WELCOME TO FALL 2010                                                                                     For those of you ...
        The AncienT ArAbic Order Of The nObles Of
                    The MysTic shrine
I   n 1870, there were sev...
Who       A
                                                    brotherhood of men...dedicated to fun and fellowship...but...
Shrine Temples and clubs often help arrange and pay for transportation for children and parents to the hospitals,
and thou...
First Hospital:
       efore the June 1922 Imperial Session, the cornerstone was in place for the first Shriners Hospita...
lexington, Kentucky - 1 November 1926
Greenville, South Carolina - 1 September 1927
México City. México - 10 March 1945
Entering the Burn Care Field

This expansion of orthopaedic work was not enough for Shriners. They had enough funds to fur...
Within each chapter there can be any number of “clubs” or “units” formed for a certain purpose. The best
known examples ar...
                                                                                                   Shrine Peace
“Live seeking God,
                 and then you will not
                 live without God.” And
                 more th...
Continued from page 11
and that the artist and poet teach unconsciously. For         I try to sympathize with my character...
Continued from page 12
over the world who starve to death. Who is responsible       satisfying. Perhaps, for a moment peop...
The Jebusite’s Jobsite
                                The Masonic Significance of Ornan the Jebusite  His
Continued from page 14

or Amorites. In the book of Numbers, and in Joshua,           of the country. By some accounts it ...
Continued from page 15
 Despite this linguistic confusion, it is likely that Ornan,   recites a sum of fifty shekels of si...
Continued from page 16
answered. In those rituals in which he does appear,              Peeters, 2004), 502.
                                      Artistic Visionary
Continued from page 18

                                                        as old-world—an unforgivable sin in the ar...
Karl W. Grube, Ph.D., 32º is a
                     Founder and President of the
                     Bonisteel Masonic Li...
Continued from page 20

                                          WISDOM ● UNDERSTANDING ● KNOWLEDGE!

8. The Secret Architecture of Our Nation’s Capital - David Ovason

     This book, the result of a decade of thought and r...
Continued from page 19

  At the age of 34, after designing posters for several plays starring the legendary Sarah Bernhar...
       o the delight, and sometimes chagrin, of                    forward for a closer inspection. “H...
Fall 2010 Rising Point
Fall 2010 Rising Point
Fall 2010 Rising Point
Fall 2010 Rising Point
Fall 2010 Rising Point
Fall 2010 Rising Point
Fall 2010 Rising Point
Fall 2010 Rising Point
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Fall 2010 Rising Point


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Fall 2010 issue of The Rising Point released!
I would like introduce to you Fall 2010 Special Issue of THE RISING POINT - Now you can find Online at:

S & F
Mitchell Ozog, Editor in Chief
The Rising Point

The purpose of this publication is to disseminate the writings of Freemasons and to provide contemporary information on Freemasonry.

THE RISING POINT is the official publication of Bonisteel Masonic Library and is published four times per year. The primary objective of Rising Point is to provide a wide access information of reviewed Masonic research publications. The publications of Rising Point are dedicated to Freemasonic information and education and is available in electronic vision as PDF file and you can download for free.

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Fall 2010 Rising Point

  1. 1. INTERNATIONAL MASONIC REVIEW PUBLISHED BY BONISTEEL MASONIC LIBRARY The BONISTEELML.ORG Rising Point Volume 21. Issue 2 • Special Issue! • FALL 2010 US $9.95 The Shriners 10 Fall 2010
  2. 2. WELCOME TO FALL 2010 For those of you who are new to this publication, we hope you enjoy what you see and come back. Suggestions and opinions are welcome. Contents Volume 21. Issue 2 - fall 2010 FEATURE ARTICLES MAILING ADDRESS THE RISING POINT Bonisteel Masonic Library 3 THE ANCIENT ARABIC ORDER OF THE NOBLES OF THE MYSTIC SHRINE 2520 Arrowwood Trl Ann Arbor, MI 48105 4 WHO ARE THE SHRINERS 11 Web site: I BELIEVE I CAN FLY Bro. Mitchell Ozog , 32º Editor in Chief. 14 THE JEBUSITE’S JOBSITE Bro. Karl Grube, Ph.D., 32º Managing Editor 18 BRO. ALPHONSE MUCHA 0 FROM DARKNESS TO LIGHT TO Bro. Robert Blackburn 32º Book Review Editor DARKNESS LAYOUT DESIGN Bro. Mitchell Ozog 4 CROWN OF SERPENTS THE BOOK REVIEW 5 COVER CREDITS THE INTELLECTUAL QUALIFICATIONS Photo, Bro. Mitchell Ozog OF CANDIDATES BONISTEEL MASONIC LIBRARY FUND RAISER 7 FREEMASONRY IN REICH PUTS BAN ON POLITICS The Bonisteel Masonic Library of Ann Arbor Detroit has established a goal of raising $5,000 for 2011 operations. Your contribution will assure 8 THE NEW MEMBER: WHAT HE MAY EXPECT the continuance of our award winning quarterly publication Rising Point and the yearly costs of online publication. Simple scroll down to Pay Pal on 30 FREEMASONRY AND RELIGION the Index page at Bonisteel Masonic Library website donate by using a credit card. And More!!! THE RISING POINT is the official publication of Bonisteel Masonic Library and is published four times per year. Masonic Bodies are welcome to reprint from this publication provided that the article is reprinted in full, the name of the author and the source of the article are indicated, and a copy of the publication containing the reprint is sent to the editor. Submissions to this publication and all Correspondence concerning this publication should come through the Editor Mitchell Ozog. The Editor reserves the right to edit all materials received. Fair Use Notice: The Bonisteel Masonic Library web site and publication THE RISING POINT may at times contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc.. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site or the publication Rising Point for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use’, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on The Bonisteel Masonic Library web site and publication Rising Point is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information go to: United States Code: Title 17, Section 107 Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include - (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; (2) the nature of the copyrighted work; (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors. Rising point fall 2010
  3. 3. HISTORY The AncienT ArAbic Order Of The nObles Of The MysTic shrine I n 1870, there were several thousand Masons in Manhattan, many of whom lunched at the Knickerbocker Cottage at a special table on the second floor. There, the idea of a new fraternity for Masons stressing Commonly known as fun and fellowship was discussed. Dr. Walter M. Shriners and abbreviated Fleming, M.D., and William J. Florence took the idea A.A.O.N.M.S., established in seriously enough to act upon it. Florence, a world- 1870 is an appendant body to renowned actor, while on tour in Marseilles, was Freemasonry, based in the United invited to a party given by an Arabian diplomat. The States. The organization is best- entertainment was something in the nature of an known for the Shriners Hospitals for elaborately staged musical comedy. At its conclusion, Children they administer and the the guests became members of a secret society. red fezzes that members wear. Florence took copious notes and drawings at his initial viewing and on two other occasions, once in Algiers and once in Cairo. When he returned to New York in 1870, he showed his material to Fleming. ♣ Fleming took the ideas supplied by Florence and converted them into what would become the “Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (A.A.O.N.M.S.)”. Fleming created the ritual, emblem and costumes. Florence and Fleming were initiated August 13, 1870, and initiated 11 other men on June 16, 1871. The group adopted a Middle Eastern theme and soon established Temples meeting in Mosques (though the term Temple has now generally been replaced by Shrine Auditorium or Shrine Center). The first Temple established was Mecca Temple (now known as Mecca Shriners), established at the New York City Masonic Hall on September 26, 1872. Fleming was the first Potentate. In 1875, there were only 43 Shriners in the organization. In an effort to spur membership, at the June 6, 1876 meeting of Mecca Temple, the Imperial Grand Council of the Ancient Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America was created. Fleming was elected the first Imperial Potentate. After some other reworking, by 1878 there were 425 members in 13 temples in eight states, and by 1888, there were 7,210 members in 48 temples in the United States and Canada. By the Imperial Session held in Washington, D.C. in 1900, there were 55,000 members and 82 Temples. Shriners often participate in local parades, sometimes as rather elaborate units: miniature vehicles in themes (all sports cars; all miniature 18-wheeler trucks; all fire engines, and so on), an “Oriental Band” dressed in cartoonish versions of Middle Eastern dress; pipe bands, drummers, motorcycle units, Drum and Bugle Corps, and even traditional brass bands. THE EMBlEM SHrINE Emblem The Crescent was adopted as the Jewel of the Order. Though any materials can be used in forming the Crescent, the most valuable are the claws of a royal Bengal Tiger, united at their base in a gold setting. In the center is the head of a sphinx, and on the back are a pyramid, an urn and a star. The Jewel bears the motto “robur et Furor,” which means “Strength and Fury.” Today, the Shrine emblem includes a scimitar from which the crescent hangs, and a five-pointed star beneath the head of the sphinx. Rising point fall 2010 3
