Upcoming SlideShare
×

# Sign

530 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
• Full Name
Comment goes here.

Are you sure you want to Yes No
Your message goes here
• Be the first to comment

• Be the first to like this

Views
Total views
530
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
4
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

• ### Sign

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f&2-\$J&,-\$O>0+8,2/9\$H1.*,)9*/&1N .3&=\$*32*\$&),\$2>0&,/*3'\$+44+9*/?+>@\$+>/'/12*+.\$*3+\$'2Q&,/*@\$&4\$./01\$ +D*+1./&1.A\$ I3+@\$ 2>.&\$ .3&=\$ *32*\$ /*\$ ./01/4/921*>@\$ /'(,&?+.\$ GH/NJ7<-5-(/.-*0/)J()0.-+0/I88&KLM/)J(.O/B!KLM/.J(H (+,4&,'219+<\$ =3/>+\$ /*\$ /19,+2.+.\$ BHI\$ 9&'(/>2*/&1\$ */'+\$ 8@\$ &1>@\$ /\$g\$'+'h \$\$\$\$\$\$\$7\$M!N RA!!SA\$J+\$/'(>+'+1*+-\$&),\$2>0&,/*3'\$4&,\$(,&0,2'.\$/1\$B2?2<\$8)*\$ /\$g\$/\$i\$!h \$\$\$\$\$\$\$7\$M6N /\$g\$+D*+1-M/Nh\$\$\$\$\$\$\$7\$M5N\$\$bb\$+D(>/9/*\$./01\$+D*+1./&1\$/.\$,+E)/,+- /*\$921\$8+\$2((>/+-\$*&\$21@\$>210)20+\$,+E)/,/10\$./01\$+D*+1./&1.A\$ *\$g\$M-&)8>+N\$/h\$\$\$\$\$\$7\$M;N\$\$bb\$\$\$').*\$8+\$./017+D+*+1-+- M+D*+1-M\$N\$-+1&*+.\$2\$./01\$+D*+1./&1\$/1.*,)9*/&1\$4,&'\$5678/*\$*&\$:;78/*N &'()*+,-)./'01/#234)5(/6).5,-7(+,./
2. 2. +%,-).%'("/)#01' ' 2"0\$%"'3).)#)4%' 2".7"'8-0-)&9\$':);"&)#"&7' sign extension /)B'D)/)#"B'()4)E)*)B'>A>@FGH>B'I)J)4'' /)#01B'4).)#)4%'NOLJP%;/P9"/'' ' R RR\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$RR R \$*&\$:;78/*\$ :5 56 5! R :5 56 5! R @\$2,+\$.*/>>\$ \$ .(+9/4/+.\$ ! !!\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$!! ! )93\$ B2?2\$ :5 56 5! R :5 56 5! R \$ 1@\$ 5678/*\$ F-*2,)/@A/#-*0/)J()0.-+0/+P/'/QGR3-(/S'<2)/(+/'/KLR3-(/S'<2)/ ,\$ /1*+0+,\$ -A\$ H1\$ *3/.\$ @H/B97<-5-(/I'2(+9'(-5H/.-*0/)J()0.-+0/I88&KLM/<?'H /'/12*/10\$ . .\$.\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$.\$. . HKL\$B2?2\$ 5! R :5 56 5! R *2>\$,+.)>*.\$ >=2 Mf&2-\$J&,-\$O>0+8,2/9\$H1.*,)9*/&1N *@\$&4\$./01\$ /'(,&?+.\$ GH/NJ7<-5-(/.-*0/)J()0.-+0/I88&KLM/)J(.O/B!KLM/.J(H \$ 8@\$ &1>@\$ /\$g\$'+'h \$\$\$\$\$\$\$7\$M!N B2?2<\$8)*\$ /\$g\$/\$i\$!h \$\$\$\$\$\$\$7\$M6N /\$g\$+D*+1-M/Nh\$\$\$\$\$\$\$7\$M5N\$\$bb\$+D(>/9/*\$./01\$+D*+1./&1\$/.\$,+E)/,+- 1.A\$ *\$g\$M-&)8>+N\$/h\$\$\$\$\$\$7\$M;N\$\$bb\$\$\$').*\$8+\$./017+D+*+1-+- M+D*+1-M\$N\$-+1&*+.\$2\$./01\$+D*+1./&1\$/1.*,)9*/&1\$4,&'\$5678/*\$*&\$:;78/*N F-*2,)/GA/\$?+/(>7)./+P/.-*0/)J()0.-+0/ '()*+"\$,%-
