Geologically, a fjord or fiord or pronounced is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides, created in a valley carved by glacial activity.
The ancestors of the Sami are to be found among the hunting and trapping people who lived in the Arctic area of the Scandinavian countries during prehistoric times. The Sami inhabits the northern areas of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. The estimated number of Sami is 50,000-75,000. During the 17th and 18th centuries reindeer husbandry was developed and the domesticated reindeer became the foundation of Sami livelihood.
Stave churches are wooden churches dating back 500-700 years.
Clockwise from top left—oslo, stockholm, helsinki, copenhagen—and lastly, Rej
It has a population of about 320,000. Sixty-three percent of the island is tundra. Renewable energy provides over 70% of the nation's primary energy. Over 99% of the country's electricity is produced from hydropower and geothermal energy, and the country expects to be energy-independent by 2050. Traditional Icelandic turf house is shown above.