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Things to know

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Things to know

  1. 1. Things to Know Industrial Revolution & the Civil War
  2. 2. Edwin Drake <ul><li>1858 </li></ul><ul><li>Drilled 69½ feet </li></ul><ul><li>First to drill for oil in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Titusville, PA </li></ul><ul><li>PA led the world in oil production until 1901’s oil boom in Texas </li></ul>
  3. 3. John Roebling <ul><li>Inventor of wire rope for canal </li></ul><ul><li>Designed suspension bridges (Brooklyn Bridge) </li></ul><ul><li>Enables bridges to span much farther </li></ul>
  4. 4. Andrew Carnegie <ul><li>“ rags to riches” </li></ul><ul><li>Carnegie Steel </li></ul><ul><li>Largest industry in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Sold company for $225,639,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Philanthropist </li></ul>
  5. 5. Milton Hershey <ul><li>Created on formula for milk chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>World’s largest chocolate manufacturing plant (1905) </li></ul><ul><li>Philanthropist </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conestoga Wagon <ul><li>Developed by Germans in Lancaster (1749) </li></ul><ul><li>could hold up to 12,000 pounds </li></ul>
  7. 7. Horseshoe Curve <ul><li>Made possible railroad transportation through the Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Completed 1854 </li></ul>
  8. 8. National Road <ul><li>nation's first federally funded highway (route 40) </li></ul><ul><li>Includes Braddock’s Road </li></ul>
  9. 9. Allegheny Portage Railroad <ul><li>From Hollidaysburg to Johnstown </li></ul><ul><li>System of inclined planes to connect canals </li></ul><ul><li>Made obsolete by the Horseshoe Curve </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ida Tarbell <ul><li>“ muckraker” or investigative journalist </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote “Standard Oil Company”—criticized oil industry </li></ul><ul><li>Top 5 most important book of the 20 th century </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rachel Carson <ul><li>Silent Spring spurred a reversal in national pesticide policy—ban on DDT and other pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Began the environmental movement </li></ul><ul><li>Resulted in the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Molly McGuires <ul><li>Irish organization of miners </li></ul><ul><li>Murdered managers and mine superintendents </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty molly McgGuires were sentenced to death for the killings. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Homestead Steel Strike <ul><li>Carnegie steel factory </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced the workers’ wages & hired replacement workers </li></ul><ul><li>Battle ensued, with some agents and steelworkers being killed </li></ul>
  14. 14. Henry Heinz <ul><li>Opened a factory in Pittsburgh </li></ul><ul><li>One of the top-selling brands in the country. </li></ul>

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