3. 3. only no-affected extension 14*#Nh#``#N#1)#,#./I01*#',%1,07(:# 14*#*#]#Rh#``#*#1)#,#./I01*#',%1,07(:# 14*#1#]#<(<h#``#1#1)#,#./I01*#',%1,07(:# 14*#M#]#R6R2222222h#``#M#1)#,#./I01*#',%1,07(:# 1#]#(6*(43?1@h# # I#?!@##?5,4#0(#(71<14,*(3@# 3&#i# 1#]#1#I#!h# # I#?/@# 1#]#(6*(43?1@h# I#?.@# N#]#,X1Yh# # I#?K@# N#]#(6*(43?N@h## I#?A@##?5,4#0(#(71<14,*(3@# N#]#N#j#Mh# # I#?J@# N#]#(6*(43?N@h## I#?B@##?5,4#0(#(71<14,*(3@# *#]#Nh# # I#?"@# *#]#(6*(43?*@h## I#?S@# k#8+17(?1#l#)*,%*@h# ``#4((3#)194#(6*(4)1&4#2&%#*# 3#]#?3&-07(@#*h# # I#?!R@# # !"#\$%&'(+',"-"./."012'03'.4&'3"%2.'/5#0%".4-'
4. 4. %())# 2,17# *&# 0(# (71<14,*(3# -)149# *+1)# ,79&%1*+<# ('(4# 8+(4# *+,*# )194# (6*(4)1&4#14)*%-5*1&4#5,4#0(#<&'(3#&-*#&2#*+(#7&&\$:#E&%#(6,<\$7(=# )*+& 3(# ,# Contributions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`U_#5+,14)#X!Y#2&%#*+(#,0&'(#*8&#9&,7):# !" G*#14)(%*)#)194#(6*(4)1&4)# 0(2&%(# (71<14,*1&4:# H# 5&<014,*1&4# &2#14)(%*1&4#,43#(71<14,*1&4#5,4#(22(5*1'(7>#<&'(#)194#(6*(4I )1&4)#*&#7())#2%(F-(4*7>#(6(5-*(3#%(91&4)=#,43#\$,%*15-7,%7>#&-*# &2#7&&\$):# ;(#1<\$7(<(4*(3#&-%#,79&%1*+<#14#&-%#\$%&3-5*1&4I7('(7#a,',#a-)*I 14ID1<(#?aGD@#5&<\$17(%#2&%#GHIJK:#G4#&%3(%#*&#1<\$%&'(#\$&%*,0171*># &2#&-%#aGD#5&<\$17(%=#<,4>#&\$*1<1P,*1&4)#X!R=#!!=#!/=#!J=#!S=#/RY#
5. 5. '4/?/1.*/+1\$ ,+(\$ .((.@\$ /13/8')6\$ 7'8*/+1\$ A\$ )&+5)\$ *&'\$ -'(,+(?.18'\$ * Flow Design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
6. 6. M\$_ G7''\$7'8*/+1\$<\$,+(\$*&'\$*&'+('?)\$*&.*\$M;)*/,@\$*&/)\$'4/?/1.*/+16H\$ *\$` Approaches 7*'-\$ G9H\$ .4)+\$ +-*/?/2')\$ )/01\$ '>*'1)/+1)6\$ N+(\$ '>.?-4'F\$ 5&'1\$ .\$ 8+1)*.1*\$/)\$-(+-.0.*'3\$.)\$*&'\$)+;(8'\$+-'(.13\$+,\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1F\$ *\$_ d\$5&/ WW\$1'' 3\$_\$G3 HAJ#\$/,-,5A>#E/:-/AB \$\$\$*\$_\$/\$`\$Ma \$\$\$.Q*\$`\$!R\$_\$Xa \$\$\$3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a HIJ#K050/A80#A#9,-5#078059,:5#AC80/#@0C,5,8,:5 # HAJ#\$ \$\$\$G=',+('\$'4/?/1.*/+1H G.,*'(\$'4/?/1.