  4. 4. Who A brotherhood of men...dedicated to fun and fellowship...but with a serious purpose. Shriners are distinguished by an enjoyment of life and a are the commitment to philanthropy. They enjoy parades, trips, dances, dinners, sporting events and other social occasions. They support what has been called the “World’s Greatest Philanthropy,” Shriners? Shriners Hospitals for Children, a network of 22 pediatric specialty hospitals, operated and maintained by the Shriners. All children, up to 18 years old, may be eligible for treatment at Shriners Hospitals if they, in the opinion of the hospital’s chief of staff, could benefit from the specialized care available at Shriners Hospitals. Eligibility is not based on financial need or relationship to a Shriner. What is Masonry and what is the connection to the Shrine? In order to become a Shriner, a man must first be a Mason. The fraternity of Freemasonry is the oldest, largest and most widely known fraternity in the world. It dates back hundreds of years to the time when stonemasons and other craftsmen gathered in shelter houses or lodges. Over the years, formal Masonic lodges emerged, with members bound together not by trade, but by their own desire to be fraternal brothers. The basic unit of Masonry is the Blue lodge, where members earn the first three Masonic Degrees known as the Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason. There is no higher degree than that of Master Mason (the Third Degree). Join After he becomes a Master Mason, he can belong to many other the Fraternity: organizations which have their roots in Masonry and which have Blue For information about joining lodge Masonry as a prerequisite. Only when a man has achieved the Shriners International, please status of Master Mason can he petition to become a Noble of Shriners visit International. From Detroit Area: Other affiliated Masonic organizations include the Ancient and 24350 Southfield Rd. Accepted rite of Freemasonry (Southern Jurisdiction, U.S.A., Northern Southfield MI 48075 Jurisdiction, U.S.A and Canada) and the York rite. 248.569.2900 What is the relationship between Shriners and Shriners Hospitals? Fax 248.557.4402 Moslem Shriners Business Office Hours: In a unique interdependent relationship, the Shriners and Shriners Monday through Friday - 9am to 4pm Hospitals are separate but inseparable. Weekends - Closed Shriners International supports Shriners Hospitals in many ways: 4 Rising point fall 2010
  5. 5. Shrine Temples and clubs often help arrange and pay for transportation for children and parents to the hospitals, and thousands of Shriners spend many hours of their own time driving families to the hospitals and entertaining the patients. In addition, Shriners helps support the hospitals financially, with each Shriner paying an annual $5 hospital assessment. Temples and clubs also hold many fundraisers, some of which benefit Shriners Hospitals for Children. What are the benefits of becoming a Shriner? ► Membership in a well-known fraternal organization recognized for its social and philanthropic activities. ► Opportunity to develop lasting friendships with others from all walks of life ► A variety of social activities available for the entire family and many special-interest groups to meet individual interests ► The privilege of being part of the “Worlds Greatest Philanthropy,” offering Shriners many opportunities to find personal fulfillment and satisfaction through supporting Shriners Hospitals for Children. Photos By Mitchell Ozog 2010 robert Pate - Oriental Guide Southfield Illustrious Sir Michael J. Dib - Potentate Rising point fall 2010 5
  6. 6. First Hospital: B efore the June 1922 Imperial Session, the cornerstone was in place for the first Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children in Shreveport, louisiana. The rules were simple: To be admitted, a child must be from a family unable to pay for the orthopaedic treatment he or she would receive [this is no longer a requirement], be under 14 years of age [later increased to 18], and be, in the opinion of the chief of staff, someone whose condition could be helped. The Shriners Hospitals network is supervised by the members of the Board of Trustees, who are elected at the annual meeting of the hospital corporation. Each hospital operates under the supervision of a local Board of Governors, a chief of staff and an administrator. Members of the boards are Shriners, who serve without pay. The network of orthopaedic hospitals grew as follows: Shreveport, louisiana - 16 September 1922 Honolulu, Hawai‘i - 2 January 1923 Twin Cities (Minneapolis), Minnesota - 12 March 1923 San Francisco, California - 16 June 1923 [relocated to Sacramento in 1997; the old building is now a pensioners’ assisted living facility] Portland, Oregon - 15 January 1924 Saint louis, Missouri - 8 April 1924 Spokane, Washington - 15 November 1924 Salt lake City, Utah - 22 January 1925 Montréal, Québec - 18 February 1925 Springfield, Massachusetts - 21 February 1925 Chicago, Illinois - 20 March 1926 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - 24 June 1926 Rising point fall 2010
  7. 7. lexington, Kentucky - 1 November 1926 Greenville, South Carolina - 1 September 1927 México City. México - 10 March 1945 Houston, Texas - 1 February 1952 los Angeles, California - 25 February 1952 Winnipeg, Manitoba - 16 March 1952 [turned over to Canadian Ministry of Health on 12 August 1977; now the rehabilitation Centre For Children] Erie, Pennsylvania - 1 April 1967 Tampa, Florida - 16 October 1985 Northern California (Sacramento), California - 14 April 1997 The first patient to be admitted in 1922 was a little girl with a clubfoot, who had learned to walk on the top of her foot rather than the sole. The first child to be admitted in Minneapolis was a boy with polio. Since that time, more than 835,000 children have been treated at the twenty-two Shriners Hospitals for Children. Surgical techniques developed in Shriners Hospitals have become standard in the orthopaedic world. Thousands of children have been fitted with arm and leg braces and artificial limbs, most of them made at the hospitals by our in-house expert technicians. Orthopaedic and Burn hospitals Canada Chicago Erie Honolulu Houston Lexington Los Angeles Mexico Northern California Philadelphia rEFErENCES: Courtesy: George Washington Masonic Memorial Rising point fall 2010 7
  8. 8. Entering the Burn Care Field This expansion of orthopaedic work was not enough for Shriners. They had enough funds to further expand their philanthropy. The only question was: What unmet need could they fill? A special committee was established to explore areas of need and found that burn treatment was a field of service that was being bypassed. In the early ’60s, the only burn treatment centre in the United States was part of a military complex. The committee was ready with a resolution for the 1962 Imperial Session in Toronto. The resolution, dated July 4, 1962, was adopted by unanimous vote. On 1 November 1963, Shriners opened a seven-bed wing in the John Sealy Hospital at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston as an interim centre for the care of severely burned children. On 1 February 1964, Shriners opened a seven-bed unit in the Cincinnati General Hospital on the campus of the University of Cincinnati. A third interim operation, a five-bed unit, was opened 13 March 1964, in the Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston) under the direction of Harvard Medical School. While children were being treated in these units, separate buildings were constructed near each interim location. These buildings, three 30-bed pediatric burn hospitals, were designed to meet the special needs of burned children. At each, the staffs remain affiliated with their neighbouring universities so they may better carry out their three-fold programme of treatment, research and teaching. GREETINGS AND SALUTATIONS OF THE SHRINERS: Since 1872, Shriners have used the salutation “Es Selamu Aleikum,” Arabic for “Peace be with you!” The response: “Aleikium Es Selamu,” or “With you be peace.” THE CHAIN OF COMMAND: To better understand it all, it helps to begin at the local chapter level. The group of elected officers who run the temples is called the Divan. Granted, the number one definition of divan is a long, backless sofa, but a Divan also refers to a government bureau. If you go to Detroit Area Shriners you can find the Divan: Sources: Web site of Detroit Area Shriners - http://www. Illustrious Sir Michael J. Dib Michael Spensley robert Pate Potentate Asst. rabban Oriental Guide (President - CEO) (2nd VP) (4th VP) The top dog in the Divan is known as the Potentate, defined as “one who has the power and position to robert lee Chief rabban Charles Baer High Priest rule over others.” (1st VP) Prophet (3rd VP) The second in command is called the Chief rabban. Sources: Web site of Shriners International - http// Rising point fall 2010
