Technical English


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Technical English

  1. 1. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  2. 2. To understand Technical English issues andincrease management and adequacy in theuse of vocabulary and specific functions incontexts related to the academic field ofstudy and future professional life. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  3. 3. The term Technical English does not reallyexist as such. Technical Communication isthat lexical baggage (Jargon) and languagetechnicalities applied to specific professionalcontexts. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  4. 4. It is the transmission of technical information in an objective manner.The outputs are often action-oriented texts, that is, texts which have apractical purpose.Other technical communication types are the production of documentsto the professional field such as Letters, Curriculum Vitaes, Informativetexts for internal organizationalcommunication, newspapers, magazines, etc.Technical writing (Blake & Bly 1993) is:Technicallyaccurate, useful, concise, complete, clear, consistent, correct inspelling, punctuation and grammar, targeted, and well organized. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  5. 5. Technical Communication demands the use ofspecial vocabulary (Jargon) and languagestructure:Formal language lexiconJargonConditionalsCommand-ImperativesPassive voiceGerund (to/ing) Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  6. 6. Jargon is terminology which is especially defined in relationship to aspecific activity, profession, or group. Philosopher Condillac observed in1782 that "Every science requires a special language because everyscience has its own ideas”.In other words, the term covers the language used by people who workin a particular area or who have a common interest. A standard termmay be given a more precise or unique usage among practitioners of afield. In many cases this causes a barrier to communication with thosenot familiar with the language of the field. As an example, the wordsRAM, bit, byte, CPU, and hexadecimal are jargon terms related tocomputing. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  7. 7. The basics elements of a good business letter writing are easy to learn.The following phrases and sentences provide ideas on usual ways forTechnical Writing in any standard business letter.These phrases or sentences are used as a type of structure andintroduction to the content of business letters.At the end of this session, by using these standard phrases, you can givea professional tone to your English business letters. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  8. 8. 1.The Start•Dear Personnel Director,•Dear Sir or Madam: (use if you dont know who you are writing to)•Dear Dr, Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms Smith: (use if you know who you are writingto, and have a formal relationship with - VERY IMPORTANT use Ms for womenunless asked to use Mrs or Miss)•Dear Frank: (use if the person is a close business contact or friend)2.The Reference•With reference to your advertisement in the Times/your letter of 23 rd March/your phone call today.•Thank you for your letter of March 5 th . Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  9. 9. 3.The Reason for Writing 6.Giving Bad NewsI am writing to inquire about…/ Unfortunately…apologize for… / I am afraid that…confirm… 7.Enclosing Documents4.Requesting I am enclosing…Could you possibly…? Please find enclosed…I would be grateful if you could… Enclosed you will find…5.Agreeing to RequestsI would be delighted to… Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  10. 10. 8.Closing Remarks 10.The EndingThank you for your help Please Yours faithfully, (If you dont knowcontact us again if… the name of the person youre writing to)/we can helpin any way/ Yours sincerely, (If you know the name ofthere are any problems/ the person youre writing to)you have any questions/ Best wishes,9.Reference to Future Contact Best regards, (If the person is a closeI look forward to ... business contact or friend)hearing from you soon/meeting you next Tuesday/seeing you next Thursday. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  11. 11. October 23, 2006.Fred FlintstoneSales ManagerCheese Specialists Inc.456 Rubble RoadRockville, IL .Dear Mr Flintstone:With reference to our telephone conversation today, I am writing to confirm your orderfor: 120 x Cheddar Deluxe Ref. No. 856 .The order will be shipped within three days via UPS and should arrive at your store inabout 10 days.Please contact us again if we can help in any way.Yours sincerely,Kenneth Beare.Director of Kens Cheese House. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  12. 12. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  13. 13. A curriculum vitae is used primarily when applying for anemployment, academic, education, scientific or research positions.A curriculum vitae should include your name, contactinformation, education, skills and experience. In addition to the basics, a CVincludes research and teaching experience, publications, grants andfellowships, professional associations and licenses, awards and otherinformation relevant to the position you are applying for.Start by making a list of all your background information, then organize itinto categories. Make sure you include dates on all the publications youinclude. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  14. 14. Keep your curriculum vitae simple, concise and easy to read. Yourcurriculum vitae must sell you and must be tailored to what the reader islooking for.Having a good CV is essential for full-time jobs, part-time, internal, external, promotions, new jobs, and career changes.Successful candidates are invariably the people who provide employerswith the best CVs and best covering letters.A CV does not have to be a text document. It can be a video. Create avideo CV, and to upload it onto a website. Only the people with the bestCVs and letters get to that stage. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  15. 15. CV writing is a form of marketing oradvertising, when the product is you! Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  16. 16. Personal InformationNameDate of BirthNationalityAddress (home and term)Telephone (home)Telephone (mobile)E-mailPersonal ProfileSummary about what you have done (degree, relevantexperience), the skills you have to offer (target towards theadvert/job description) and what you are looking to do. 3 linesmax. Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  17. 17. Education and QualificationsDate University, Course, Qualification (grade or predicted grade) Subject Modules studied, dissertationDate School / FE College A Levels (grades if good) / Other qualificationsDate School GCSE – number of subjects, including Maths and EnglishWork Experience (most recent first)Date Company Name, Job Title Main responsibilities Skills gained (communication, team work, interpersonal, problem solving, etc) Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  18. 18. SkillsLanguagesIT skillsOther relevant skillsInterests and ActivitiesNot just a list – try to make them relevant to what the employer is lookingfor – eg. Travelling around Europe helped develop my communicationskills through meeting a variety of people.ReferencesAvailable on request Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.
  19. 19. •Write a business letter about a topic orsituation of your interest.•Write your own Curriculum Vitae Lic. Juan Carlos Santamaría Fernández.