*/+1H \$\$\$*\$_\$/\$`\$Ma *\$_\$/\$`\$Ma , \$\$#8#L#07805@H#8#JM 8#L#07805@H#8#JM /1*\$Ma\$ \$\$\$*!\$_\$*\$`\$!a *!\$_\$*\$`\$!a /1*\$*\$_ \$\$#83#L#07805@H#83#JM /1*\$/\$_ \$\$\$.Q\$*!\$R\$_\$Xa .Q\$*!\$R\$_\$Xa 3+\$b\$ \$\$\$3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a /\$_ M\$_ HNJ#K050/A80#A#9,-5#078059,:5#I0C:/0#.90 # \$\$\$G=',+('\$'4/?/1.*/+1H G.,*'(\$'4/?/1.*/+1H M\$_ \$\$\$*\$_\$/\$`\$Ma *\$_\$/\$`\$Ma *\$` \$\$\$*!\$_\$*\$`\$!a *!\$_\$*\$`\$!a *\$_ \$\$\$83#L#07805@H#83#JM 83#L#07805@H#83#JM d\$5&/ \$\$\$.Q\$*!\$R\$_\$Xa .Q\$*!\$R\$_\$Xa WW\$1'' \$\$\$8#L#07805@H#8#JM 8#L#07805@H#8#JM 3\$_\$G3 \$\$\$3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a \$ +,-./0#2"#F?:#AEE/:AND09#8:#-050/A80#9,-5#078059,:59#
7. 7. ':'(@\$ /1)*(;8*/+1\$ !\$ *&.*\$ ('J;/(')\$ .\$ )/01\$ '>*'1)/+1F\$ ;14'))\$ *&'\$ /1*\$*\$_\$Xa\$WW\$"\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$ /1*\$*\$_\$Xa\$WW\$"\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ '>'8;*'3\$('0/+16\$N/1.44@F\$/1\$*&'\$*&/(3\$-&.)'\$GG<HC<HF\$('3;13.1*\$)/01\$ )+;(8'\$ +-'(.13\$ +,\$ *&'\$ /1)*(;8*/+1\$ !\$ /)\$ 0;.(.1*''3\$ *+\$ ='\$ )/01C /1*\$/\$_\$?'?a\$WW\$#\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$ /1*\$/\$_\$?'?a\$WW\$#\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ '>*'13'36\$ K'\$.('\$ '4/?/1.*'3\$ ;)/10\$ UVWVU\$ 8&./1)6\$ %&'\$ ,+44+5/10\$ '>*'1)/+1)\$ ;)'\$ *&'\$ ,/()*\$ .--(+.8&\$ /1\$ +(3'(\$ *+\$ ?+)*\$ ',,'8*/:'4@\$ /\$_\$'>*'13G/Ha\$ C\$G!H\$ /\$_\$'>*'13G/Ha\$ C\$G!H\$ (3)-1 Sign Extension Insertion \$G<H *&(''\$)'8*/+1)\$3')8(/='\$'.8&\$-&.)'6\$ 3+\$b\$ \$ 3+\$b\$ +-*/?/2'\$ )/01\$ '>*'1)/+1)6\$+,-./0# 2\$ /)\$ .1\$ '>.?-4'\$ *+\$ )&+5\$ *&')'\$ \$ /\$_\$/\$C\$!a\$ C\$G9H\$ /\$_\$/\$C\$!a\$\$ C\$G9H\$ *5+\$.--(+.8&')6\$L1\$*&/)\$'>.?-4'F\$/,\$*&'\$8+?-/4'(\$0'1'(.*')\$.\$)/01\$ /\$_\$'>*'13G/Ha\$ C\$G<H\$ \$ /\$_\$'>*'13G/Ha\$ C\$G<H\$ \$ !"3# 4,-5#678059,:5#;590/8,:5# '>*'1)/+1\$.*\$.\$;)'\$-+/1*\$.)\$/1\$G8HF\$1+\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$8.1\$='\$'4/?/C M\$_\$.Q/Ra\$ C\$GAH\$ M\$_\$.Q/Ra\$ C\$GAH\$ \$ 1.*'36\$L1\$8+1*(.)*F\$/,\$*&'\$8+?-/4'(\$0'1'(.*')\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$.*\$.