Argentina Culture INTRODUCTION This power point was created to share information and pictures on the culture of Argentina. Some of the topics include food, schooling, and tourist sites. The religion and etiquette practiced in the country is also discussed. Holidays and ceremonies that are important to their culture is shared in some of the slides.Gender roles is addressed and the differences in the expectations between the sexes.
Debora S. – Tourist sites and AttractionsMark D. - Religion and EtiquetteTiera J. – Gender RolesAbbey I. – Food and Culinary CustomsShandria H. – Holidays and Ceremonies
TOURIST Argentina has a vast variety of SHOPPING shopping less customary than that of the United States. It is a famous past time for the many tourists, though a bit of a challenge adjusting to the unfamiliar currency. The local boutiques and outdoor shopping entails http://www.destination360.com/south-america/argentina/shopping a bit of bartering where the indoor shopping has set pricing. Though the malls are more Americanized the art shown in the ceiling reflects the Argentinian culture.http://argentinastravel.com/activities/shopping/shopping- http://esphoto980x880.mnstatic.com/mercadillo-de-la-calle-florida_897171.jpgcenters/
IguazÃº Falls Iguaza Falls was discovered in 1541 by Cabeza De Vaca and established as a National Heritage Site in 1984. The falls stand an amazing 265 feet tall and 2 miles long, bordering Argentina and Brazil. Still remaining one of the most frequented tourist attractions in South America. Though the humidity and heat is difficult to adapt to, it is well worth the discomfort to see these breathtaking fall. Wikipedia 2011 Wikipedia 2011
Recolta Cemetery is located in an eliteneighborhood of Buenos Aires. This isthe burial grounds for Argentina’smost famous and notable people. Thelayout of the cemetery is of wide treelined streets with rows ofmausoleums. The entrance to eachmausoleum has plaques containingfamily name and members.Uncommon to the United States, thiscemetery only displays the date ofdeaths lacking any dates of birth. http://artofbackpacking.com/photos-recoleta- Wikipedia 2011 cemetery/
Religion stats Total population 37,812,817 Roman Catholic 88% Protestant 7% Muslim 2% Jewish 1.5% Other and Nonaffiliated 1.5%(Gill, 2006)
The History of Argentina Religion Before 1539, most of Argentina was populated by migrant/nomadic tribes. In 1539, Spanish colonizers spread Catholicism throughout Argentina. In 1816, Argentina gained independence from Spain. However, after gaining autonomy, the Argentinean government and church still were intertwined. In the 1800s, the proliferation of immigrants created a rising number of Protestants. These immigrants, mainly the Italian and German, carried over their socialist and communist philosophy and culture. From the 1800s to 1990s, the Catholic Church increased its power and influence over Argentina politics. In the 1980s, democracy and equality returned causing a revamp in religious freedom. In 1994 the constitution passed a ruling to protect all religions in Argentina from discrimination. A law requiring the president to be Catholic is abolished; However, Catholicism is still the state religion and holds a considerable grip on bureaucracy. (Gill, 2006)
Religious Culture Among Catholics in Argentina the Virgin Mary is the central point of worship. Many homes, taxi cabs, areas of employment, and even government offices all display statues of the Virgin Mary. The Catholic religion is paramount among the Argentinean people, yet only fifteen percent of Catholics in Argentina attend church regularly. In every Argentina town’s central plaza there is a local Catholic cathedral. Perhaps the most widely known cathedral is Basilica of Lujan. The belief in witch doctors, sorcerers, and spiritual healers is not uncommon. Tarot readings are common enough that you can have your palm read at weekend craft fairs. These customs stem from the proliferation of immigrants and are continually rising in popularity. (Gill, 2006)