  9. 9. Within each chapter there can be any number of “clubs” or “units” formed for a certain purpose. The best known examples are the units of clowns and motor patrols (the “little-car” guys), often the most visible in the community. There are also clubs and units for people with various other interests as well. From golfing and boating, to classic cars and motorcycles—there truly is something for everyone! Just like the countries of North America are governed by representative bodies, so are the 191 chapters. The group of representatives, called the Imperial Council, convenes once a year to make policy decisions and legislation regarding the fraternity and philanthropy. representatives strive to become one of the 13 members of the Imperial Divan, Shriners’ international governing body. The chief executive officer of Shriners of North America is the Imperial Potentate, who serves a one-year term. FEz The fez - the rhombusshaped, tasseled, red hat most commonly associated with Shriners. The fez was adopted as the official headgear of Shriners in 1872. Named after the town of Fez, Morocco, where it originated, the hat seemed to portray the Near East theme the original founders of the fraternity were looking for. Today, the fez is worn at Shriners functions and in parades and outings as an effective way of gaining exposure for the fraternity. It’s not unlike wearing a baseball cap to support your favorite team. Only, in this case, the fez draws attention to the fraternity, helps recruit new members and spreads the word about the Shriners’ philanthropy, Shriners Hospitals or Children (more on page 14). There are strict rules when it comes to the fez, though. Only certain ranking Shriners Terms and Titles Shriners may have their titles on their fez, and the tassel can only be secured with two pins or clasps on the left side of the fez. Additional pins or adornments are off-limits! The Shrine CirCuS T he Shrine Circus is a circus founded in the United States in 1906. It travels to roughly 120 cities per year in the United States and a separate unit travels to about 40 in Canada. It is affiliated with the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, a.k.a. Shriners. HISTORY The first Shrine Circus was held in Detroit, Michigan, for the Moslem Shrine Center. There is a State historical marker at the former site which proclaims its contribution to circus history. The circus was originally a one-ring affair, but by 1925 it had grown to three rings. Despite now traveling to many cities, the Detroit affair is still the largest. In 1996, it ran for 17 days with 40 performances making it not only the oldest Shrine Circus, but also the most attended. By the 1920s Shrine Circuses were being conducted throughout the country, and each year additional Shrine Centers introduced circuses to their communities. The first Shrine Circus each year is usually in Flint, Michigan, each January. The circus then travels to at least one city per week through November. The last performances are usually being held Thanksgiving week in Evansville, Indiana, and New Orleans, louisiana. The 2005 season ended in Baton rouge, louisiana, rather than New Orleans, due to Hurricane Katrina. The term “Shrine Circus” is usually prefaced by the name of the host Shrine in each geographic area. Over the years many circus stars have appeared in Shrine Circuses, including: Clyde Beatty, the Wallendas, Emmett Kelly, the Flying Concellos, the Hannefords and the Zacchinis. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Rising point fall 2010
  10. 10. The Shrine Peace Memorial, erected in Toronto in 1930, serves as an ongoing reminder that Freemasonry actively promotes the ideals of peace, harmony, and prosperity for all humankind. Shrine Peace MeMorial O n 12 June 1930, this Peace Memorial was upon a globe held aloft by female sphinxes. The presented to the people of Canada by Imperial inscription around the base reads “Peace be on you,” Potentate Noble leo V. Youngworth, on behalf and its response, “On you be the peace,” the English of the 600,000 members of the Ancient Arabic translation of the Islamic greeting used by Shriners. Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine to commemorate the peaceful relationships existing for over a century The right Honourable Mackenzie King, Prime Minister between Canada and the United States. This gift was of Canada, was not present at the 1930 dedication, received by Illustrious Noble the Honourable George but stated via radio: “I should like to add the thanks S. Henry; then both the Premier of Ontario and the of the Canadian people as a whole for the inspiring Potentate of rameses Shriners in Toronto; representing monument which your Order has erected on the shores Her Majesty’s subjects in Canada. On 20 August 1958, of lake Erie and which you are now about to dedicate the surrounding garden and fountain, created by the in the cause of peace. It is indeed a worthy addition Toronto Parks Department, were official opened and to the art treasures of the province of which Toronto the Memorial was re-dedicated to the cause of peace is the capital city. It will be cherished by Canada as a by Noble the right Honourable John G. Diefenbaker, national possession and by our continent as an abiding Prime Minister of Canada, and future Potentate of symbol of international good will.” Tunis Shriners in Ottawa. Photo: Courtesy of rameses Temple, Toronto, Ontario, Press Corps located in Exhibition Place, on Toronto’s lakeshore just west of downtown, the Shrine Peace Memorial faces southerly, toward the Niagara river and the United States. The statue was designed by noted sculptor, Noble Charles Keck of Kismet Shriners in Brooklyn (now New Hyde Park), New York; and depicts a winged angel holding aloft a laurel crown and standing 10 Rising point fall 2010
  11. 11. “Live seeking God, and then you will not live without God.” And more than ever before, I BELIEVE I CAN FLY all within me and around me lit up, and the light did not again aban- don me. - A Confession By Mitchell Ozog Leo Tolstoy M any times people and reflections on his own life and people who he wonder what is life all knows and socializes with. Although, he is a man with about. Most of them a good position and a great reputation he is not able to see it as mystery. acknowledge that he deserves a special treatment. He On many occasions they ask is in tremendous emotional pain and his sorrow reflects themselves a question “ How has his inability to find a balance between himself and his the life begun and what had been consciousness. He feels guilty of possessing of those a purpose of it? As one analyzes qualities, which he does not consider to be valuable. the whole existence he/she puzzles He realizes that a person should be judged according over some concepts that are hard to who he/she and not just because of what he does to understand. Although, each or possesses. Yet, he is confident that people with a individual has his/her own theory great position brainwashed other people to get what on how the life has initiated, he/she they want. Often they educate them although they are could not understand why the world not oriented in a specific field. He notices that there is had been created in its specific way; no order and agreement between thoughts and ideas there is a universe where everything seems to have presented by some religious leaders and teachers, perfect order and fulfills particular function. The sky, which proves that these people are not knowledgeable the earth, the ocean, mountains are there for human as much as they should. Which also means that they beings, animals and other creatures to suit their confuse people by their false theories. . Therefore, he convenience. How clever! Despite the big unknown finds it very ironic. one try to enjoy his life as much as possible trying to find his own purpose to continue this existence. Although, I agree with Tolstoy’s opinion that individuals should not be judged according to their welfare. , Everybody can find their own path to complete their Position or education I admit that there are people lives, which depends on what they value the most among us who are decent and moral. It is not fair to say in their lives. Some people enjoy having them as that everybody is an evil and that life is meaningless. enjoyable as possible and some have an urge to If one wants to experience true meaning in his life he constantly advance their lives through searching for will accomplish it through his right actions and good more opportunities. There are also these individuals deeds. It is not enough to talk about it. One has to be in the world who carefully evaluate their lives and proactive. He/she needs to change his attitude in order concentrate on nurturing of their inside. . These people to fix the world. However, Tolstoy who was a valuable become strict to themselves through learning to be individual was not able to do it because he did not have self-disciplined. Many of them are political leaders and faith in himself. He also did not believe in people. He religious fanatics. rest of people is ones who struggle saw many of them as incompetent in promoting the to find meaning in their lives, as they believe that world. Perhaps, he was depressed and therefore he human’s life is senseless. could not find any sense in his life.” The view of life of these people, my comrades in authorship, consisted One of those individuals who are not satisfied of their in this: that life in general goes on developing, and in existence and who always seek for meaning of their this development we-men of thought it is we-artists and lives is Tolstoy. In “Confession” Tolstoy introduces poets-who have the greatest influence. Our vocation is some thoughts on the meaning of the life and deeply to teach mankind. And lest the simple question should analyzes this matter by trying to find answers to some suggest itself: What do I know, and what can I teach? It difficult questions. The writer presents his true thoughts was explained in this theory that this need not be known, Rising point fall 2010 11