\$ L1\$ *&'\$ ,/()*\$ -&.)'F\$ 5'\$ /1)'(*\$ *5+\$ D/13)\$ +,\$ )/01\$ '>*'1)/+1)6\$ %+\$ M\$_\$'>*'13GMHa\$\$ C\$GBH\$ \$ #\$%\$&'(")*+"*,-*-.#/\$0\$.12/\$ 3',/1/*/+1\$ -+/1*\$ .)\$ /1\$ G=HF\$ +1'\$ )/01\$ '>*'1)/+1\$4++-)F\$ 5'\$ /1)'(*\$ )/01\$ M\$_\$M\$c\$X>X,,,,,,,a\$ C\$GEH\$ M\$_\$'>*'13GMHa\$\$ C\$GBH\$ 1\$ '>*'1C '4/?/1.*'\$ )/01\$ '>*'1)/+1)\$ ',,'8*/:'4@\$ ,(+?\$ 8.1\$ ='\$ '4/?/1.*'36\$ M\$_\$'>*'13GMHa\$\$ C\$GTH\$ \$ M\$_\$M\$c\$X>X,,,,,,,a\$ C\$GEH\$ (.1)4.*')\$ G7''\$7'8*/+1\$<\$,+(\$*&'\$*&'+('?)\$*&.*\$M;)*/,@\$*&/)\$'4/?/1.*/+16H\$ /)\$ *&'\$ '>*'1)/+1\$ /1)*(;8*/+1)6\$ L1\$ *&'\$ '>.?-4'\$ +,\$ +,-./0# <F\$ G!XH\$ *\$`_\$Ma\$ \$ C\$G"H\$ \$ M\$_\$'>*'13GMHa\$\$ C\$GTH\$ \$.\$<9C=/*\$ +14@\$/1)*(;8*/+1\$*&.*\$('J;/(')\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$,+(\$"6\$L,\$)/01\$'>*'1C *\$_\$'>*'13G*Ha\$\$ C\$G#H\$ \$ *\$`_\$Ma\$ \$ C\$G"H\$ 7*'-\$ G9H\$ .4)+\$ +-*/?/2')\$ )/01\$ '>*'1)/+1)6\$ N+(\$ '>.?-4'F\$ 5&'1\$ .\$ d\$5&/4'G/\$e\$)*.(*Ha\$ *\$_\$'>*'13G*Ha\$\$ C\$G#H\$ .('\$ *5+\$ )/+1\$'4/?/1.*/+1\$/)\$.--4/'3\$&'('\$5/*&+;*\$/1)'(*/+1F\$*&'\$)/01\$'>*'1C \$ 8+1)*.1*\$/)\$-(+-.0.*'3\$.)\$*&'\$)+;(8'\$+-'(.13\$+,\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1F\$ WW\$1''3\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$,+(\$"\$ d\$5&/4'G/\$e\$)*.(*Ha\$ \$*+\$0'1C )/+1\$G#H\$5/44\$)*/44\$('?./1\$/1\$*&'\$4++-\$.)\$)&+51\$/1\$+,-./0#=G.H6\$%+\$ 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H*a\$ C\$G!XH\$ \$ WW\$1''3\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$,+(\$"\$ .*\$/)\$/?C .:+/3\$*&/)\$/1',,/8/'18@F\$5'\$/1)'(*\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$/1)*(;8*/+1\$/?C HAJ#\$/,-,5A>#E/:-/AB \$ "\$%\$*+"*,-."/3\$ 0\$.11/\$ )*/1.*/+1\$ ?'3/.*'4@\$=',+('\$':'(@\$/1)*(;8*/+1\$5&'('\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$/)\$1'8')C \$\$\$*\$_\$/\$`\$Ma 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H*a\$ C\$G!XH\$ \$\$\$.Q*\$`\$!R\$_\$Xa ).(@\$ ;14'))\$ /*)\$ :.(/.=4'\$ /)\$ +=:/+;)4@\$ )/01C'>*'13'36\$ %+\$ =.4.18'\$ /+1\$ !\$ /)\$ \$\$\$3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a +,-./0#<"#67ABE>0#:C#,590/8,5-#A#9,-5#078059,:5# '\$ .