Ginger Day 2011

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Ginger Day 2011

  1. 1. High Tunnel Production of FreshGinger Root (Zingiber officinale) Reza Rafie and Chris Mullins
  2. 2. The funding to promote theproduction and marketing ofVirginia grown ginger wasprovided by a grant from theVirginia Department of Agricultureand Consumer Services (VDACS).
  3. 3. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) The official name Zingiber drived, using the Indian Sanskrit name for ginger - singabera, or shaped like a horn. Other spices in the same family with ginger are Tumeric and Cardamom.http://www.herbs2000.com/herbs/herbs_ginger.htm
  4. 4. Ginger plantThe ginger plant has a long history of cultivation, havingoriginated in Asia. Ginger is considered a tropical plant,has dark-green erect steams and lanced-shaped leavesthat produces underground rhizomes. The plant mayreach 2-4 ft in height.
  5. 5. General InformationThe ginger is the most widely cultivated spice around theworld. There are countless varieties, shapes and sizes,India has an estimated fifty varieties of this versatile herb.Depending on the conditions of the soil and the manner ofits cultivations, each and every variety of the gingerpossesses its own distinctive flavor and aroma. Africa isreputedly the home of the most pungent ginger, while themilder varieties are grown mainly in China.The general agreements is that culinary applications willlikely use milder ginger varieties, while the stronger andmore pungent varieties are best to prepare gingerbeverages and for use in therapeutic herbal remedies.http://www.herbs2000.com/herbs/herbs_ginger.htm
  6. 6. Medicinal Use of Ginger•Stimulate the circulatory system.•Useful in controlling high blood pressure.•Reducing fevers.•Alleviate persistent coughs and all kinds of colds andflu.•The ability of the ginger to alleviate nausea andvomiting is famous.
  7. 7. Why Ginger• Ginger rhizome is an aromatic, pungent spice which is used for cooking and its health benefits, and well know than any other spice around the world.• Total volume and value of imported fresh ginger to the U.S. 2000-2009 45,000 $40 40,000 $35 Total Volume 35,000 China $30 Value 30,000 $25 25,000 MT $20 20,000 Million $15 15,000 $10 10,000 5,000 $5 0 $0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year
  8. 8. Why Ginger Hawaii is the only state in the U.S. that commercially produces ginger, However, ginger wilt caused by a bacterium known as Ralstonia solanacerum has caused sever reduction not only in Hawaii but in all countries with commercial production.Acreages and farm value of ginger production in Hawaii, 1997-2008 300 $9.0 $8.0 250 $7.0 200 $6.0Ac $5.0 150 Millionr $4.0e 100 $3.0 $2.0 50 Acres $1.0 0 $0.0 Farm Value 1997 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Years
  9. 9. Old Friends Farm sells its ginger to several restaurantsin the Amherst area. For those interested in trying it athome, it can be purchased from Old Friends Farm. Forthose lucky enough to get their hands on a piece of thesmall harvest, the ginger sells for $15.00 to $20.00 perpound. http://www.edibleboston.net/content/pages/articles/fall08/beansCreatingTopics.pdfIt is logical to believe that there isa considerable niche marketopportunity for locally grownginger, mostly targeted towardconsumers shopping at localfarmer markets and to thoserestaurants seeking only localproducts.
  10. 10. Growing Ginger in VirginiaIt is not possible to grow ginger in Virginia under field conditions as it takes 9 -10 months from planting to the harvest. However, planting it early in FEBRURARY in a greenhouse and transplanting the plantlet at the end of APRIL in a high tunnel, would allow season expansion, and mature ginger can be harvested in January and February of the following year.
  11. 11. Growing Ginger
  12. 12. Ginger Seed Rhizomeshttp://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/scm-8.pdf: Paul Hepperly and Francis Zee
  13. 13. Ginger Seed Rhizome- Use only mature, clean, disease-free ginger hands- Cut the selected hands into 2-4 ozsections, sterilizing the knife after each cut- Each seed-piece should have two to four welldeveloped “eyes.”-Surface-sterilize the seed-pieces in a 10% solution ofhousehold bleach (1 part bleach in 9 parts water) for10 minutes-Cure the seed-pieces in a clean, disease-free areafor three days or more before planting(Hepperly, P. and Francis Zee, 2004)
  14. 14. In April the potted plants are ready to be transplanted in the high tunnel.In February, plant the seed piecein a one gallon pot ½-¾ filledwith soilless potting mix (2 partsCompost, 2-4 parts SphagnumPeat Moss, 1 part Perlite, and 1part Vermiculite). Maintain in agreenhouse.
  15. 15. OctoberApril-May
  16. 16. MayAugust
  17. 17. September
  18. 18. Fertilizer• Ginger responds well with adequate fertilizer application.• For detail of fertilizer need see• http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/SCM-8.pdf
  19. 19. Mounding (Hilling)Is the periodic covering of the upward-expandingrhizomes. It is an important process in gingerproduction.
  20. 20. Baby Ginger
  21. 21. Mature Ginger Baby Ginger
  22. 22. Virginia High Tunnel Grown Ginger
  23. 23. leaf-spot Phyllosticta zingiberi T .S. Ramakr
  24. 24. Rhizome RotFusarium oxysporum
  25. 25. Cutworm a major problem withhigh tunnel ginger production

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