Chapter 7 section 1


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Chapter 7 section 1

  1. 1. The Nominating Process Chapter 7 Section 1 Government
  2. 2. Bellringer <ul><li>Reflect on what process you would have to follow before the election to seek the presidency of the senior class OR a group organization that you belong to. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nomination Process <ul><li>Process of candidate selection-the naming of those who will seek office. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two party system plays a role here! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dictatorships-general elections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regularly scheduled elections at which voters make the final selection for the office holder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually only ONE choice!!! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>5 ways in which nominations are made in the U.S. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Self Announcement <ul><li>Oldest form-still used in many rural areas. </li></ul><ul><li>A person who wants to run for office announces that fact. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes used by someone who failed to win a regular party nomination or by someone unhappy with the party's choice. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Write-in candidates count also! </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. The Caucus <ul><li>A Caucus is a group of like-minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election. </li></ul><ul><li>The caucus is still used in many areas of New England to make local nominations. </li></ul><ul><li>Started as private meetings during early America. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3. The Convention <ul><li>First convention in 1831 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All major party candidates for president have been chosen by this method since! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Members of the party come together to nominate candidates for office. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conventions vary for different states. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4. Direct Primary <ul><li>Intra-party election-it is held within a party to pick that party's candidates for the general election. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some states use a mix of convention and direct primary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Closed Primary-party members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Open Primary-any qualified voter </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Primaries <ul><li>Closed Primary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24 States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open only to party members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can only vote for their registered party! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Primary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any qualified voter can participate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blanket Primary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voters receive a ballot with EVERY party! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Supporters of Closed <ul><li>It prevents one party from “raiding” the other's primary in the hope of nominating weaker candidates in the other party. </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates will be more responsive to the party. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes voters more thoughtful. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Supporters of Open <ul><li>Forces voters to make party preferences. </li></ul><ul><li>Excludes independent voters. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not force party choice or loyalty. </li></ul>
  11. 11. More Primary stuff... <ul><li>Runoff Primary-If no one wins a majority, the two top votegetters in the first party primary face one another for the party's nomination. </li></ul><ul><li>Nonpartisan Primary-elections in which candidates are not identified by party labels. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many state judges are chosen this way. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 5. Petition <ul><li>People are nominated by a certain number of required voters signatures. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ohio Primaries? <ul><li>GOP will be sometime in March (tentative March 6 th ) </li></ul><ul><li>Here’s how it works, as best I can figure: </li></ul><ul><li>1. A registered Ohio voter goes to the appropriate primary election voting place, with the required personal identification. </li></ul><ul><li>2. A poll worker will ask if you want a Republican or a Democrat ballot. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The poll worker checks which party primary you voted in last time, and if it is not the same party as you are asking to vote in this time, you may be challenged. If you are not challenged, then there should be no problem. </li></ul><ul><li>4. If you wish to switch party affiliations, say so. </li></ul><ul><li>5. You will be given a form, either Form 10-X or Form 10-W, which you must fill out. and sign. </li></ul>