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MY VIDEO IS A FILE, NOW WHAT?
MJ Drouin, VSF Meeting, May 19th, 2010
WHO AM I?
   Director with 15 years of Media experience, I lead technical teams of up to
    30 people and 3 managers to ...
AGENDA
 File-based   production     File       Transmissions
     Servers                        QoS-aware




       ...
MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF
                                    4
FILE-BASED PRODUCTION
FILE-BASED BROADCAST   WORKFLOW




                                      MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF
            Lo...
FILE-BASED CONTRIBUTION

                  TV
                Ingest
                server




                          ...
FILE-BASED DISTRIBUTION

        Play-back
          server




                                       MJ Drouin© - May 19...
EXCHANGE OF FILES BETWEEN TWO
SYSTEMS: ESSENCE AND METADATA




                                                          ...
METADATA: KEYS OF REUSE SUCCESS




                                   MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF
                 ...
WRAPPERS: FROM MPEG-TS TO…
   AAF: Advanced Authoring Format by AMWA
    (Advanced Media Workflow Association)
    SMPTE ...
AMWA
 AAF wrapper for post production and video
  editing workflows




                                                 ...
AMWA: AAF TO APPLICATION SPECIFICATIONS
HOW THEY FIT AN ADVANCED MEDIA WORKFLOW




                                      ...
QA OF FILES OR VIDEO CONTENT?
   Tests at ingest
       Exponential complexity with multiple providers
    Internal set-...
FILE-BASED BROADCASTING CONCERNS
                                                         Archiving
                      ...
TRANSMISSIONS OF FILES
MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF
                                                         17
QOS-AWARE NETWORKS
MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF
                                                  18
WHERE DO WE
START?
VIDEO OVER IP
   SMPTE 2022
      RTP, 1 to 7 MPEG-TS per packet
      Transmission (2022-2)




                      ...
SO… WHAT’S NEW?
Ready to stretch a little bit?
UDP-BASED DATA TRANSFER (UDT)
   Created in 2001
       Current version #4 released in 2007
       IETF Candidate draft...
UDT OVERVIEW

                                     Applications




                                                      ...
IEEE 802.1QAV
FORWARDING AND QUEUING ENHANCEMENTS
FOR TIME-SENSITIVE STREAMS

   Standardized on Dec 10th, 2009
   New t...
AUDIO VIDEO BRIDGING (AVB)
The IEEE 802.1 Audio/Video Bridging
  (AVB) draft standards:
   IEEE 802.1 AS




            ...
MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF
                                           25


                                        ...
SO… WHAT’S NEXT?
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My video is a file, now what?

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File-based broadcast production
Video over IP
Standards
New transmission protocols
UDT
IEEE 802.1Qav
SMPTE 2022
Video Services Forum Meeting, May 19th, 2010

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My video is a file, now what?

