Renaissance To Racialized


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How did we get from isolated countries and cultures to the wold we know today? This seminar gives a brief, and memorable, overview to understand the "whys" to our racialized, yet integrated world.

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Renaissance To Racialized

  1. 1. <ul><li>A brief history of how we got from an age of exploration to the age of exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Food – why the world is the way it is today! </li></ul>From Renaissance Man to Racialized Society
  2. 2. Renaissance world <ul><li>Key Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Black Death (Bubonic Plague)1350 – 1400 </li></ul><ul><li>Johann Gutenberg - 1450 </li></ul><ul><li>The Reformation and the Holy Roman Empire - Politics - Religion - Economics </li></ul>
  3. 3. The A’s Before 1400 <ul><li>East Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China - Ming Dynasty - 1368-1644 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traded with Swahili and Arabs – </li></ul><ul><li>(Hmong Presence - Advances in Sea navigation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan - Kamakura Period - 1192 – 1330 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shoguns rule all of Japan </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The A’s Before 1400 <ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mali & Timbuktu - City of Gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ghana– Ashanti Confederation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swahili - Trade Kingdom </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The A’s Before 1400 <ul><li>Americas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aztec </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inca </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North American Tribes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iroquois </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Seeking a Sea route to Asia Bypass Rome and Islam <ul><li>Portugal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince Henry the Navigator early 1400 - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sailing Schools - West Coast of Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>England </li></ul>
  7. 7. Portugal <ul><li>West Coast of Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1440 Bought African Slaves - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1488 - Cape of Good Hope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1498 - Vasco De Gama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- to India </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Spain <ul><li>United Spain - Inquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Cristob ól Colón - Spanish Invasion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1492 “Divine Conquest” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caribbean (3 visits) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquest - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease and Destruction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cortez </li></ul><ul><li>Pizarro </li></ul>
  9. 9. English 1607 Jamestown <ul><li>1619 - 1st Africans </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>indentured servants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Equality of immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Native people did not make good slaves </li></ul>
  10. 10. Development of racialized laws in American colonies <ul><li>Virginia, 1639 Act X. All persons except Negroes are to be provided with arms and ammunitions or be fined at the pleasure of the governor and council. Maryland, 1664 That whatsoever free-born [English] woman shall intermarry with any slave. . . shall serve the master of such slave during the life of her husband; and that all the issue of such free-born women, so married shall be slaves as their fathers were. Virginia, 1667 Act III. Whereas some doubts have arisen whether children that are slaves by birth. . . should by virtue of their baptism be made free, it is enacted that baptism does not alter the condition to the person as to his bondage or freedom; masters freed from this doubt may more carefully propagate Christianity by permitting slaves to be admitted to that sacrament. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Development of Racialized Laws in America <ul><li>Virginia, 1682 Act I. It is enacted that all servants. . . which [sic] shall be imported into this country either by sea or by land, whether Negroes, Moors [Muslim North Africans], mulattoes or Indians who and whose parentage and native countries are not Christian at the time of their first purchase by some Christian. . . and all Indians, which shall be sold by our neighboring Indians, or any other trafficking with us for slaves, are hereby adjudged, deemed and taken to be slaves to all intents and purposes any law, usage, or custom to the contrary notwithstanding. Black Laws of Virginia Negro Universities Press , 1969 Greenwood Publishing Group Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America Penguin Books , 1983 </li></ul>
  12. 12. English vs French/Spanish models of colonialism <ul><li>Expulsion and separation </li></ul><ul><li>New York Area </li></ul><ul><li>Cherokee </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Forced absorption and mixing </li></ul>
  13. 13. Division of British Colonies <ul><li>Northern – religious and personal freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Southern - commerce – investment </li></ul>
  14. 14. U.S. Constitutional Conflict <ul><li>Equal Rights For All….. </li></ul><ul><li>How to count slaves? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5/8 compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Belief slavery </li></ul><ul><li>was a fading institution </li></ul><ul><li>Ending </li></ul><ul><li>transatlantic </li></ul><ul><li>trade </li></ul>
  15. 15. Eli Whitney <ul><li>Invention of Cotton Gin </li></ul>Revived Slavery - “King Cotton”
  16. 16. Growing Abolition Movement <ul><li>Religious Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fredrick Douglass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harriet Beecher Stowe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic - Expansion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Never intended to give </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the “negro rights” </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>STATES RIGHTS </li></ul><ul><li>AFRICAN - AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>ABOLITION - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>POLITICAL NOT MORAL PUROPSE </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. RECONSTRUCTION <ul><li>ROOTS OF MODERN Philanthropy </li></ul><ul><li>Re-structure south - </li></ul><ul><li>Occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Economic - Political - Education </li></ul><ul><li>Gains for Blacks </li></ul>
  19. 19. End of Reconstruction <ul><li>Assassination of Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>Election of Rutherford B. Hayes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of federal troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of Klan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disenfranchisement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-writing of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Constitutions </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Creation of Jim Crow <ul><li>Whiteness defined </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic discrimination and separation </li></ul><ul><li>Ida Wells - Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>W.E.B. Dubois - “see the worst” </li></ul>
  21. 21. Federal Policies - reinforcing racial society <ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Native Policy </li></ul>
  22. 22. Civil Rights Era <ul><li>Ending legalized separation </li></ul><ul><li>Ended in blood shed and social upheaval of 60’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protests </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Hip-Hop Era <ul><li>Present disparities do not match promised equality </li></ul><ul><li>Rodney King – trial of officers – reminder of racial inequality </li></ul>
  24. 24. Need 4th wave <ul><li>Abolition </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Hip-Hop Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>? - Christ followers response? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the CRY today? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does God still HEAR? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If Yes - How does he answer? </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Think About <ul><li>Role of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elitism </li></ul></ul>