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Annenberg-Oxford Summer Institute - Min Jiang - Authoritarian Deliberation On Chinese Internet


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Talk given at 2009 Annenberg-Oxford Summer Institute - Program in Comparative Media Law and Policy (The Center for Socio-legal Studies at University of Oxford)

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Annenberg-Oxford Summer Institute - Min Jiang - Authoritarian Deliberation On Chinese Internet

  1. 1. Authoritarian Deliberation on Chinese Internet 2009 Annenberg/Oxford Summer Institute July 5-18, 2009 @ University of Oxford Min Jiang Assistant Professor Department of Communication Studies UNC-Charlotte Email:
  2. 2. Chinese Internet Population ► 298 million Internet users (CNNIC, 2009) ► 2/3 under age 30 ► 162 million bloggers (more than ½ of China’s netizens) ► 700 million mobile phone users (½ of Chinese population) ► 117 million Internet mobile phone users Photos courtesy of MinnPost.Com,
  3. 3. Cyber Censorship and Its Myths Photo LEFT: and RIGHT: Images MIDDLE from:
  4. 4. “We Chinese Need to be Controlled”? Jackie Chan: Media quoted me out of context Dai Qincheng: (HK) Netizens demand Jackie Chan be sent to North Korea (reprint) Han Han: Read the Emperor’s mind like Jackie Chan ChinaNet, douban, Sina Blog (April 23, 2009)
  5. 5. Modern Authoritarianism is Deliberative Patriotism + Legitimacy based on performance Photo LEFT: Photo RIGHT:
  6. 6. Spaces of Authoritarian Deliberation ► Central propaganda spaces ► Government-regulated commercial spaces ► Emergent civic spaces ► International deliberative spaces
  7. 7. Central Propaganda Spaces 1
  8. 8. Central Propaganda Spaces 2
  9. 9. Central Propaganda Spaces 3 Salary increase is offset by rise in housing price Hundreds of billions of bad debt is caused by the banks’ mismanagement of of state-owned assets. But average folks eventually foot the bill.
  10. 10. Central Propaganda Spaces 4 “We pay great attention to suggestions and advice from our netizens. We stress “putting people first” and “governing for the people.” Therefore we listen to people’s voices and capitalize on people’s wisdom when we solve problems and make decisions. The Internet is an important channel for us to know public concerns and collect public wisdoms.” - President Hu Jingtao June 20, 2008 Photo by Li Ke, ChinaNet from
  11. 11. Central Propaganda Spaces 5 Public Opinion Channel Deng Yujiao Incident: Self defense or voluntary manslaughter? Shoddy Buildings: Who’s responsible for students’ lives after the quake?
  12. 12. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 1 Number of Websites under Various Top Applications Domain Names in China Domain Quantity Proportion Online Music (83.7%) Name Online News (78.5%) .CN 2,216,437 77% Instant Messaging (75%) .COM 552,898 19.2% .NET 87,713 3% Search Engine (68%) .ORG 21,005 0.7% Online Video (67.7%) Total 2,878,053 100.0% Online Gaming (62.8%) Source: 23rd CNNIC Statistical Survey Report on the Internet Development in China (January 2009)
  13. 13. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 2
  14. 14. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 3 Image TOP LEFT: Image BOTTOM LEFT: XinhuaNet Image RIGHT: Heredict Q blog
  15. 15. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 4 shut down on Dec. 16, 2008. Reopened, toning down. Bullog reopens overseas now.
  16. 16. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 5 Liu Xiaoyuan: A young man arrested for calling his superior a scum
  17. 17. Emergent Civic Spaces 1
  18. 18. Emergent Civic Spaces 2
  19. 19. Emergent Civic Spaces 3 Noncommercial Web Site Registration Regulation
  20. 20. Emergent Civic Spaces 4 Image LEFT: ChinaDaily t_275179.htm Image TOP RIGHT: Eastwood demolished/
  21. 21. Emergent Civic Spaces 5 Activity Types: online; meetups sports; edu/lectures/ study groups entertainment/games May 1st. Where /movies to go? concerts/exhibition travel conference public service Work experience project: Wash dishes at restaurants
  22. 22. International Deliberative Spaces 1
  23. 23. International Deliberative Spaces 2
  24. 24. International Deliberative Spaces 3
  25. 25. International Deliberative Spaces 4 Image BOTTOM: by Andy Baio
  26. 26. International Deliberative Spaces 5
  27. 27. Future Research ► Engage reform-minded bureaucrats? ► How to grow China’s emergent civil society? ► Patterns of online information sharing, civic/political discourse, collective action? ► How to engage China’s digital generations? ► Online authoritarian deliberation’s long-term impact on civic/political participation?