  12. 12. Continued from page 11 and that the artist and poet teach unconsciously. For I try to sympathize with my characters and put myself this I was paid money; I had excellent food, lodging, in their shoes. women and society; and I had fame, which showed . My stories help me to be a deeper thinker and that what I taught was very good”. (Tolstoy, p. 12-13). analyzer of my own actions. I admit that I have a lot When analyzing Tolstoy’s personal reflections on of in common with my characters: I am complex. I am life and its meaning I wondered about my own life. strong and weak I am happy and sad, I am eager and Although, am not reach and famous I think that my life without motivation, I am attractive and ugly. I am wise is meaningful. I have a purpose to live: I was created and with no commons sense. It all depends what I by God to fulfill my mission including raising my wear, what month of year it is, what I do and with whom children and learn new things. My task is to pass on I socialize. I play many roles in my life. Often I act to my knowledge to my children so they learn too. I am get attention and sometimes I want to be invisible. honest when preaching. I always reveal true about our That happens because I feel small or great. I treat it as world. This is what Tolstoy has missed in his life: he normal behavior because I am human being. refused to be truthful to himself and the world that he lived in. Therefore, he felt like an empty educator and Most of the time I am fascinated by some stories. In shallow poet. fact, reading for me is a certain escape from reality to world where I can experience something new. I select There are many ways people complete their lives stories that inspire me to be proactive. I read them and and it depends on what they value the most in their then deeply analyze events and characters. I compare lives. Some of them have selected simple ways of characters to each other and try to find qualities in living concentrating on fulfilling their basic needs, them. I wonder why they act in their particular way which satisfy them completely. However, for others like and how they would react when experiencing different myself it is not enough. I seek for more of excitement circumstances. I wonder what influences their behavior in my life including exploration each aspect s of it. I am and attitudes when in a particular situation or life adventurous and a risk taker. I am proactive individual setting. Would they act different if the circumstances who expect to promote life in order to gain knowledge were different, or would their attitude change if they on certain phenomena and matters. I am desperate lived in different times? to learn more each day of my life. This is my purpose. let’ s say that we live during War World II. This is my goal. Bombs destroyed our house and we do not have accommodations and food. We are very desperate. It seems that my interests influence the way I live. I love We are parents and have tired and hungry children. reading. And I spend hours performing this fascinating We got to do something about this. We cannot let hem activity. This is how I feed my sole. Unfortunately I die from starvation. We have to put them to sleep. let’s am never satisfied. I feel like my passion is a great say that we were lucky to find an empty apartment addiction. However, I cannot help it. When I read I am in an abundant building. We realize that belongs to above myself. I am pulled inside of my story. . I become somebody else, but we have no other choice. We have a character of it. I am completely disconnected from to put our pride and beliefs aside in order to rescue our the world and reality. So I am there and experience own family. We would not do it when circumstances moments of excitement with my characters, which were different. It would be against ethics and morality. come in various colors. I can experience different Although, the above behavior is undesirable, it is emotions when in my own world. I can be nervous acceptable by majority of society. It is not right to excited or happy excited. On other occasions, I am steal, but sometimes it is necessary evil. We know that puzzled by my character/s behavior and attitude. And hungry man do not steal for profits but to satisfy his sometimes it seems like I going through four stages physical needs. Hungry people deserve compassion of emotions including denial, anger, acceptance and but not punishment. Aren’t they already punished by grieving. When reading. However, The worst thing in dramatic experiences in their lives? this moment is that am not able to do anything about this. I cannot connect physically with my characters, Our behavior and attitudes have changed greatly. We although I sense and share their emotions. But those have become materialistic and careless society. We stories provoke my cognitive skills: logical thinking and spend money to satisfy our desires. We buy more than problem solve. Through them I connect to the world as we should and spend more money than we own. We slowly begin to understand meaning of life, especially waste food not realizing that there are some people all 1 Rising point fall 2010
  13. 13. Continued from page 12 over the world who starve to death. Who is responsible satisfying. Perhaps, for a moment people feel good for this? Should we be more considered about others? about themselves. In fact they waste their money, time And maybe we do not have enough of information on and other opportunities like talking about good story for the above? It seems that nobody cares. Everybody is instance. Theme about shopping is boring. Who would involved in his or her own business. There is a gap like to discuss it non-stop? However, when we talk a big between rich and poor. rich lives in luxury and about books we build good relationships, exchange poor lives from check to check.” In spite of American ideas and get oriented on specific matters or issues. image as a cornucopia of plenty, where the shelves reading books is some kind of addiction but this habit of supermarket are always fully stocked, 10 millions brings valuable benefits. Thanks to books we become of Americans go hungry each day, 40% of them are more knowledgeable each day of our lives.” But unlike children and majority members of working families.” racism, the addiction to stuff isn’t challenged in our (DeGraaf.p.83). I am very pleased that John DeGraaf society. In fact, says Terry Pauly” It is a very socially has had a brilliant idea to create book, which he called acceptable way to be addictive to get a temporary “Influenza”. This is very informative book. I believe that high, to feel good. I am feeling depressed today-let’s this book has helped some Americans to understand go shopping. As far as society goes, it’s sanctioned. more what is going on around them. Perhaps, they will be now more analyze each step in their lives before They get a lot of social reinforcement for it. And yet, taking decisions. reading evokes a special feeling adds Mike, just like with a drug or alcohol, when its in me: I feel powerful. I feel enriched and satisfied. wears off its still the same world and people have to Through reading I develop my necessary skills in order deal with that emptiness inside, which is really what to be a good reader. The good reader for me means causes people to go out and spend”. (DeGraaf, p.49). to be able to understand a message that a writer One of my College professors once said” Books are introduced in his/her story. It also means to go deeper a wisdom of each nation”. I totally agree with this into a text by undressing each expression in order to statement. Our lives without books would be empty find a true meaning. I study each word carefully and and shallow. Books guide and motivate us to promote try to find interesting quotes to highlight essential our lives. They give us some advice on how to live ideas/thoughts. I enjoy talking about my books with our lives they entertain us and connect us emotionally people over coffee. I love sharing my experiences and cognitively. Books are Thing that I value in my life with other individuals. Through our mutual discussion unique. I am fascinated with books and find pleasure in we exchange our opinions and learn new things. We reading books from various fields, especially interested expand our knowledge by completing each other. ”It in politics, history, science and religion. I read them is tempting to quote authors when they express our everywhere and anywhere. I am unsatisfied a book own thoughts but with clarity a psychological accuracy collector who constantly looks for an adventure, new we cannot match. They know us better than we exploration, discovery and excitement. I have a dream know ourselves. What is shy and confused in us is to come true. I would like to establish my own library, succinctly and elegantly phrased in them, our pencil which could provide books in many languages and a lines and annotations in the margins of their books and variety of topics. I also would like to work on my own our borrowings from them indicating where we find book that could be about my life. These are my goals a piece of ourselves, a sentence or two built of the for future. And my future depends on what our economy very substance of which our own minds are made-a and how much money I will have in my pocket. Yet, I congruence all the more striking if the work was written neither do nor lose my hope. Everything is possible to in a age of togas or animals sacrifices. We invite these achieve. I believe I can fly. words into our books as a homage for reminding us of By Mitchell Ozog who we are” (Botton, p.161). References: De Botton, Alain. (2001). The Consolations of My books provide me some kind of asylum when having Philosophy, Publisher, Vintage; First American a bad day. I hide myself from the rest of the world to Edition forget about my dilemmas. I escape from reality to be Degraaf, John., Wann David., Naylor, Thomas H. in the world of fiction. With this kind of book am able (2005) Affluenza: The All-Consuming, Berrett- to relax. There I find happiness. However, people not Koehler Publishers; 2nd edition. always find rescue in books when depressed or sad. Tolstoy. leo (2006) A Confession, Publisher, Aegypan Many of them go shopping which I do not find this activity Rising point fall 2010 13