Etiquette Argentinean people share an intimate proxemics with each other while conversing. This is unlike the more distant area of comfort like North Americans are accustomed. Rejection of a close physical distance while partaking in a conversation will leave an Argentinean person feeling awkward so it is important to be prepared to have your personal space condensed while in Argentina. Touch ethic is much looser than North American culture. In Argentina both Men and women great each other by exchanging a kiss on the cheek. It is typical to exchange touches while interacting in a conversation and is not considered sexual harassment. Only on formal occasions do people greet by shaking hands. Eye contact is strongly encouraged. It is quite habitual to see people gaze at one another as they pass by. Flirtatious actions and behavior are the norm. It is common to see catcalling throughout the metropolitan. (Beebe, 2010) (Ferradas, 2001)
Punctuality and Mannerisms Punctuality is not as strict or imperative as North American culture. When invited to dinner at a local Argentineans house it is custom to arrive 30 to 45 minutes after the scheduled time. In business meetings the foreign party is expected to be on time while the Argentinean member is not. It is not uncommon to wait up to thirty minutes for a meeting to begin. Argentinean people tend to like to converse socially before business meetings. This usually causes meetings to run late. Be prepared to stay late at meetings, for Argentinean people will likely postpone their next engagement rather than meet a deadline if they are busy socializing. (Gill, 2006)
GENDER ROLESPerhaps the most obvious form of humandiversity is gender-the division of human beings into female and male (Beebe pg 143). http://www.moon.com/destinations/argenti na/essentials/conduct-and- customs/gender-roles
GENDER ROLES It’s a normal thing in the United States for husbands to help their wives with cleaning the house, cooking, or doing the laundry. This is especially true in cases when wives, along with their husbands, work and make their own contribution to the family budget. However, in Latin America, the situation is completely different – such behavior on the part of men would be ridiculed and considered challenging the traditional “machist” perception of manhood.http://www.moon.com/destinations/argentina/esse ntials/conduct-and-customs/gender-roles
GENDER ROLESArgentina has a strong machista (chauvinist)element. Argentine women are traditionallymothers, homemakers, and children’s caregivers,while men are providers and decision-makers,although there are increasing numbers of femaleprofessionals and other working women.http://www.moon.com/destinations/argentina/essentials/conduct-and-customs/gender-roles“ Women and men work, live and play together, so it’s important to explore the effects of gender on communication in order to improve our ability to relate to one another”(Beebe pg 143).
GENDER ROLES Today, with more than 100 million women throughout Latin America a traditional Latin American perception of gender roles is still impeding improvements in the quality of women’s life: the household work is undervalued and there is an overall belief that caring for the home and family is a woman’s responsibility. The tensions between their family life and work also have a negative impact on women’s performance and commitment in the workplace.http://www.moon.com/destinations/argentina/esse ntials/conduct-and-customs/gender-roles
GENDER ROLES In a world of ever- The challenge is not to increasing tensions and let any human conflict arising from differences create a differences in cultures, chasms so large that we religious beliefs, and can’t find ways to political ideologies, ethically adapt our being able to understand communication to create and appropriately adapt shared meaning (Beebe to others is of vital pg 142) importance (Beebe pg142).
• Argentinean cuisine has been influenced by different cultures,including Spanish, Italian, British, and German settlers • Argentinean natives grew crops of squash, melons, and sweet potatoes • Italians introduced pizza and pastas •British immigrants influenced tea time with desserts and sandwiches in the afternoons ( “Argentina”, 2011). Argentina. (2011). Retrieved November 1, 2011, from http://www.foodbycountry.com/argentina.
• Argentineans typically eat • a small breakfast • lunch • afternoon snack and tea time • dinner at 9 p.m.•Street vendors sell food similar to fast food in the United States •Favorite foods include peaches, apricots, grapes and other fruits beef dishes with vegetables “empanadas” or stuffed hand pies “choripan” or sausage sandwich “helado” or Argentinean ice cream sweet candied popcorn and apples (“Argentina”, 2011) Argentina. (2011). Retrieved November 1, 2011, from http://www.foodbycountry.com/argentina.
