
• This law donates or grants goods or services of some kind to its
• These goods or services are not free as they come from taxes that
citizens are mandated to pay.
• Social Security
• Free education
• Tax breaks for purchasing energy efficient products
The Statist Principle
• Laws that are intended to protect government from harm, these can
be the most dangerous to civil liberties.
• These may be essential for stability and national security.
-Laws against treason and espionage
-Patriot Act- giving government the opportunity to spy without a
search warrant on suspected terrorist
-Japanese Internment camps