\$ )/01\$ \$ HIJ#'C80/#,590/8,:5# \$ HIJ#K050/A80#A#9,-5#078059,:5#AC80/#@0C,5,8,:5 HAJ#O0C:/0#,590/8,:5# # HAJ#\$E8,B,G0@#/09.>8#?,8D:.8# HIJ#\$E8,B,G0@#/09.>8#?,8D# @\$ =',+('\$ \$\$\$G=',+('\$'4/?/1.*/+1H \$ /1*\$Ma\$WW\$!\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ G.,*'(\$'4/?/1.*/+1H \$ /1*\$Ma\$WW\$!\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ ,590/8,:5# ,590/8,:5# 4'))\$ *&'\$ \$\$\$*\$_\$/\$`\$Ma /1*\$*\$_\$Xa\$WW\$"\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ *\$_\$/\$`\$Ma \$ /1*\$*\$_\$Xa\$WW\$"\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$ \$\$#8#L#07805@H#8#JM 8#L#07805@H#8#JM /1*\$Ma\$WW\$!\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ /1*\$Ma\$WW\$!\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ ='\$ )/01C /1*\$/\$_\$?'?a\$WW\$#\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$\$\$*!\$_\$*\$`\$!a \$ /1*\$/\$_\$?'?a\$WW\$#\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ *!\$_\$*\$`\$!a /1*\$*\$_\$Xa\$WW\$"\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$ /1*\$*\$_\$Xa\$WW\$"\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ ,'8*/:'4@\$ /\$_\$'>*'13G/Ha\$ C\$G!H\$ /\$_\$'>*'13G/Ha\$ C\$G!H\$ /1*\$/\$_\$?'?a\$WW\$#\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ /1*\$/\$_\$?'?a\$WW\$#\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$\$#83#L#07805@H#83#JM 3+\$b\$ \$\$\$.Q\$*!\$R\$_\$Xa \$ 3+\$b\$ \$ 5\$ *&')'\$ \$ .Q\$*!\$R\$_\$Xa 3+\$b\$ \$ 3+\$b\$ /\$_\$/\$C\$!a\$ \$\$\$3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*aC\$G9H\$ /\$_\$/\$C\$!a\$\$ 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a C\$G9H\$ /\$_\$/\$C\$!a\$ C\$G9H\$ /\$_\$/\$C\$!a\$\$ C\$G9H\$ ')\$.\$)/01\$ /\$_\$'>*'13G/Ha\$ C\$G<H\$ \$ /\$_\$'>*'13G/Ha\$ C\$G<H\$ \$ M\$_\$.Q/Ra\$ C\$GAH\$ M\$_\$.Q/Ra\$ C\$GAH\$ ='\$'4/?/C HNJ#K050/A80#A#9,-5#078059,:5#I0C:/0#.90 M\$_\$.Q/Ra\$ C\$GAH\$ \$ # M\$_\$.Q/Ra\$ C\$GAH\$ \$ \$\$\$G=',+('\$'4/?/1.*/+1H G.,*'(\$'4/?/1.*/+1H M\$_\$M\$c\$X>X,,,,,,,a\$ C\$GEH\$ M\$_\$M\$c\$X>X,,,,,,,a\$ C\$GEH\$ )/+1\$.*\$.\$ M\$_\$'>*'13GMHa\$\$ C\$GBH\$ \$ #\$%\$&'(")*+"*,-*-.#/\$0\$.12/\$ *\$`_\$Ma\$ \$ C\$G"H\$ \$ *\$`_\$Ma\$ \$ C\$G"H\$ \$\$\$*\$_\$/\$`\$Ma M\$_\$M\$c\$X>X,,,,,,,a\$ C\$GEH\$ *\$_\$/\$`\$Ma M\$_\$'>*'13GMHa\$\$ C\$GBH\$ ?