  1. 1. MY VIDEO IS A FILE, NOW WHAT? MJ Drouin, VSF Meeting, May 19th, 2010
  2. 2. WHO AM I?  Director with 15 years of Media experience, I lead technical teams of up to 30 people and 3 managers to deliver most aspects of the business - Operations, Customer Services, Information Technologies, Project Management, Engineering, and Procurement. I developed expertise in MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF managing cable, wireless, satellite, transmission, engineering and software development. I worked at Bell, Teleglobe, Intelsat, CBC and as a expert consultant.  Professional Engineer, Masters in Technological Management, ITIL foundation, PMP  I have extensive experience in speaking since the 90's (ouf!), subjects were always a mix of technologies, commerce and management.  Past engagements included: Service Oriented Architecture: Tutorial for the Broadcasters (2010), Pitfalls of SW development: What every executive should know (2009), 8 weeks on Twitter: I love it! (2009), The Future of Broadcast Archive Systems (2008), DVB-H: Video over IP goes Wireless (2006), HDTV distribution (2005), Video over IP (2004) and, Several broadcast technical training (1994-1998): Video 101, Digital Video and Compression 201, Video testing techniques 301. 2  http://www.linkedin.com/in/mjdrouin  http://twitter.com/mjdrouin
  3. 3. AGENDA  File-based production  File Transmissions  Servers  QoS-aware MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF  File exchange  OSI model for IP  Metadata  Video over IP  Wrappers  SMPTE 2022  IETF FTP/RTP  Workflow  QC  What’s new?  UDT  IEEE 802.1Qav 3  SOA software development
  4. 4. MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF 4
  5. 5. FILE-BASED PRODUCTION
  6. 6. FILE-BASED BROADCAST WORKFLOW MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF Low-res Proxi Archives 6
  7. 7. FILE-BASED CONTRIBUTION TV Ingest server MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF Cache Low-res Proxi 7
  8. 8. FILE-BASED DISTRIBUTION Play-back server MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF VOD Systems Archives 8
  9. 9. EXCHANGE OF FILES BETWEEN TWO SYSTEMS: ESSENCE AND METADATA MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF 9 *From EBU File Exchange Format for Networked TV production
  10. 10. METADATA: KEYS OF REUSE SUCCESS MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF 10
  11. 11. WRAPPERS: FROM MPEG-TS TO…  AAF: Advanced Authoring Format by AMWA (Advanced Media Workflow Association) SMPTE 360 General Exchange Format (GXF) MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF   SMPTE 377M Television . Material Exchange Format (MXF) File Format Specification  ASF: Advance System Format from Microsoft  BXF: Broadcast Exchange Format for Metadata: SMPTE 2021  3GP for Mobile transmission: 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) for GSM, 3GPP2 for CDMA, etc…  SMPTE 268M ANSI/SMPTE 268M-1994 SMPTE 11 STANDARD for File Format for Digital Moving- Picture Exchange (DPX), Version 2.0
  12. 12. AMWA  AAF wrapper for post production and video editing workflows MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF  MS06 Integration of MXF with BXF  Mapping and addition of MXF metadata to BXF (SMPTE S2021-2008). Provides compatibility between BXF messages and MXF files. 12
  13. 13. AMWA: AAF TO APPLICATION SPECIFICATIONS HOW THEY FIT AN ADVANCED MEDIA WORKFLOW MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF 13
  14. 14. QA OF FILES OR VIDEO CONTENT?  Tests at ingest  Exponential complexity with multiple providers Internal set-ups stability MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF   Sample test and use automatic metadata to your advantage  Test before the ‘ready for broadcast’ $$ File Format/Wrapper Compression Type Audio/video/data 14 $$$$$$$
  15. 15. FILE-BASED BROADCASTING CONCERNS Archiving Post & Persistence Edit Auto- MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF Content To fill Meta Re-use air data Vendor File compatibility Consumer vs File-based Professional Production Stds Workflows Standards Asset Mngmt File DRM Q.A. multiple 15 format AMS interop
  16. 16. TRANSMISSIONS OF FILES
  17. 17. MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF 17 QOS-AWARE NETWORKS
  18. 18. MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF 18 WHERE DO WE START?
  19. 19. VIDEO OVER IP  SMPTE 2022  RTP, 1 to 7 MPEG-TS per packet  Transmission (2022-2) MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF  FEC (2022-1)  IETF RTP  Multicast UDP  IETF FTP 19  TCP
  20. 20. SO… WHAT’S NEW? Ready to stretch a little bit?
  21. 21. UDP-BASED DATA TRANSFER (UDT)  Created in 2001  Current version #4 released in 2007  IETF Candidate draft-gg-udt-03 (April 12th 2010) MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF  Very high speed network (above DS3) – WAN  File transfer of very large files (above 1TB) over long distances  Unicast, duplex, connection-based  Client-server or Rendezvous (P2P)  Muxing  Periodic ACK, relative to time and not traffic  Congestion control (configurable, default = AIMD)  Reliability mechanisms  @ 155mbps, 50msec, 2x better than TCP 21  @ 1Gbps, 25msec delay, 4x better than TCP
  22. 22. UDT OVERVIEW Applications MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF UDT Socket Applications Applications UDT Socket API Socket API TCP UDP 22 *From Yunhong GU, BREAKING THE DATA TRANSFER BOTTLENECK
  23. 23. IEEE 802.1QAV FORWARDING AND QUEUING ENHANCEMENTS FOR TIME-SENSITIVE STREAMS  Standardized on Dec 10th, 2009  New time-sensitive Network – LAN Traffic shaping and priorities MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF   Admission control – scheduling  Precise synchronization  Low delay  2 msec through 7 ethernet bridges  less than 1µsec between devices  Master clock = House clock  Can be accommodated on wireless 802.11  Minimal dropped packets 23
  24. 24. AUDIO VIDEO BRIDGING (AVB) The IEEE 802.1 Audio/Video Bridging (AVB) draft standards:  IEEE 802.1 AS MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF  Timing and Synchronization for Time- Sensitive Applications in Bridged Local Area Networks (LANs); a precision time synchronization protocol.  IEEE 802.1 Qat  Stream Reservation Protocol (SRP); an end-to-end bandwidth reservation protocol within a bridged LAN.  IEEE 802.1 Qav – Accepted Dec 09  Forwarding and Queuing for Time- Sensitive Streams; A/V traffic scheduling enhancements for a mainstream Ethernet and other network switches.)  IEEE 802.1 BA 24  Audio/Video Bridging (AVB) Systems
  25. 25. MJ Drouin© - May 19th, 2010 - VSF 25 Via JavaWorld SOA ENTERPRISE FRAMEWORK
  26. 26. SO… WHAT’S NEXT?

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