• Education in Argentina is based on General Basic Education in whichthere are three stages •Children begin schooling at age 5 • 1st stage - 1st, 2nd, 3rd grade • 2nd stage - 4th, 5th, 6th grade • 3rd stage - 7th, 8th, 9th grade •Homeschooling is not practiced, and resources for public schooling are limited (“Education”, 2011).• Because of this, class time is shared between the youngerstudents who are taught in mornings, and older students taught inthe afternoon.• Classes begin at 7:30 a.m. and end at 6:00 p.m. with a break inthe middle of the day.Education and Schools in Argentina. Retrieved November 1, 2011,from http://ExpatArrivals.com/argentina/education-and-schools-in-argentina
• Secondary education is called Polimodal, meaning the students pick theirsubjects.•It was not required to complete Polimodal education until 2007.• Evening classes are available for those 18 and over who want tocomplete secondary education.• State Universities offer classes free of charge. Private universitiescharge tuition and fees (“Education”, 2011). Education and Schools in Argentina. Retrieved November 1, 2011, from http://ExpatArrivals.com/argentina/education-and-schools-in- argentina
The concept of adaption in Argentinean culture• Argentineans have been able to adapt and accept different cultures.• Immigrants who settled in the country influenced Argentina with theirown culture and backgrounds (“Argentina”, 2011).• Those with different ideas helped to influence Argentina’s food andagriculture, along with social behavior and schooling. • Adaption has allowed Argentina to flourish into a rich country, filled with influences from around the world. Argentina. (2011). Retrieved November 1, 2011, from http://www.foodbycountry.com/argentina.
Holidays celebrated in ARGENTINA January 1 New Year’s Day January 6 Epiphany March/ April Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Easter Sunday May 1 Labor Day May 25 Anniversary of the Revolution 1810 June 10 Malvinas Day, commemorating the Falklands War June 20 Flag Day July 9 Independence Day August 17 Anniversary of the death of General Jose de San Martin October 12 Columbus Day December 8 Catholic feast of the Immaculate Conception December 25 Christmas(Gofen& Jermyn, 2002, p.119)
Argentina Traditions Surrounding National Holidays New Year’s Day is celebrated January 1 in Argentina (Gofen& Jermyn, 2002, p.119). It is celebrated with family over a late dinner and fireworks at midnight (The Allure n.d.) According to “The Allure of Argentina”, a common New Year’s Day tradition is to run around the house with a suitcase, which means you will travel more in the coming year. According to “The Allure of Argentina”, Easter is celebrated over a two week period. Palm Sunday to Holy Saturday, the day before Easter , is known as Semana Santa, or Holy Week (The Allure n.d.) “The Allure of Argentina” claims this week involves a complete reenactment of the Passion of Christ in many villages in Argentina. May Revolution of 1810, otherwise known as National Day is celebrated on May 25 in Argentina (Gofen & Jermyn, 2002, p.119) According to “The Allure of Argentina” , Argentina traditionally celebrates National Day with parades, music and traditional foods within each region and most public transportation is free during the holiday for those attending the festivities.
Argentina Traditions Surrounding National Holidays Cont. The people of Argentina celebrate Christmas on December 25 (Gofen/ Jermyn, 2002, p.119) According to “The Allure of Argentina”, the traditions in Argentina that surround Christmas include many of the same that are common in America. Christmas trees, not just evergreen, but every type of tree are decorated with lights and ornaments (The Allure n.d.) Houses are decorated inside and out, many with nativity scenes (The Allure n.d.) Although Christmas takes place in the summer in Argentina, holiday feasts include roasted pork, roasted turkey, mince pies and Christmas pudding (The Allure n.d.) According to “The Allure of Argentina”, summer dishes such as , asado, a barbequed meat dish and warm weather desserts such as ice cream and fresh fruit have become a Christmas tradition in Argentina. After church services on December 24, the Christmas feast is shared in late evening, followed by a midnight toast of champagne, cider or clerico and a fireworks display in early morning December 25.
