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  1. 1. Life on a Colonial Farm
  2. 2. Most Colonial Farms were… <ul><li>Self sufficient - they could grow all the food they needed and use all the resources on the farm to live without help from other people. </li></ul><ul><li>Some farmers grew cash crops ; however, most farmers simply ran the farm in order to feed their families. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Farms were divided into Acres <ul><li>One acre = 43,560 square feet </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Average Farm was 60 Acres
  5. 5. House Lot- 2 Acres <ul><li>The living space </li></ul><ul><li>Barn, pond, trees, smaller outbuildings, kitchen garden </li></ul><ul><li>Often 10-15 people lived here </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children (usually 4-8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandparents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncles and Aunts who are not married </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Servants and workers </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Wood Lot- 20 Acres <ul><li>Use this for all the fireplaces for the year. </li></ul><ul><li>Use 5 Acres of wood each year </li></ul><ul><li>Had to plant 5 acres each year </li></ul>
  7. 7. Meadow - 15 Acres <ul><li>Used to make Hay </li></ul><ul><li>Hay is used to feed the animals in the winter time. </li></ul><ul><li>Without good meadow land, animals will starve </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pasture -15 Acres <ul><li>A place for the animals to graze </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tillage- 6 Acres <ul><li>The place where the family grew its crops. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat, barley, rye, beets, potatoes, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If the family grew cash crops, this would be bigger. </li></ul><ul><li>Most farm families only grew enough food for themselves. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Orchard- 2 Acres <ul><li>Fruit trees (mostly apple trees, maybe pear, cherry) </li></ul><ul><li>Apples were used to feed the animals and to make cider. </li></ul>