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Inca civilization

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Inca civilization

  1. 1. The Inca Civilization
  2. 2. Great Civilizations in History
  3. 3. Was the Incan Empire a Great Civilization?
  4. 4. Incas farmed using terraces
  5. 5. Agriculture <ul><li>Grew corn, potatoes, quinoa </li></ul><ul><li>Had storage buildings for surplus food </li></ul><ul><li>Freeze dried their own food for storage </li></ul>
  6. 6. Domesticated Animals <ul><li>Used Llamas as pack animals, for wool, and for meat </li></ul><ul><li>Used Alpacas for wool </li></ul><ul><li>The ruler wore clothing made from the wool of Vicunas </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Alpaca Vicuna </li></ul>
  8. 8. Specialized Jobs <ul><li>The empire had </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Craftspeople </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Messengers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Priests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Royalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chosen Women (religious) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sorcerers </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Weaving
  10. 10. Cities <ul><li>Cuzco </li></ul><ul><li>Quito </li></ul><ul><li>Large cities made out of stone </li></ul><ul><li>Had indoor plumbing </li></ul>
  11. 16. Indoor Plumbing!
  12. 17. Government <ul><li>Controlled by the Sapa Inca </li></ul><ul><li>People paid taxes to the Inca empire </li></ul><ul><li>They could pay through food, items, or offer labor </li></ul>
  13. 19. Religion <ul><li>Sapa Inca was worshipped like a god. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Considered the Son of the Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polytheistic - believed in many gods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worshipped the natural world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Had large festival once a month </li></ul>
  14. 20. Education <ul><li>Only noble boys went to school </li></ul><ul><li>No girls were educated </li></ul><ul><li>Common people taught their children the family skills </li></ul>
  15. 21. Believed in life after death
  16. 22. Made sacrifices to the earth
  17. 23. Trade and Money <ul><li>Elaborate system of roads and bridges </li></ul><ul><li>Trade common throughout the empire </li></ul><ul><li>Bartering system </li></ul><ul><li>People paid taxes every year to the Sapa Inca and he provided them with food and protection </li></ul>
  18. 24. Writing and Record Keeping <ul><li>No formal writing system </li></ul><ul><li>Kept records using a knot and string system called quipus </li></ul>
  19. 25. Quipu