  14. 14. The Jebusite’s Jobsite The Masonic Significance of Ornan the Jebusite His Threshing Floor By Michael A. Halleran T he column of dust would have been visible for THE CITY OF JEBUS miles. So too, the tramp of hundreds of stoutly shod feet would have echoed through the valley, Jebus, the home of the Jebusites, is none other the accompanied by the rustling, jangling din of the army precursor to Jerusalem, a fact which is well known to as it slowly approached the citadel. But this is merely Bible scholars, but which may not be evident to the supposition; we don’t know the conditions that David’s Craft as a whole. Clearly an ancient city, the name army faced as it marched toward the fortress city of Jerusalem appears in nearly forty of the sixty-six books Jebus—it could, after all, have been raining. What we of the Bible under one name or another. The original do know, however, is that David had set his army in name of the settlement was Uru-Salim, a Babylonian motion and when at last they reached the gates of the name meaning “the city of Salim,” and this name was city, they came for a reckoning. later shortened to “Salem” as reported in the book of At his ascension as King of Israel, representatives of Genesis. The town was, and remains, situated on the the various tribes came to David at Hebron and offered southern slope of two ridges of land which terminated him fealty and tribute.1 He was thirty years old, and to the south by the intersection of two valleys, Hinnom his road to the throne had been circuitous and by no and Jehoshaphat. The western ridge is Zion and the means certain. Saul, Israel’s first king, had been killed highest section of the eastern ridge is Moriah, and the in battle at Mount Gilboa.2 Saul’s fourth son, Ishbaal southern part of Moriah is the Ophel spoken of in the had survived and inherited Saul’s kingdom only to have Bible.5 been murdered thereafter. Following the subsequent assassination of Abner, David found the way to power The earliest historical mention of Jerusalem is found spread before him. He ascended the throne sometime in the letter which its king, Abd-Khiba, wrote to around 1000 B.C. and began consolidation of his Amenophis IV 6, king of Egypt about 1400 B.C. It is kingdom. Yet there remained, despite popular acclaim, clear from these letters that Jerusalem was at that time one people who refused him homage: the Jebusites.3 an important city, the head of a considerable territory, In some jurisdictions, Masonic ritual expressly mentions although its ruler was a vassal of the Egyptian king. The the Jebusites. In some explanatory lectures new territory of Jerusalem at that period was approximately Master Masons are introduced to these people in the the territory which afterward comprised the kingdom person of one Ornan, who owned a threshing floor that of Judah. A passage in one of Abd-Khiba’s letters… was later purchased by the victorious David. But even shows that the Jerusalem of that day had a wall… “We in those lectures that include mention of Ornan, the will open Jerusalem to the guards whom thou shalt acquaintance is brief, and he appears nowhere else in send us by the hand of Khaja.” If Jerusalem could be the Masonic catechism. However, his inclusion in the “opened,” it was a walled city.7 ritual begs the question, who was Ornan? And for that matter, who were the Jebusites and why are they part This correspondence, known to historians as the of Masonic instruction? The key to understanding who Amarna tablets 8, and the use of the name Uru- Ornan was, and why he remains important to the Craft Salim has led to speculation about the origin of the lies with an understanding of the city of Jebus. Jebusites who are variously described in the Bible and in subsequent scholarship as Canaanites, Hittites 14 Rising point fall 2010
  15. 15. Continued from page 14 or Amorites. In the book of Numbers, and in Joshua, of the country. By some accounts it was the strongest we are told that the Jebusites dwell in the mountains citadel in the kingdom of Judah at that time, analogous with, or as, the Hittites.9 In support of this theory, some to a medieval European stone-keep or castle. Before scholars assert that Abd-Khiba is a Hittite name, which the arrival of David it is thought that Jebus functioned is suggestive of the fact that the Jebusites are of Hittite only as a military stronghold and administrative center, origin. Biblical references to a later king of Jerusalem, without any market or commercial activities.16 Adoni-zedek, are also used to reinforce the theory of Not much is known about David’s assault on Jebus, but the Jebusite’s Hittite origin. the Bible relates that the people of the town apparently After Joshua‘s initial victories it was Adoni-Zedek, king rebuked David’s demand for its surrender with haughty of Jerusalem, who united the kings of the south against defiance. “You shall not come in here; but the blind and Joshua. He and the others were killed after a battle the lame will repel you, thinking, David will not come that took place west of Jerusalem. However, the book in here.”17 of Joshua does not tell us what happened to his city Never one to refuse a challenge, David took the city, after the battle. The city was apparently occupied by but he spared the lives and property of the inhabitants, another people, the Jebusites, who spoke a language and they continued to live there on the Ophel while related to Hittite. The Hittites were a people that lived David and his followers settled on Mt. Zion and began in Asia Minor and parts of Canaan and spoke an Indo- building Jerusalem.18 This event marks the beginning European language. The book of Joshua tells that of Israelite Jerusalem. Jerusalem was inhabited by the Jebusites: “As for the Jebusites settled in Jerusalem, the tribe of Judah THE LAST KING OF THE JEBUSITES could not drive them out; the Jebusites lived beside the tribe of Judah in Jerusalem to this day.” Who were the Of Ornan himself, there exists only the biblical accounts Jebusites? The prophet Ezekiel described the origin of he had no biographer but he was almost certainly the Jerusalem in the following way: “Thus says the lord last king of the Jebusites. We can make this assumption God to Jerusalem: your origin and your nativity is of based on the Hebrew texts that concern him. There are the land of Canaan; your father was an Amorite and four different versions of his name in the Hebrew bible. your mother was a Hittite.” The Amorites were western The chronicler refers to him as Ornan in chapter 21 Semites. In the Bible the word Amorite is often used as of Chronicles, but three different versions of his name a general term for the people in Canaan or those that occur in Chapter 24 of the second book of Samuel lived in the Judean Hills. The origin of the Jebusites is where the Hebrew text names him Ha’awarna, then not clear, but they lived among the Hittites and Amorites Arania and finally Arwana. These appellations are in the Judean Hills.10 claimed by some scholars to be not a name, but a This supposition is disputed by some scholars, however. rank. recent scholarship suggests that the Jebusites were an Amorite tribe, and evidence collected in Syria [T]he proper version is probably “Arwana,” and should appears to bear this theory out.11 The truth concerning be connected [linguistically] with the Khurrite “Ewerina,” the Jebusites, however, is still far from certain, but it which means “the King,” “the Ruler,” “the Head Man.” is likely that the Jebusites were the occupants of the This is not a proper name, but probably a title. We have town site of what is now Jerusalem from the first half of two hints that help this suggestion.… The first time the the third millennium B.C.12, and that it was continuously man is called ha’awarna hayyebhusi, “The Jebusite occupied since that time, or nearly so, until David beset Arwana.” the city sometime around 1005 B.C. 13 It is a bit strange, if we consider “Arwana” as a proper There is no dispute, however, that during the period name to have the definite article [ha’] before it. A later of Judges, Jerusalem was certainly a Jebusite city.14 reference says: “Everything was given by Arwana This fortress, and that Hebrew stronghold which was (Arawna), the King, to the King”; “the King” means to afterward called the “city of David,” were situated on the David. It is reasonable to suggest that ha’awarna, the southern end of the eastern hill of Moriah in the place King, was the last Jebusite king of Jerusalem, and it referred to as Ophel.15 It is equally clear that the town was not his proper name, but his title, the King. It is in was a fortress, strongly constructed, sitting astride the Khurrite. The Jebusites were not Israelites and did not plateau of Ophel in command of thenorth-south artery speak Canaanite or Hebrew. Rising point fall 2010 15
