Chapter 5 powerpoint

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Chapter 5 powerpoint

  1. 1. Two-Party System American Government
  2. 2. Why a Two-Party System? <ul><li>Historical Basis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratification of the Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It has always been this way! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Critical of the Two-Party System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political Shading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think?! Does the two-party system hurt or help American policy? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Electoral System <ul><li>Single-member districts-contests in which only one candidate is elected to each office on the ballot. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winner-take-all </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plurality-largest number of votes cast (majority-but not always!!!) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ wasted vote” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The system discourages non-major party candidates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bipartisan-the two parties find ways to agree </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Bipartisan Politics <ul><li>Election laws are deliberately written to preserve, protect, and defend the two major parties. </li></ul><ul><li>Third party candidates do not even make it to each state ballot! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few exceptions! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eugene Debs, Ross Perot </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Ideological Consensus <ul><li>Pluralistic society-a society of several distinct cultures and groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus-a general agreement among various groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. History has many examples where the nation has been divided however: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Civil War </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam War </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. “ Middle of the Road” <ul><li>Our two parties are moderate </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social welfare, regulation, improve status of minorities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private markets, less government involvement </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Multiparty Systems <ul><li>A system in which several major and many lesser parties exist, seriously compete for, and actually win, public offices. </li></ul><ul><li>Parties are based on a particular interest </li></ul><ul><li>Can sometimes lead to the instability of government </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition-a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority. </li></ul>
  8. 8. One-Party Systems <ul><li>A “no-party” system-A Dictatorship! </li></ul><ul><li>Some states have been accused of having a “one-party” system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats in the South in the 1960's </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans in the Northeast </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Party Membership Patterns <ul><li>Do we have Party Membership Patterns in the U.S.? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religions? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socio-Economic Status? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Significant minor parties-p.124 </li></ul>

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