Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Chapter 3 Lectures

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. Applications Software Chapter 3 B.M.H
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Applications Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to use the SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to acquire the SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business SW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer People </li></ul>MIU
  3. 3. Software <ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: The planned, step-by-step set of instructions required to turn data into information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Handles internal computer functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps the computer use peripheral devices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dose not transform the computer into the various kinds of machines that you need </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applications SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enables a computer to become a multipurpose machine and to perform many different tasks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps you accomplish a specific task </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  4. 4. Applications Software (1) <ul><li>It can help you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform calculations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage financial resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compose music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain files of information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And so on </li></ul></ul>MIU
  5. 5. Applications Software (2) <ul><li>Custom software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>specifically tailored to their need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Custom : made to order) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer programmers write custom SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(People who design,write,test,and implement SW) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Packaged software (commercial SW) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>packaged in a container of some sort, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>usually a box or folder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sold in stores or through catalogs or Web sites </li></ul></ul>MIU
  6. 6. MIU
  7. 7. How to Use the SW <ul><li>In general, begin by installing the SW on a computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inserting the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM into the drive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Following the instructions that appear on the screen </li></ul></ul>MIU
  8. 8. How to Acquire the SW <ul><li>Category of SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freeware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shareware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public domain SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open-source SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial SW </li></ul></ul>MIU
  9. 9. Acquiring SW (1) <ul><li>Freeware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SW for which there is no fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>copyrighted ; the author retains legal ownership and may place restrictions on its use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public domain SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncopyrighted SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used, or even altered, without restriction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex) SW developed by universities and research institutions using government grants </li></ul></ul>MIU Application Software
  10. 10. Acquiring SW (2) <ul><li>Open-source SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A variation of freeware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freeware ; Users can ’ t make changes to programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freely distributed in a format that allows programmers to make changes to it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex) SW designed to run under the Linux OS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shareware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freely distributed, but only for a trial period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After a free trial period, register and pay a nominal fee to use it </li></ul></ul>MIU Application Software
  11. 11. Acquiring SW (3) <ul><li>Commercial SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(such as word processing or spreadsheet SW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>copyrighted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must not be copied without permission from the manufacturer </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Software Piracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making illegal copies of commercial SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is punishable under the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Piracy : reproducing a book, etc, without permission) </li></ul></ul>MIU Application Software
  12. 12. Acquiring SW (4) <ul><li>How to purchase commercial SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small retail software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warehouse stores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mail-order houses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic software distribution </li></ul></ul>MIU Application Software
  13. 13. Acquiring SW (5) <ul><li>Electronic software distribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A user can get freeware, shareware, and even commercial software from the Internet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To download copyrighted SW free from the manufacturer for a trial period </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online venders offer a wide range of popular business and consumer SW for download </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ASP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: Application Service Provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>: an alternative method of delivering application via the Internet. </li></ul></ul>MIU
  14. 14. Acquiring SW (6) <ul><li>Application service provider (ASP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A company that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sets up and maintains applications SW on its own systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes the SW available for its customers to use over the Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A business can avoid the expenses involved in installing and maintaining its own application </li></ul></ul>MIU
  15. 15. Software Jargon <ul><li>Task-oriented software (Productive software) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>help users work more effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Office suite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A number of applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>that are packaged together and sold as a unit </li></ul></ul>MIU
  16. 16. Document Production SW <ul><li>Assists you with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>composing, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>editing, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>designing , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>printing, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>electronically publishing documents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing SW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop publishing SW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web authoring SW </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  17. 17. Spreadsheet SW MIU <ul><li>Exercise the expanse spreadsheet on page 3-75 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Database Management SW <ul><li>The management of a collection of interrelated facts </li></ul><ul><li>handles data in several ways </li></ul><ul><li>Helps us </li></ul><ul><ul><li>store, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>find, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organize, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>update and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>report information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Database SW </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  19. 19. Presentation SW <ul><li>Provides all of the tools you need </li></ul><ul><li>for combining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>text, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>graphics, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>graphs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>animations, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>into a series of electronic slides </li></ul></ul>MIU
  20. 20. MIU
  21. 21. MIU
  22. 22. Graphics SW <ul><li>Helps you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>create, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>edit, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manipulate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3D graphics SW </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  23. 23. MIU
  24. 24. Connectivity SW <ul><li>Connects you computer to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a local computer network or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provides tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>that you can use to take advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the information and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>communications they offer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>browser </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  25. 25. Office Suites <ul><li>Suite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: a group of basic SW application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>designed to work together </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrated application </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: combines basic word processing, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spreadsheet, and graphics capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in a single program. </li></ul></ul>MIU
  26. 26. Business Software Vertical Market SW SW for workgroups SW for a small business
  27. 27. Vertical Market SW <ul><li>SW that is written especially for a particular type of business such as a dentist ’ s office or a drugstore </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. The SW for an auto repair shop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare work orders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process sales transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce invoices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate sales and profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track parts inventories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Print reorder reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Update the customer mailing lists </li></ul></ul>MIU
  28. 28. Software for Workgroups <ul><li>Groupware (collaborative SW) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Collaborate : to work together with ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides a way for more than one person to collaborate on a project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any kind of SW that lets a group of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>share information or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>track information together </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintains a pool of data that can be shared by members of a workgroup </li></ul></ul>MIU
  29. 29. Getting SW Help at Work <ul><li>Information center (help desk) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The company devoted to giving users service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>help with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SW selection, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SW training and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>access to corporate computer systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May perform SW and HW installation and updating, troubleshooting service. </li></ul></ul>MIU
  30. 30. SW for a Small Business <ul><li>Small office/home office (SOHO) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: SW designed for small business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing a searchable library of resources, a legal guide and a tax guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including collection of business documents for every situation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All-in-one SW package </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed to help you get your home office organized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A variation on the suites </li></ul></ul>MIU
  31. 31. People
  32. 32. People <ul><li>The most important element in a computer system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>help to make the system work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for whom the work is done </li></ul></ul>MIU
  33. 33. Computer people <ul><li>The essential personnel required to run large computer systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data entry operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer operator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems analysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief information officer </li></ul></ul>MIU
  34. 34. Review <ul><li>( ) software is specifically tailored to their need </li></ul><ul><li>Computer ( ) are people who design, write, test, and implement SW. </li></ul><ul><li>( ) software is packaged in a container of some sort, usually a box or folder </li></ul><ul><li>( ) is a company that sets up and maintains applications SW on its own systems </li></ul><ul><li>( ) is any kind of SW that lets a group of people share information or track information together </li></ul>MIU
  35. 35. Review <ul><li>( ) is any kind of SW that lets a group of people share information or track information together </li></ul>MIU