Danielson intro


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Overview of Charlotte Danielson's book, Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching (2nd ed.). Presentation was given to a group of new teachers.

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Danielson intro

  1. 1. Overview0 Four Domains 0 Planning and Preparation 0 Classroom Environment 0 Instruction 0 Professional Responsibilities 0 Each Domain contains 5-6 distinct Components 0 Each Component contains 2-5 Essential Elements
  2. 2. Why have a Framework?0 Defines expertise and procedures0 Distinguishes novice from advanced teachers0 Communicates professionalism to t he broader community0 Develops a common language for professional conversations (What is good teaching?)0 Provides a tool for self assessment
  3. 3. Current Teaching Standards0 NCATE – National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education0 IPTS – Illinois Professional Teaching Standards0 INTASC – Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortiuum 0 See Comparison, page 8-9
  4. 4. Using the Frameworks0 Higher Ed – Preparing New Teachers0 PreK-12 0 Recruiting & Hiring 0 Focusing School Improvement Efforts 0 Communicating with the Larger Community0 Our New Teacher Learning Team 0 Road Map for Novice Teachers 0 Guidance for More Experienced Teachers
  5. 5. Domain 1: Planning & Preparationa) Demonstrating Knowledge of Content & Pedagogyb) Demonstrating Knowledge of Studentsc) Setting Instructional Outcomesd) Demonstrating Knowledge of Resourcese) Designing Coherent Instructionf) Designing Student Assessments
  6. 6. Domain 2: The Classroom Environmenta) Creating an Environment of Respect & Rapportb) Establishing a Culture for Learningc) Managing Classroom Proceduresd) Managing Student Behaviore) Organizing Physical Space
  7. 7. Domain 3: Instructiona) Communicating with Studentsb) Using Questioning & Discussion Techniquesc) Engaging Students in Learningd) Using Assessment in Instructione) Demonstrating Flexibility & Responsiveness
  8. 8. Domain 4: Professional Responsibilitiesa) Reflecting on Teachingb) Maintaining Accurate Recordsc) Communicating with Familiesd) Participating in a Professional Communitye) Growing and Developing Professionallyf) Showing Professionalism
  9. 9. Interrelatedness of Domains & Components0 Teachers should not be expected to perform all of these in isolation from one another  Take (3b) for example: A teacher skilled at questioning would also need to • know their content (1a), • know her students (1b), • have established an atmosphere of respect & rapport (2a), • and have established routines, etc. (2c),  in order to pose appropriate questions & for kids to be comfortable responding to those questions
  10. 10. Common Themes0 Equity  “Equal” & “Equitable” are not the same in a classroom  “A commitment to excellence is not complete without a commitment to equity.” (p. 32) • Equal opportunities for stimulating academic achievement • Additional support for those traditionally underserved
  11. 11. Common Themes0 Cultural Competence  Teachers must remain aware of and respectful to students’ cultures and backgrounds.  Materials & examples employed must not refer to items/traditions unfamiliar to students without full explanations
  12. 12. Common Themes0 High Expectations  Beware of Self-fulfilling Prophecies  Communicate & Cultivate an expectation of high yet achievable expectations for each child  High expectations are grounded in clear and open standards for achievement  Embedded in this is the culture of hard work & perseverance
  13. 13. Common Themes0 Developmental Appropriateness  How student understand a concept is influenced by their cognitive structures at the time they are introduced to it. (p. 34) • Know where your students are • Meet them at their level • Provide experiences to appropriately challenge them to grow
  14. 14. Common Themes0 Attention to Individual Students, including those with special needs  Skilled teachers design activities that are challenging on a number of different levels simultaneously (p. 35)
  15. 15. Common Themes0 Appropriate Use of Technology  Technology = Tools  Not every child has access to technology tools  Knowing concepts is important, Knowing how to select & use tools related to those concepts is also (equally?) important  Staying abreast of technology developments is very important to a teacher’s professional development
  16. 16. Common Themes0 Student Assumptions of Responsibility  Part of being in charge is to enlist student energy in ensuring the success of the entire class  Proficient teachers guide student energies into meaningful learning experiences  Teachers should recognize & use student contributions to produce knowledge  The hallmark of a community of learners is that every individual is highly engaged and invested in an endeavor (p. 38)