The Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest and oldest of the pyramids, completed in 2560BC. It took over 20 years to complete and is believed to weight a total of 5.9 million tons. The Great Pyramid consists of more than 2.3 million limestone blocks. The Egyptians shipped the limestone blocks from quarries all along the Nile River. The stone was cut by hammering wedges into the stone. Then the wedges were soaked with water. The wedges expanded, causing the rock to crack. Once they were cut, they were carried by boat either up or down the Nile River to the pyramid. The Great Pyramid was surfaced by white 'casing stones' – slant-faced, but flat-topped, blocks of highly polished white limestone. Visibly all that remains is the underlying step-pyramid core structure seen today.
Each god was responsible for protecting a particular organ, and were themselves protected by companion goddesses from harm. They were:the jackal-headed god representing the east, whose jar contained the stomach and was protected by the goddess Neith. the falcon-headed god representing the west, whose jar contained the intestines and was protected by the goddess Selket. the baboon-headed god representing the north, whose jar contained the lungs and was protected by the goddess Nephthys. the human-headed god representing the south, whose jar contained the liver and was protected by the goddess Isis
Lake Retba or Lac Rose lies north of the Cap Vertpeninsula of Senegal, north east of Dakar.It is so named for its pink waters, caused by cyanobacteria in the water. The color is particularly visible during the dry season. The lake is also known for its high salt content, which, like that of the Dead Sea, allows people to float easily. The lake also has a small salt collecting industry and is often the finishing point of the Dakar Rally.Many salt collectors work 6–7 hours a day in the lake, which has a salt content close to 40%. In order to protect their skin, they rub their skin with "Beurre de Karité" (shea butter, produced from shea nuts obtained from the Shea nut tree), which is an emollient used to avoid tissue damage.
The genocide in Darfur (region of western Sudan) has killed an estimated 200,000-400,000 people. The janjaweed (devils on horseback) have raided and burned hundreds of villages in Darfur. The janjaweed are Arab militia supported by the government and targeting Africans. Over 2.5 million survivors fled into the neighboring countries of Chad and the CAR. But recently, attacks have crossed the border into these countries as well. Poor conditions in the refugee camps and lack of safety for humanitarian workers has resulted in tens of thousands of refugees dying. Much criticism has been aimed at the Chinese government, who owns 40% of Sudan’s oil and provides millions of dollars in weapons to Sudan’s government, to intervene in the crisis, but China says it has no authority to do so.
Sahara & the sahel
The Muslim World
Brainstorm:Why does Africalook so muchdifferent toEurope & theMiddle East inthis satelliteimage? What is this?
1. What is the longest river in the world? a) Amazon b) Yangtze c) Nile2. What is the major city in Egypt? a) Cairo b) Jerusalem c) Mecca3. What does the Nile river empty into? a) Lake Victoria b) Indian Ocean c) Mediterranean4. What is the canal in Egypt called? a) Panama b) Suez c) Aswan5. What two bodies of water does the Suez canal connect? a) Mediterranean and Atlantic b) Atlantic and Red c) Mediterranean and Red6. Where are the famous pyramids located? a) Giza b) Mecca c) Sudan7. What is the name for the ancient rulers of Egypt? a) emperors b) pharaohs c) canopics8. What is the name of the dam built along the Nile River? a) Three Gorges b) Hoover c) Aswan
• Second largest desert in the world (Antarctica is first)• US would fit inside the Sahara• 2.5 million years old
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