  16. 16. Continued from page 15 Despite this linguistic confusion, it is likely that Ornan, recites a sum of fifty shekels of silver for the threshing as we have come to know him, was a person of some floor and some oxen, while the passage in Chronicles consequence because of his ownership of a threshing states that six hundred shekels of gold were paid.22 floor—a facility which may have been used by other members of the town similar to that of a mill or to the According to the second book of Chronicles, the grain elevators of the present day. We know he had at threshing floor was on Mt. Moriah.23 Contemporary least four sons, but beyond this, he remains an elusive scholarship bears this out. Where was this threshing figure. But as the authors of the Masonic lectures in floor of Arwana? Certainly the threshing-floor must which he figures, his is importance to the Craft, comes have been outside the limits of the city at the time. from his link to that great monument of antiquity, the There is only one place where the topography allows Temple of Solomon. for such a floor, where people can gather in masses, to the north of the south-eastern hill, which represents THE THRESHING FLOOR the remains of the Canaanite, Jebusite, and later David’s city. And this is exactly the place known as har In the Bible, we are told that David sees the destroying habbayit, “The Mount of the Temple.” 24 angel over the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. A threshing floor is a level piece of ground, probably Har habbayit, then, is without question the future site without a roof, in which chaff is separated from grain of the Temple of Solomon, and Ornan is the conveyor by means of winnowing or flailing. The chronicler of that property to David. Since David’s day, the relates; threshing floor has assumed even larger importance. And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: A 19th century American traveler, John Franklin Swift, and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he described his visit to the sacred site in 1860s which by repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that that time was surmounted by the Mosque of Omar.25 destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshing floor The [mosque] in the eyes of pious Moslems ranks in of Ornan the Jebusite. And David lifted up his eyes, sanctity second only to that of the Caaba at Mecca. and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the It occupies, in their opinion, and probably in fact, earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his the precise spot upon which was the thrashing-floor hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and of Ornan, or Araunah, the Jebusite, where David the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell sacrificed, and which afterward became the site of upon their faces. And David said unto God, Is it not I the great altar of burnt-offering. Long before this, that commanded the people to be numbered? Even I Abraham had offered up his only son Isaac upon it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but as for the same spot, and here upon the top of Moriah was these sheep, what have they done? Let thine hand, afterward built the Temple of Solomon. To these I pray thee, O LORD my God, be on me, and on my events, equally sacred in the eyes of the Moslem, the father’s house; but not on thy people, that they should Jew and the Christian, was added the fact that from be plagued. Then the angel of the LORD commanded here the Prophet [Mohammad], mounted upon his Gad to say to David, that David should go up, and set steed Borak, set out upon that marvelous voyage of up an altar unto the LORD in the threshing floor of a night, destined to reveal to the eyes of Mohammed Ornan the Jebusite. And David went up at the saying the wonders… and the ecstatic delights of that heaven of Gad, which he spake in the name of the LORD. which he had promised and which he was to describe And Ornan turned back, and saw the angel; and his to the faithful.26 four sons with him hid themselves. Now Ornan was threshing wheat.20 The site remains a focal point for the three Abrahamic Following the instructions from on high, David faiths to this day. negotiated the purchase of the threshing floor with Ornan who initially offered David the property at no FULL CIRCLE cost. David refused, not wishing to sacrifice to God something given as a gift, and finally bartered with Why Ornan the Jebusite is mentioned in some Masonic Ornan for a suitable price. The account in Samuel rituals and omitted from others cannot be satisfactorily 1 Rising point fall 2010
  17. 17. Continued from page 16 answered. In those rituals in which he does appear, Peeters, 2004), 502. 12. W.F. Albright. “The Jordan Valley in however, his importance may only be guessed at by the Bronze Age,” The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental research, Vol. 6 (1924- the newly-raised. But, his distinction to the Craft is 1925), 63, n. 170. 13. Wilfred G. E. Watson. “David Ousts the two-fold. In his capacity as the King of the Jebusites, City ruler of Jebus.” Vetus Testamentum, Vol. 20. Fasc. 4 (October 1970), 501, n.1. he represents the last obstacle overcome by David. 14. Barton, op. cit., 12. The taking of Jebus and the creation of Jerusalem 15. Ibid., 13-4. 16. Ibid., 17. is central to the story of David and additionally, a 17. 2 Samuel 5; 6. 18. Orr, James, Ibid. significant event for Freemasons—without David, 19. S. Yeivin. “The Threshing Floor of Araunah,” Journal of Educational Sociology, Vol 36, and without Jerusalem, there can be no Temple of No. 8 (April 1963), p. 398. See also 2 Samuel 24:23; Gary A. rendsburg, “reading David in Solomon. But Ornan is critical for another reason, as Genesis,” Biblical Archaeology review, (Winter well—his threshing floor constitutes the very bedrock 2005) brf01reading_david.html, (Accessed April 5, the Temple itself, situated on Mt. Moriah which in ages 2007), Nicolas Wyatt. “David’s Census and the Tripartite Theory,” Vetus Testamentum, past was the landmark associated with the story of Vol. 40, Fasc. 3, (July 1990). 20. 1 Chronicles 21: 15-20. Abraham and Isaac in Genesis 22. So it is that through 21. Although not apropos in this research, it is nonetheless interesting to note the parallels Ornan, David comes full circle, and Ornan the Jebusite between David’s negotiation for the is remembered because of his role as an instrument threshing floor with Abraham’s bartering for the purchase of Sarah’s grave. See Sean in the creation of that edifice, a bit part to be sure, but M. McDonough. “And David Was Old, Advanced in Years: 2 Samuel XXIV 18-25, 1 nonetheless a crucial one. Kings I 1, and Genesis XXIII-XXIV,” Vetus Testamentum, Vol. 49, Fasc. 1 (Jan., 1999), 128-131. ENDNOTES: 22. See 1 Samuel 24:24; 1 Chronicles 21:25. 23. 2 Chronicles 3: 1. See also, Moses Wolcott 1. “Then came all the tribes of Israel to David redding. Masonic Antiquities of the Orient unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, Unveiled (1894); Kessinger Publishing we are thy bone and thy flesh.” 2 Samuel, 5: 1. Company, 1997, 399. 2. As told in 1 Samuel, Saul, whose fate was 24. S. Yeivin. “The Threshing Floor of foretold by the Witch of Endor, fell on his Araunah,” Journal of Educational Sociology, own sword following his defeat at the Battle of Vol 36, No. 8 (April 1963), 400. Mount Gilboa by the Philistines in 1013 BC. 25. The Mosque of Omar was built in its current During the battle Saul’s heir, Jonathon, was shape by the Ayyubid Sultan al-Afdal bin killed outright. r. Earnest Dupuy et al., The Saladin in 1193 A.D. Encyclopedia Of Military History From 3500 26. John Franklin Swift. Going to Jericho: or B.C. To The Present, 2nd Ed. New York: Harper Sketches of Travels in Spain and the East, New Collins, 1986, 10. York: A. roman Co., 1868, 230-1. 3. Michael Grant. The History of Ancient Israel, Chas. Scribner’s Sons, New York (1984), p.77-8. 4. James Orr, ed. “Entry for ‘JEBUS; JEBUSI; JEBUSITE’”. “International Standard Bible Encyclopedia,” 1915; http://www.studylight. Bro. Michael A. org/enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T4888.(Accessed April 4, 2007). See also; Genesis 14:18. Halleran a freelance 5. George A. Barton, “The Jerusalem of David and Solomon,” The Biblical World, Vol. 22, writer and a practicing No.1 (July 1903), 8-10. attorney in the Flint 6. Amenophis IV is also known as Amenhotep IV, and still better known as Pharaoh Hills of East-Central Akhenaten of the Eighteenth dynasty who was notable as the architect of the restructuring of Kansas, is Senior the pantheistic Egyptian religion to a monotheistic worship the god Aten. Clyde E. Fant, Deacon of Emporia Mitchell G. reddish. lost Treasures of the Bible: lodge No. 12, A.F.A. Understanding the Bible Through Archaeological Artifacts in World Museums, Cambridge: M. Bro. Halleran Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008, 43. 7. Ibid., 10-11. received the Mackey 8. The Amarna letters—are an archeological find of some 350 clay tablets found in 1887 in Award for Excellence in Masonic Scholarship for the ruins of the ancient Egyptian city of Amarna his article in Heredom, vol. 14 (2006), and is the co- which is located between Memphis and Thebes in Upper Egypt. They contain a record of author of a regular column for Upland Almanac. His correspondence between Egyptian officials and their imperial representatives in Canaan. William articles have also appeared in Shooting Sportsman, l. Moran. The Amarna letters, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992, xxvi. Midwest Outdoors, and FUr FISH GAME. A devoted See also William M. Flinders Petrie. Syria And husband and father, he is a member of the Quatuor Egypt: From The Tell El Amarna letters, New York: Scribner’s, 1898. Coronati Correspondence Circle and the Scottish rite 9. Numbers 13:29; Joshua 11:3. 10. Yisrael Shalem. “History of Jerusalem research Society where he studies Freemasonry in from Its Beginning to David,” Jerusalem: life Throughout the Ages in a Holy City. Bar-Ilan the American Civil War and the traditions of military University, Ingeborg rennert Center for Jerusalem lodges worldwide. In his spare time he enjoys hunting Studies, (August 26, 2002), http:// pheasant, quail, prairie chicken, and defense counsel. (Accessed April 4, 2007). 11. See Edward lipinski. Itineraria Phoenicia, Orientalia lovaniensia Analecta 127 (leuven: Published with permission of the author. Rising point fall 2010 17