/1.*'36\$ \$\$\$*!\$_\$*\$`\$!a \$ *!\$_\$*\$`\$!a *\$_\$'>*'13G*Ha\$\$ C\$G#H\$ \$ \$ M\$_\$'>*'13GMHa\$\$ C\$GTH\$ \$\$\$83#L#07805@H#83#JM M\$_\$M\$c\$X>X,,,,,,,a\$ C\$GEH\$ 83#L#07805@H#83#JM d\$5&/4'G/\$e\$)*.(*Ha\$ d\$5&/4'G/\$e\$)*.(*Ha\$ 16H\$ *\$`_\$Ma\$ \$ \$ \$ \$\$\$.Q\$*!\$R\$_\$Xa C\$G"H\$ M\$_\$'>*'13GMHa\$\$ .Q\$*!\$R\$_\$Xa C\$GTH\$ WW\$1''3\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$,+(\$"\$ WW\$1''3\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$,+(\$"\$ *\$_\$'>*'13G*Ha\$\$ C\$G#H\$ \$\$\$8#L#07805@H#8#JM \$ *\$`_\$Ma\$ \$ 8#L#07805@H#8#JM C\$G"H\$ 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H*a\$ C\$G!XH\$ \$ "\$%\$*+"*,-."/3\$ 0\$.11/\$ 5&'1\$ .\$ d\$5&/4'G/\$e\$)*.(*Ha\$ *\$_\$'>*'13G*Ha\$\$ C\$G#H\$ \$\$\$3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a \$ 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H\$*a \$ 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H*a C\$G!XH\$ >*'1)/+1F\$ WW\$1''3\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$,+(\$"\$ d\$5&/4'G/\$e\$)*.(*Ha\$ 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H*a\$ C\$G!XH\$ \$ WW\$1''3\$.\$)/01\$'>*'1)/+1\$,+(\$"\$ +,-./0#2"#F?:#AEE/:AND09#8:#-050/A80#9,-5#078059,:59# +,-./0#="#FD0#:E8,B,G0@#/09.>8#:C#+,-./0#<# \$ "\$%\$*+"*,-."/3\$ 0\$.11/\$ 3\$_\$G3+;=4'H*a\$ C\$G!XH\$ +,-./0#<"#67ABE>0#:C#,590/8,5-#A#9,-5#078059,:5# !"#\$ \$ HAJ#\$E8,B,G0@#/09.>8#?,8D:.8# HIJ#\$E8,B,G0@#/09.>8#?,8D# ,590/8,:5# \$ ,590/8,:5# /1*\$Ma\$WW\$!\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$ /1*\$Ma\$WW\$!\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ /1*\$*\$_\$Xa\$WW\$"\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$ /1*\$*\$_\$Xa\$WW\$"\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ /1*\$/\$_\$?'?a\$WW\$#\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ \$ /1*\$/\$_\$?'?a\$WW\$#\$/)\$.\$<9C=/*\$:.(/.=4'\$ 3+\$b\$ \$ 3+\$b\$ /\$_\$/\$C\$!a\$ C\$G9H\$ /\$_\$/\$C\$!a\$\$ C\$G9H\$ M\$_\$.Q/Ra\$ C\$GAH\$ \$ M\$_\$.Q/Ra\$ C\$GAH\$ M\$_\$M\$c\$X>X,,,,,,,a\$ C\$GEH\$ \$ M\$_\$M\$c\$X>X,,,,,,,a\$ C\$GEH\$ *\$`_\$Ma\$ \$ C\$G"H\$ \$ *\$`_\$Ma\$ \$ C\$G"H\$ *\$_\$'>*'13G*Ha\$\$ C\$G#H\$ \$
