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Chapter 3 ss review


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Chapter 3 ss review

  1. 1. Chapter  3  Review  
  2. 2. Mesopotamia  is  located  between  the   __________  and  ________  rivers.  
  3. 3. Mesopotamia  is  located  between  the   __________  and  ________  rivers.   Tigris  and  Euphrates  
  4. 4.   An  “independent  state  that  includes  a  city   and  its  surrounding  territory”  is  a(n)   ___________________.  
  5. 5.   An  “independent  state  that  includes  a  city   and  its  surrounding  territory”  is  a(n)  city-­‐state.  
  6. 6. How  many  different  classes  were  there   in  ancient  Sumer?   .  
  7. 7. How  many  different  classes  were  there   in  ancient  Sumer?   There  were  three  social  classes.  What  were   they?  
  8. 8. How  many  different  classes  were  there   in  ancient  Sumer?   There  were  three  social  classes.  What  were   they?   Upper  class  –  rulers,  top  officials,  priests,   wealthy  merchants,  and  land  owners   Middle  class  –  farmers  and  skilled  workers   Lower  class  –  slaves    
  9. 9. A  religion  that  promotes  a  belief  in  more  than   one  god  is  known  as  ________  .  
  10. 10. A  religion  that  promotes  a  belief  in  more  than   one  god  is  known  as  polytheism.  
  11. 11. A  system  of  wriMng  that  uses  triangular-­‐shaped   symbols  to  stand  for  ideas  or  things  is  known   as  __________.    
  12. 12. A  system  of  wriMng  that  uses  triangular-­‐shaped   symbols  to  stand  for  ideas  or  things  is  known   as  cuneiform.    
  13. 13. The  set  of  282  laws  that  governed  life  in  the   Babylonian  empire  is  known  as   _____________.    
  14. 14. The  set  of  282  laws  that  governed  life  in  the   Babylonian  empire  is  known  as  Hammurabi’s   Code.    
  15. 15. Which  Assyrian  leader  built  a  library  and  filled  it   with  over  20,000  tablets  on  subjects  like  math,   science,  and  law?  
  16. 16. Which  Assyrian  leader  built  a  library  and  filled  it   with  over  20,000  tablets  on  subjects  like  math,   science,  and  law?   Ashurbanipal  
  17. 17. This  leader  captured  Jerusalem  and  built  what   would  be  known  as  the  “Neo  Babylonian”   empire.  
  18. 18. This  leader  captured  Jerusalem  and  built  what   would  be  known  as  the  “Neo  Babylonian”   empire.   Nebuchadnezzar  II  
  19. 19. This  Persian  leader  conquered  the  Medes  and   greatly  increased  the  size  of  his  empire.  
  20. 20. This  Persian  leader  conquered  the  Medes  and   greatly  increased  the  size  of  his  empire.   Cyrus  the  Great  
  21. 21.   The  son  of  Cyrus  the  Great,  this  leader   conquered  Egypt,  but  had  to  end  his  invasion   of  Kush  aer  his  army  was  unprepared  to   survive  in  the  desert.  
  22. 22.   The  son  of  Cyrus  the  Great,  this  leader   conquered  Egypt,  but  had  to  end  his  invasion   of  Kush  aer  his  army  was  unprepared  to   survive  in  the  desert.     Cambyses  II  
  23. 23.   This  leader  took  the  throne  by  force  aer   Cambyses  died.  He  divided  his  empire  into   provinces  with  their  own  leaders,  laws,  and   tradiMons.    
  24. 24.   This  leader  took  the  throne  by  force  aer   Cambyses  died.  He  divided  his  empire  into   provinces  with  their  own  leaders,  laws,  and   tradiMons.     Darius  the  Great    
  25. 25.   What  were  two  things  that  Darius  did  to  help   develop  his  empire?  
  26. 26.   What  were  two  things  that  Darius  did  to  help   develop  his  empire?     -­‐  Divide  his  territory  into  provinces     -­‐  Created  a  common  currency     -­‐  Built  a  system  of  roads     -­‐  Created  a  series  of  postal  staDons  
  27. 27.   What  was  the  central  belief  of  Zorastrianism?  
  28. 28.   What  was  the  central  belief  of  Zorastrianism?         The  universe  in  a  state  of  struggle  between   the  forces  of  good  and  evil.  
  29. 29.   How  and  why  were  seals  used  in  Sumer?  
  30. 30.   How  and  why  were  seals  used  in  Sumer?     A  seal  was  used  idenDfy  objects  as   someone’s  personal  property.  The  seal  leI   the  personal  mark  of  an  individual  and  was   stamped  into  clay.  
  31. 31.   Phoenician  society  began  to  emerge  once   ______________  rule  ended.  
  32. 32.   Phoenician  society  began  to  emerge  once   EgypDan  rule  ended.  
  33. 33.   Why  did  the  Phoenicians  trade  with  other   cultures?  
  34. 34.   Why  did  the  Phoenicians  trade  with  other   cultures?     They  had  few  natural  resources  of  their  own.  
  35. 35.   What  is  the  difference  between  an  import   and  an  export?  
  36. 36.   What  is  the  difference  between  an  import   and  an  export?     An  import  is  a  good  or  service  sold  within  a   country  that  is  produced  in  another  country.     An  export  is  a  good  or  service  produced   within  a  country  and  sold  outside  the   country’s  borders.  
  37. 37. The  Phoenicians  developed  an  __________  with   ______  symbols  that  is  similar  to  what  we  use   today.  
  38. 38. The  Phoenicians  developed  an  alphabet  with  22   symbols  that  is  similar  to  what  we  use  today.