  18. 18. Bro. ALPHONSE MUCHA: Artistic Visionary “The Freemason purpose of my work was never This sensitive he would be initiated into Freemasonry in 1898) and to destroy but always to and insightful after a few sponsorships dried up, he was left broke create, to construct bridges, quote is by a and adrift at the age of 27 as a proverbial starving because we must live in the Freemason artist—a role that he was to play to perfection for five hope that humankind will draw w h o years. together and that the better transformed himself from At the age of 34, after designing posters for several we understand each other an average plays starring the legendary Sarah Bernhardt, Mucha the easier this will student and became an overnight sensation. He designed stamps, become.” amateur wallpaper, lamps, sculpture, and type fonts, all while musician into creating heavily thematic and lush paintings for clients one of the most imitated artists and designers of all such as the 1900 World’s Fair in Paris. time. Indeed, he is widely considered the father of what came to be known to the world as Art Nouveau, His intention was that his vision not be confined solely one of the most important aesthetic trends of the last to personal artistic copyright, and in 1905 published 200 years. Alphonse Mucha not only exemplified the the seminal “Figures Decoratives” as a manifesto artist as a visionary, but also as a storyteller. If it is the to pass on his artistic philosophy and theory to the duty of the artist to explore the currents of emotion, next generation of artists and his style became a identity, and mythology that influence civilization, then frequently imitated blueprint. Four years later he the philosophy credited to the Art Nouveau movement was commissioned to paint a series of murals for the was that everything could and should be art. It was lord Mayor’s Hall in Prague, a project that was to this artistic worldview that also influenced him in his consume the next 18 years of his life. The end result Freemasonry as he is also considered the father was “The Slav Epic,” a set of 20 massive 24-foot- of Czech Masonry and not only served as Grand by-30-foot paintings chronicling the Slavic people’s Master, but also in the capacity of Sovereign Grand historical evolution and representing Mucha’s hopes Commander of the A.A.S.r. of Freemasonry for and dreams for his Czech homeland. Czechoslovakia. In the years following World War I, Mucha became Mucha was born in 1860 in Ivancice, Moravia. Despite an anachronism. While his art was still relatively his father’s wishes, he became an artist as a young popular, political attitudes changed and the kingdoms man after being inspired by the paintings in local of the Czech region united to form the nation of churches. As was typical of almost every aspiring artist Czechoslovakia. In the face of these changes, his in fin-de-siècle Europe, Mucha moved to Paris (where stylized, romantic imagery was increasingly derided 18 Rising point fall 2010
  19. 19. Continued from page 18 as old-world—an unforgivable sin in the artistic and political communities of the day. Nevertheless, whether it was due to his sizable influence, his deep involvement with Freemasonry, or both, he was still important enough to be arrested when the Nazis invaded Czechoslovakia. After returning home on July 14, 1939, following a questioning session by Gestapo agents, Mucha died. His violent demise was ironic for a visionary who believed in the inherent artistic merit and humanity of his culture, as well as the rest of the world. Tragically, it was a world that would continue to plunge into barbarism and ultimately set his beloved country aflame. A 1932 Masonic address to by Mucha to his lodge in Pilsen: “A Masonic lodge is not a club where precious time and brotherly togetherness are wasted in chattering about everyday things, social matters and the like, which could be just as well discussed elsewhere. Nor is Masonry a monastery where every monk builds his own salvation in sombre secrecy and isolation from the world... Alphonse Mucha. The Apotheosis of the Slavs. 1926. Oil on No! Our work is strictly self-discipline, so canvas. Private collection. that we may set a shining example to others Alphonse Mucha. Holy Mount Athos. 1926. Tempera on canvas. in our land whom we wish to draw towards 405 x 480 cm. Mucha Museum, Prague, Czech republic. our light.” Bro. Adam G. Kendall PM Henry Wilson Coil library Museum of Freemasonry Grand lodge of F. A.M. of California Published with permission of the author. Rising point fall 2010 1
  20. 20. Karl W. Grube, Ph.D., 32º is a Founder and President of the Bonisteel Masonic Library. He was FROM DARkNESS for many years Lodge Education Officer of Ann Arbor Fraternity Lodge #262. He also is a life-time TO LIgHT TO DARkNESS member of the Craft. For more A Short Talk information on this article, e-mail by Karl W. Bro. Grube - Grube ABSTRACT OFFICEr PrOGrAM: Upon being raised to the Sublime Degree of Master At the regular Monthly meeting, the lodge Education Mason, the candidate has achieved a semblance Officer hands out a Masonic book to each Officer. of “light” in Freemasonry. A choice now looms for These Officers include WM, SW, JW, SD, JD, Treasurer, the newly-made Mason; he can seek further light in Secretary, Almoner, Chaplain, Tyler, and 2 Stewards Masonry through education or retreat to the darkness = 12 books are needed for distribution to all Officers. of the North as an illiterate member of the lodge. This is a $300 investment by the lodge treasury and ordered from At the next monthly WISDOM ● UNDERSTANDING ● KNOWLEDGE! meeting the Officers exchange books. Each month one of the Officers provides a four minute oral report OFFICER PROGRAM: on his monthly reading. Eight minutes are reserved for At the regular Monthly meeting, the lodge Education questions from the sidelines. These twelve minutes can Officer hands out a Masonic book to each Officer. Next become a strong monthly lodge Education Program. month Officers exchange books. The WM selects an Officers to give an oral report on his monthly reading. NEWLY-MADE MASON PROGRAM: Newly-made Masons are given one book per month to NEWLY-MADE MASON PROGRAM: read and write 100 words as to the Masonic message Newly-made Masons are given one book per month to of the book. These written materials are submitted to read and write a 100 summary. The lEO meets with the lodge Education Officer, aka lEO. The lEO meets the newly-made Masons monthly to review their written with the new Masons monthly to review the written submissions. The best of these written materials are submissions. The best of these written materials are published as an educational unit. published as an educational unit and distributed to all newly-made Masons with multiple copies placed in the lodge library. FROM DARKNESS TO LIGHT TO DARKNESS In 1874 Mackey reported that only 1/3 of Masons were The Bonisteel Masonic library – Ann Arbor/Detroit has readers who strive to improve their understanding of reviewed all major Masonic works offered by Amazon. the Masonic literature. Today the percentage of Masons com. Twelve books have been selected for these who actively read Masonic books and articles remains programs in Masonic literacy. unchanged. If today’s lodges fail to encourage reading, the Craft in - A description of America will continue to decline. ref:reading Masons 12 Masonic books which are necessary for Masonic and Masons who Do Not read, Alberrt G. Mackey, literacy. 1874 (republished by Stephen Dafoe in Masonic Magazine Issue , p-5) One book a month will offer “more light” for the newly- Upon being raised to the Sublime Degree of Master made Mason. Mason, the candidate has achieved a semblance of light in Freemasonry. A choice now looms for the Results: After a few short years, newly-made Mason; he can seek further light in Results: Officers achieve “more light”. Twelve Masonic books are Freemasons who attend Lodge are become more literate. Discussions Masonry through education or retreat to the darkness read during the Masonic year. between Masons on is elevated. of the North as an illiterate member of the lodge. www. The conversation at the Lodge Attendance at monthly Lodge dinner table is enriched. meetings usually increases. - Intender 0 Rising point fall 2010
