Jacob Jiv Science Policy And R&D Infrastructures


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Annual Event 2009 - Success Factors in High Technology: Macro level, Micro level

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Jacob Jiv Science Policy And R&D Infrastructures

  1. 1. SCIENCE POLICY AND R&D INFRASTRUCTURES: THE ISRAELI PERSPECTIVE <ul><li>Jacob Ziv </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Electrical Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Technion, Haifa, Israel </li></ul><ul><li>CHAIR </li></ul><ul><li>TELEM FORUM FOR NATIONAL R&D INFRASTRUCTURS </li></ul>
  2. 2. Israel is known to be a Country of Science <ul><li>Israel produces a disproportionate 1% of the world ’ s scientific journal articles. </li></ul><ul><li>Its scientific and technological innovation was used to increase its high-tech competitiveness in the world market. </li></ul><ul><li>All this occurred despite of (or is it because of) the fact that Israel had little in the way of true national level science policy and planning. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What breeds this success? <ul><li>Despite what seems to be a random walk on the micro level, one can identify three major contributing factors which, together, form a coordinated national policy on the macro level, at least after the fact. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Higher education and basic research in Israel </li></ul><ul><li>A recognized national asset, protected by law that keeps it as an autonomous system that is heavily supported by the Government via the Council of Higher Education and its Planning and Grants Committee (UPGC). </li></ul><ul><li>IAS-initiated ISF plays a major role in supporting basic research in Israel (funded mainly by the UPGC). </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Higher education and basic research in Israel </li></ul>What breeds this success (cont.)? <ul><li>Past capital investments in defense and advanced agricultural R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Support for Industrial Research and Development (R&D) (MOITL/OCS, MOS, Industry) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>If Israel has done relatively well in the past, is national R&D evaluation and coordination suddenly necessary? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The ground rules and the nature of research are changing! </li></ul>National R&D Evaluation and Coordination? <ul><li>Massive investments in infrastructures are badly needed (e.g. CERN, ESRF , Nano-technology, Biotech, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>The price tag for NOT joining such efforts is: FALLING BEHIND in some of the most seminal frontiers of modern research and technologies. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Academic research and Industrial R&D: a critical issue <ul><li>We must establish more direct connections and communications between these two entities. </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of interdisciplinary character and wide application are obviously best for an ongoing dialogue. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Benefits versus potential dangers <ul><li>Potential dangers and stumbling blocks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IP issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-term horizons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University attempts to emulate or absorb industry-based research. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, the potential benefits outweigh the risks. </li></ul>
  10. 10. TRYING TO FIND SOLUTIONS <ul><li>ON THE OPERATIONAL LEVEL: R@D infra-structure projects </li></ul><ul><li>ON THE STRATEGIC LEVEL: national R&D policies </li></ul>
  11. 11. TELEM: Forum for R&D Infrastructures (established:1998) <ul><li>Informal high-level working group (UPGC, MOITL(OCS), MOS, Defense R&D, Treasury, IAS-chair). </li></ul><ul><li>Mode of operation: Sharing of financial resources for essential R&D infrastructures. </li></ul><ul><li>Total expenditure on TELEM-initiated projects: About 1.25 billion Shekel. </li></ul>
  12. 12. TELEM-supported Infra-structure projects: a few examples <ul><li>Israel participation in the ESRF (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility). The ESRF has been used extensively by Ada Yonat -Israel’s most recent Nobel laureate . </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNET 2. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of a linear accelerator research facility </li></ul>
  13. 13. Largest TELEM -initiated project so far ($232 millions, 5 year span): I srael N ational N anotechnology I nitiative ( INNI ) <ul><li>Strong representation from academia and industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing highly diversified funding sources. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The INNI Mission: make nanotechnology the next wave of successful industry in Israel <ul><li>Collaborative Government /University/ Industry initiative to allow Israel to reach a critical mass in Nanotechnology. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on research areas of national priority: Nanomaterials, Nano-bio, Nanoelectronics, Energy, Environment / water desalination. </li></ul><ul><li>Investment program of $232 M. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Six Research Institutions <ul><li>Bar Ilan University </li></ul><ul><li>Ben-Gurion University of the Negev </li></ul><ul><li>Hebrew University of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Technion Institute of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Tel Aviv University </li></ul><ul><li>Weizmann Institute of Science </li></ul>
  16. 16. Triangle Matchmaking Model Private Donation to the University Matching by the University Matching by the Israeli Government $232 Million 5 years program
  17. 17. 2007 INNI Survey Key Findings * Lux Research: &quot;Ranking the Nations: Nanotech's Shifting Global Leaders,” published October 2005. <ul><ul><li>About 325 research groups compared to 210 in 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 75 nano-based companies compare to 45 in 2005 </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE <ul><li>A successful triangle model of cooperation can not be applied in the future without an appropriate increase in the budget allocation for academic research. </li></ul><ul><li>Investment funds should, at least partly, play the role of private donations in any future triangle model. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Strategic Planning: National Research Council (NRC) (law passed in 2003) <ul><li>Should provide systematic, comprehensive evaluation of R&D in Israel and its health. </li></ul><ul><li>Should advise the Government on R&D policies. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Thank you!