8. 8. 2,+,)2,)%+*\$/+,+\$&-\$%&-/),)&-+*\$G7+-%6.29\$:6.-\$,6.\$)-,.7(7.,.7\$0)-/2\$ (3)-2 Order determination ,6+,\$ +\$ '.,6&/\$ )2\$ .F.%8,./\$ 07.V8.-,*53\$ ,6.\$ /5-+')%\$ %&'()*.7\$ )2\$ %+**./9\$T,\$,6+,\$,)'.3\$,6.\$)-,.7(7.,.7\$(7&1)/.2\$,6.\$2,+,)2,)%+*\$/+,+\$,&\$ ,6.\$/5-+')%\$%&'()*.79\$ A-B\$C(/.&(\$(1!+!,-*!., AFB\$G(941*\$@ AHB\$G(941*\$" \$\$)\$P\$O\$g\$I_ \$\$)\$P\$O\$g\$I_ \$\$)\$P\$O\$g\$I_ \$\$!\$D\$(8*(,'A!BE \$\$!\$D\$(8*(,'A!BE \$\$/&\$^ \$\$/&\$^ \$\$/&\$^ \$\$\$\$\$)\$P\$)\$g\$!_ \$\$\$\$\$)\$P\$)\$g\$!_ \$\$\$\$\$)\$P\$)\$g\$!_ \$\$\$\$\$!\$D\$(8*(,'A!BE \$\$\$\$\$!\$D\$(8*(,'A!BE \$\$\$\$\$+A)C\$P\$#_ \$\$\$\$\$+A)C\$P\$#_ \$\$\$\$\$+A)C\$P\$#_ \$\$b\$46)*.<)\$h\$.-/@_ \$\$b\$46)*.<)\$h\$.-/@_ \$\$b\$46)*.<)\$h\$.-/@_ \$ 2!34&(\$5#\$08-+I1(\$&(J4!&!,3\$.&'(&\$'(*(&+!,-*!.,\$ "#6\$ 7!3,\$08*(,9!.,\$01!+!,-*!.,\$ D6.\$;&+*\$&0\$,6)2\$&(,)')X+,)&-\$)2\$,&\$+-+*5X.\$+-/\$.*)')-+,.\$.+%6\$2);-\$ we eliminate sign extensions starting from the most .F,.-2)&-\$ 2,+7,)-;\$ 07&'\$ regions. 07.V8.-,*5\$ .F.%8,./\$ 7.;)&-3\$ /.E frequently executed ,6.\$ '&2,\$ !"#
9. 9. \$ (+,6\$ D6.\$ +*;&7),6'\$ ?*)')-+,.Y-.?F,.-/\$ +-+*5X.2\$ +-/\$ .*)')-+,.2\$ &-.\$ /\$ 0&7E 2);-\$ .F,.-2)&-\$ G5\$ 82)-;\$ Z>[>Z\$ %6+)-29\$ :.\$ +228'.\$ ,6+,\$ .+%6\$ .7,)&-\$ 6&4-\$ Sign Extension Elimination )-2,78%,)&-\$ 6+2\$ ,67..\$ 0*+;23\$ ZQ?3\$ >?J3\$ +-/\$ TWWT3\$ ,&\$ )-/)%+,.\$ ,6+,\$ ,6.\$ )-2,78%,)&-\$ 6+2\$ G..-\$ ,7+1.72./\$ 0&7\$ .+%6\$ %6.%I9\$ :.\$ -&,.\$ 7),6'\$ 6.7.\$ ,6+,\$ UEG),\$ +-/\$ !]EG),\$ 2);-\$ .F,.-2)&-2\$ +7.\$ +*2&\$ .*)')-+,./\$ The algorithm EliminateOneExtend analyzes and eliminates one sign extension by using UD/DU chains. +*;&E G+2./\$&-\$,6.\$2+'.\$+*;&7),6'3\$+*,6&8;6\$4.\$/.2%7)G.\$,6.\$+*;&7),6'\$ &-*5\$0&7\$.*)')-+,)-;\$LKEG),\$2);-\$.F,.-2)&-2\$)-\$,6)2\$2.%,)&-9\$ .1.75\$ 01!+!,-*(%,(08*(,'<!"#@\$^\$ -/./3\$ )-),)+*)X.\$+**\$0*+;2\$<ZQ?3>?J3TWWT@\$0&7\$+**\$)-2,78%,)&-2_\$ +2.\$&0\$ 7.V8)7./\$P\$JT`Q?_\$ .*)')E [a\$82.\$>ZE%6+)-\$a[\$ 0&7\$<\$\$!\$+**\$)-2,78%,)&-2\$,6+,\$82.\$,6.\$/.2,)-+,)&-\$&(.7+-/\$&0\$!"#@^\$ *)')E 7.V8)7./\$P\$T-+*5X.ZQ?<!"#3\$\$3\$DWZ?@_\$ )0\$<7.V8)7./@\$G7.+I_\$ b\$ &-\$+,\$ )0\$<7.V8)7./@^\$ +,@\$+,\$ [a\$82.\$Z>E%6+)-\$a[\$ 0&7\$<\$\$!\$+**\$)-2,78%,)&-2\$,6+,\$/.0)-.\$,6.\$2&87%.\$&(.7+-/\$&0\$!"#@^\$ \$2);-\$ 7.V8)7./\$P\$T-+*5X.>?J<\$@_\$ ./\$ +2\$ )0\$<7.V8)7./@\$G7.+I_\$ b\$ b\$ )0\$<c7.V8)7./@\$.*)')-+,.\$?dD_\$ b\$ ,\$ 07.E G&,6\$ R-\$(7)-%)(*.3\$+\$2);-\$.F,.-2)&-\$%+-\$G.\$.*)')-+,./\$)0\$),2\$2&87%.\$&(.7E