Festivals of Argentina The oldest festival in Argentina is the Manca Festival, otherwise known as, Festival of the Pot (Gordon, 2004, p.34) According to Gordon it is celebrated the third and fourth Sunday in October. Indian crafters put their native pots and pottery on display to trade them to Argentines for clothing or dried meats (Gordon, 2004, p.34) The National Folklore Festival is held in Cosquin each January (Gordon, 2004, p.35) In an outdoor theater, folk music is performed by muscians and dancers from ten o’ clock in the morning until midnight (Gordon, 2004, p.35) In February, a weeklong wine festival called La Fiesta de la Vendimia is held to celebrate the grape harvest (Gordon, 2004, p.36) The grapes vines are blessed by a Catholic priest and those who attend receive free red wine (Gordon, 2004, p.36)
Adapting to Argentinean Traditions When traveling to a new country such as ,Argentina, it is important to know a little bit about the country’s traditions. How a country celebrates tells a lot about their values. It is also good to know when a festival is coming so that you can plan your trip to take part in the festival. I chose to research the holiday traditions and festivals of Argentina because I wanted to learn what the people of Argentina choose to celebrate. In The Blue Book of Communication Studies, Beebe, Beebe and Ivy (2010) wrote that “ By paying attention to what a culture values, we can get important clues about how to respond to communication messages, establish relationships, and avoid making embarrassing errors when interacting with people from a given culture.” Because all cultures do not value the same things it is important to understand what a certain culture does value. (Beebe, Beebe &Ivy. 2010)
Conclusion Group 3 hopes this power point gave viewers a better insight into the culture of Argentina. Overall this was aproject to help better understand this country and make it possible to communicate with someone from a differentbackground. Adapting to the differences in others is key to better communication.
Questions1. How would giving students the option to complete secondary education affect children in the United States? Why?2. Why do you think women in Argentina are treated differently than women in the United States? Please explain.3. If you were to plan a vacation to Argentina, which holiday or festival would you most like to participate in and why?4. If you could visit one place discussed in the tourist sites and attractions slides, which place would you chose and why?
Works Cited Argentina. (2011). Retrieved November 1, 2011, from http://www.foodbycountry.com/argentina http://artofbackpacking.com/photos-recoleta-cemetery Retrieved 10/31/2011 http://artofbackpacking.com/photos-recoleta-cemetery Retrieved 10/28/20 http://www.argentinaforless.com/travel-guides/ushuaia-guide-expeditions-excursions.php 10/26/2011 http://argentinastravel.com/activities/shopping/shopping-centers Retrieved 10/26/2011 http://argentinastravel.com/destinations/regions/tierra-del-fuego Retrieved 10/26/2011 Beebe, S. A., S. J. & Ivy, D. K. (2010). The Blue Book of Communication Studies (TCC Custom Edition ed., pp. 86-178). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. http://www.destination360.com/south-america/argentina/shopping Retrieved 10/26/2011 Education and Schools in Argentina. Retrieved November 1, 2011, from http://ExpatArrivals.com/argentina/education-and-schools-in-argentina http://esphoto980x880.mnstatic.com/mercadillo-de-la-calle-florida_897171.jpg Retrieved 10/26/2011 FERRADÁS, C. A. (2001). Argentina. In C. R. Ember & M. Ember (Eds.), Countries and Their Cultures (Vol. 1, pp. 77- 92). New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?&id=GALE%7CCX3401700019&v=2.1&u=tacoma_comm&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w Gender Roles-http://www.moon.com/destinations/argentina/essentials/conduct-and-customs/gender-roles (Last updated 2011/Retrieved November 1, 2011) Gender Roles-http://unworks.blogspot.com/2009/06/gender-roles-revisited-latin-american.html (Last updated 2009/Retrieved November 1, 2011) Gill, A. (2006). Argentina. In T. Riggs (Ed.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices (Vol. 2, pp. 34-39). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?&id=GALE%7CCX3437900066&v=2.1&u=tacoma_comm&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w Gofen, E & Jermyn, L. (2002). Cultures of the World Argentina. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation. Gordon, S. (2003). Discovering Cultures Argentina. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation. http://www.mileswithamission.org/Blog/February-2011/Ushuaia,-The-End-Of-The-World.aspx Retrieved 10/26/2011 http://www.studiesabroad.com/programs/country/argentina/city/cordoba/cultureCorner/moneyMatters Retrieved 10/31/2011 Tall Sands Enterprises LLC (2005-2011). Argentina Traditions--Holiday celebrations, Observances and Festivals. The Allure of Argentina. Retrieved October 24, 2011, from http://www.the-allure-of- argentina.com/argentinatraditions.html http://voyage-bons-plans.aufeminin.com/album/see_234321_82/Argentine-Patagonie-de-la-Peninsule-de-Valdes-a- Ushuaia.html Retrieved 11/15/2011 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iguazu_Falls Retrieved 10/31/2011