  21. 21. Continued from page 20 WISDOM ● UNDERSTANDING ● KNOWLEDGE! 1. Symbols of Freemasonry - Daniel Beresniak richly illustrated, Symbols of Freemasonry provides a synthesis of one of mankind’s oldest existing secular brotherhoods. It is designed both for the initiated and for newcomers interested in gaining a better understanding of this fascinating but often misrepresented society. 2. Born In Blood - John Robinson Unlike most of its five million members, including many world leaders, who believe that the Freemasons, the world’s largest fraternal organization, evolved from the guilds of medieval stonemasons, historian robinson persuasively links Freemasonry’s origins and goals to the once powerful and wealthy Knights Templar order. Banned and persecuted by a 14th-century papal bull, he claims, the Knights were forced to form an underground society. 3. Detroit’s Masonic Temple - Alex Lundberg and Greg Kowalski The largest Masonic Temple in the world, Detroit ’s Masonic Temple is a monumental structure with a rich and colorful history. 4. A New Encyclopedia of Freemasonry - Robert MaCoy Here is a remarkable history, encyclopedia and symbolic dictionary of Freemasonry all in one convenient volume and attractively illustrated with 300 nineteenth-century engravings. 5. Freemasonry A Journey Through Ritual and Symbol - W. Kirk MacNulty If you are a Freemason, or are even remotely interested in the subject, you should own this book....if, for no other reason than the fact that this book contains many, many full-color, full-page pictures other graphics, such as Craft Symbolism, the “Tools” of the Craft, Trestle Boards, etc. This book also contains an overview of Freemasonry, including some of the esoteric aspects of The Craft--even mentioning the Hermetic axiom: “As Above, So Below.” 6. Freemasons for Dummies - Christopher Hodapp The book profiles famous Freemasons throughout history including many of America’s Founding Fathers as well as prominent politicians and business leaders offers a balanced assessment of the many controversies and conspiracy theories that continue to swirl around Freemasonry. For anyone who wants an evenhanded overview of Freemasonry’s past, present, and future, this guide is the key. 7. The Builders - Joseph Fort Newton Masonry, which had started as an underground association of building trade workers, evolved into a fraternal group which included both members of the English royal family and American revolutionaries. Despite his rational stance, Newton is rhapsodic about the progressive influence of the Masonic movement and philosophy, both for individuals seeking ‘the lost word’, and for society as a whole. Newton claims that the world has benefited greatly because of the Masonic ideals of liberty, fraternity and equality. The Builders tells the Masonic side of this story. Rising point fall 2010 1
  22. 22. 8. The Secret Architecture of Our Nation’s Capital - David Ovason This book, the result of a decade of thought and research, establishes the plausibility of Ovason’s theory. However, the volume A a labyrinthine, illustrated tomeAalso contains a good deal of wild speculation. Ovason posits, for example, that the “earthly triangle” formed by Capitol/White House/ Washington Monument mirrors a triangle of stars in the constellation Virgo, an astrological sign important to the Masons. This, he contends, proves that Masons secretly consecrated the nation’s capital to the celestial Virgo. It’s an interesting, if dubious, suggestion Abut Ovason never establishes the significance of the link between the capital and the occult. 9. House Undivided - Allen Roberts House Undivided - The Story of Freemasonry and the Civil War. This book is by Allen roberts and was published in 1976 by Macoy Publishing and Masonic Supply Co. It has 356 pages and explains the Masonic role in the Civil War. The brotherhood was confronted with a difficult conflict when the Civil War broke out in 1861. Freemasons, both northern and southern, were forced to choose a side and go against the very foundation of the society of Freemasonry. Despite all their differences, Masons continued to practice their principles of brotherly love and good will on the battlefield, thus proving that the men who joined under the order would not, under any circumstances, sever their bonds of Masonic unity. Here is their story told by the famous Masonic author Bro. Allen E. roberts. 10. The Craft and Its Symbols - Allen Roberts This book does an excellent job explaining some of those rather obscure symbols that you may have happened across. From the EA thru MM, the high points are covered without giving too much away. 11. The complete Idiot’s Guide to Freemasonry - S. Brent Morris, Ph.D The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Freemasonry is well-written and easy to read, being easily read from cover to cover within a single day. While one may certainly choose to read the book from cover to cover (I did), it is also a book that serves as a useful reference of Masonic facts and trivia, history and practice. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Freemasonry also has fun and interesting bits of trivia and Masonic facts that give one a bit more insight into different parts of the Craft. 12. Solomon’s Builders: Freemasons, Founding Fathers and the Secrets of Washington D.C. - by Christopher Hodapp Solomon’s Builders transports the reader back to the birth of a radical new nation and tells how a secretive society influenced and inspired the formation of what would become the most powerful nation on earth. A history that reads like a thriller, it follows George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and the other Founding Fathers who transformed the lessons of their Masonic lodge rooms into models for a new democracy. In the process, it pieces together the still-visible clues of the Freemasons as it uncovers the mystical Masonic symbolism hidden in the design of the city and in its monuments, statues and buildings. From “all-seeing eyes,” pentagrams, and Egyptian-inspired obelisks to the imposing and mysterious Masonic temples of the “Widow’s Sons,” Solomon’s Builders guides readers on a Freemason’s tour of Washington, D.C. as it separates fact from myth and reveals the background of the sequel to The Da Vinci Code. Rising point fall 2010
  23. 23. Continued from page 19 At the age of 34, after designing posters for several plays starring the legendary Sarah Bernhardt, Mucha became an overnight sensation. - Bro. Adam Kendall Rising point fall 2010 3
  24. 24. CROWN OF SERPENTS T o the delight, and sometimes chagrin, of forward for a closer inspection. “Hey, Freemasons, the Fraternity and its members are I know that symbol,” he said. “It’s the winding up in a variety of action packed, treasure rotary Club.” hunting pot-boilers these days. Pseudo-historical conspiracies, cryptograms, gruesome murders, and “No you fucking idiot,” mumbled Nero high-tech gadgetry are essentials in this growing without looking up. “It’s the symbol of literary subgenre. Indeed, such stories have come a the oldest and largest fraternity in the long way from Daniel Dravot and Peachy Carnehan in world, the Freemasons. The square, Kipling’s The Man Who Would Be King (1888). While the compasses, and the letter G for Crown of Serpents may not be the next Da Vinci Code Geometry.” or lost Symbol, it satisfactorily covers the expected terrain, offering up a pulp-fiction extravaganza with Expletive aside, Alex Nero’s response reads more than a heaping side of Freemasonry. more like a statement from a Masonic information pamphlet rather than the angry outburst of a Crown of Serpents is set almost exclusively in the hardboiled crime boss. But of course, Crown picturesque Finger lakes region of New York. Major of Serpents is less about compelling dialogue Jake Tununda, a seasoned combat veteran, has just than it is about fast-paced action and treasure taken a new position as a historian with the U.S. Army’s hunting. This is pure guilty pleasure reading. Military History Institute. En route to a conference in Michael Karpovage became a Freemason rochester, he makes a fateful decision to assist local while researching Crown of Serpents. His police and firemen rescue a victim who has fallen portrayal of the Fraternity is, not unexpectedly, into a pit. This detour brings Major Tununda face to positive and seemingly face with his own Native American roots and past, designed to intrigue a revolutionary War mystery, and a centuries-old non-Masons about our conspiracy involving the Iroquois “White Deer Society” real history and work. and Freemasons like himself. Crown of Serpents is an entertaining book. Michael Karpovage, a native of New York, knows his It would also be nice setting well and uses it to good effect in Crown of to see it, along with Serpents. If there is a problem with this book, it is the other positive Karpovage’s over-explanation of his historical teasers press circulating about and Masonic allusions which tend to burden his Masonry today, launch narrative. It is also leads to some awkward dialogue: more good men on true adventures of a …Nero laid the rifle on the table and lifetime. flipped it over. He ordered Kantiio and rousseau to each hold one end while Michael Karpovage, Crown of Serpents (Jacks river he pried at what looked like a tiny round Communications 2009, plug the size of a dime… Kantiio leaned $19.99 USD) 4 Rising point fall 2010