10. 10. Handling of Array Subscripts
11. 11. D#%S"^G\$ DR"%]"^G\$ DQ%QQ^G\$ !\$\$\$\$\$DQ%#^G !\$\$DQ%];^G\$ !\$\$\$DT%"T^G D#"%;T^G\$ D]Q%!^G D";%!^G DS#%R^G\$ !D#"%QS^G\$ #]];!T]"]\$ S;R;R;S\$ #!;"]Q;\$ STQRS R!RR\$ !#SSRRQ ;Q#"]TS#\$ !!#"Q] R!#;"# ST!!\$ #. Eliminated sign extensions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
12. 12. !\$\$\$:#R6#RYB\$ !\$\$\$\$:RL6WLYB\$ !\$\$\$\$:LL6[RYB\$ !\$\$\$\$:[S6ZRYB\$ !\$\$\$\$:##6R!YB\$ !\$\$\$\$:R"6ZXYB\$ !\$\$\$\$:RS6RZYB\$ !\$\$\$\$:RL6ZXYB\$ !"R!S#R\$ Z!#SS[RR\$ ZRZ!X#L!X\$ WW!X##SS\$ #RW#S!SW\$ Z["""Z!L\$ S[#RXWXR\$ \$ *%%*C\$ #. Eliminated sign extensions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
13. 13. Performance Improvement ]; !P:V; >*&/)\$(60+&*).3\$U8=5\$>6+=W !A; G:9; ,'=\$(60+&*).3\$U(66W G; !!:!; !V; ":B; >*&/)\$(60+&*).3\$U8=5\$>6+=W #; ,'=\$(60+&*).3\$U(66W ]:G; !9; ]:G; G:#; B; #:]; ]; #:P; B:]; A; P:A; P:P; #; P:9; P:"; P:G; V:G; V:A; P; V:"; A; V:P; !:B; V; V; 9:G; 9:#; 9:B; 9:B; 9:P; Q9:A; Q9:#; 9:B; 9:B; !; 9:A; 9; 9:!; 9:!; 9:!; 9:9; QV; 9; I@3: M)&:\$M+&) ^*)>*'65 ?C\$T3@: ?+@&*'& L//*0, RXTL _@>>3(, I'@&(6 `J 3)&) ['// %+32&'// 58 32'0(@5*+ [(%Y [(<(% M+&) I') X'%+3: ^(/'6*,'a\$0','&()'\$(\$/*0,\$'1)',/*+,\$*,/)&@%)*+,\$[@/)\$8'>+&'\$'(%.\$*,/)&@%)*+,\$&'Z@*&*,0\$*) ^(/'6*,'a\$0','&()'\$(\$/*0,\$'1)',/*+,\$*,/)&@%)*+,\$[@/)\$8'>+&'\$'(%.\$*,/)&@%)*+,\$&'Z@*&*,0\$*) \$ \$ ./0123#4J"#\$32DA2G:CF3#(GH2AK3G3CI#DA2#L>M9&G:2?# ./0123#4!"#\$32DA2G:CF3#(GH2AK3G3CI#DA2#+\$&6LKGNO# U(W\$CXT\$(22&+(%. U8W\$O@&\$(22&+(%. 9:;<3#="#>23:?@ABC#AD#E(9#FAGH/<:I/AC#I/G3# M*0,\$'1)',/*+,\$ JXNXJ\$%.(*,\$ \$ O).'&/\$ U!W U!W +2)*3*4()*+,/\$U(66W\$ %&'()*+,\$ UVW UPW UVW UPW 3)&)\$ 9:V9;\$ V:P!;\$ "G:A";\$ )\$b\$'1)',5U)W )\$b\$'1)',5U)W ['//\$ 9:V9;\$ V:AA;\$ "G:P#;\$ 9:!P;\$ P:9B;\$ "#:]V;\$ UAW UAW %+32&'//\$ O,'\$+>\$/*0, '1)',/*+,/\$*/ 58\$ 9:9];\$ V:B#;\$ "G:PB;\$ '6*3*,()'5